Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNION"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 5 FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNION The American Nation4/1/2017Chapter 5 FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNIONSection 1: The Articles of ConfederationSection 2: Drafting and Ratifying the ConstitutionSection 3: The Constitution: A Living DocumentCHAPTER 5--FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNION
2 Objectives: Section 1: The Articles of Confederation What political ideas were reflected in the state constitutions?How did the ideas of Republican Motherhood affect women’s roles and opportunities?What powers did the Articles of Confederation grant the national government?How did the Northwest Ordinance try to resolve future conflicts over western lands?What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
3 State constitutions Section 1: The Articles of Confederation limited the power of governorsrestricted the influence of the church on government
4 Republican Motherhood Section 1: The Articles of ConfederationRepublican Motherhoodgave women a powerful role in the homeexpanded support for women’s educationlimited women’s political participation
5 Articles of Confederation granted the national government: Section 1: The Articles of ConfederationArticles of Confederation granted the national government:power to coin and borrow moneypower to conduct foreign affairspower to set policy toward American Indianspower to settle disputes between the states
6 Northwest Ordinance Section 1: The Articles of Confederation provided for the creation of new statesprovided for a process for settling territories farther westguaranteed settlers’ civil rightsbanned slavery
7 Weakness of the Articles of Confederation Section 1: The Articles of ConfederationWeakness of the Articles of ConfederationAll 13 states had to consent to changes in the Articles.Major legislation needed the consent of all 13 states.Congress was unable to levy taxes.Congress was unable to regulate foreign trade.Weaknesses led to lack of confidence in government, mounting national debt, and economic depression.
8 Objectives: Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution How did the Virginia Plan call for a stronger federal government?What major compromises were reflected in the Constitution?How did the Antifederalists oppose the Constitution, and how did the Federalists respond?Why did all 13 states ratify the Constitution?
9 Virginia Plan Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution gave Congress the right to overturn state lawsgave Congress the right to tax the statesgave Congress the right to use force against a state if it did not fulfill its duties
10 Major compromises in the Constitution Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the ConstitutionMajor compromises in the ConstitutionThe Great Compromise granted each state an equal voice in the upper house regardless of size, and accorded representation in the lower house based on population.The Three-Fifths Compromise established that three fifths of a state’s slave population would count in determining its population.Compromises over commerce established that Congress could levy tariffs on imports but not exports, and allowed the importation of slaves until the end of 1807s.
11 Debate over the Constitution Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the ConstitutionDebate over the ConstitutionFederalists and Antifederalists debated each other in state ratifying conventions, and the Federalists wrote a series of essays called the Federalist Papers.
12 Ratification Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution Ratification was only unanimous because Congress agreed to add a bill of rights for Virginia and New York, and threatened economic boycott against Rhode Island.
13 Objectives: Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document How does the Constitution divide power between the federal and state governments?How does the separation of powers prevent each branch of government from becoming too strong?What are the potential drawbacks of the system of checks and balances?What provisions in the constitution allow for its flexibility?
14 Division of power Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document Delegated powers such as the rights to coin money, regulate trade with foreign nations and among states, and to raise and support an army and a navy, are listed in the Constitution as belonging to the federal government.
15 Division of power (continued) Section 3: The Constitution: A Living DocumentDivision of power (continued)Reserved powers such as the rights to establish local governments and oversee schools belong to the states, and include all those powers not specifically granted to the federal government.
16 Division of power (continued) Section 3: The Constitution: A Living DocumentDivision of power (continued)Concurrent powers such as levying and collecting taxes, borrowing money, providing for the public welfare, and establishing courts belong to both the state and federal governments.
17 Separation of power Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document Each branch has its own powers that other branches cannot claim.Legislative branch makes laws.Executive branch sees that laws are carried out.Judicial branch interprets and applies laws.
18 Potential drawbacks of checks and balances Section 3: The Constitution: A Living DocumentPotential drawbacks of checks and balancespolitical infightingpolitical stalematesgovernment shutdowns
19 Flexibility provisions Section 3: The Constitution: A Living DocumentFlexibility provisionsAmendment process allows citizens to alter the Constitution.Elastic clause gives Congress the authority to exercise its powers in ways not specified.