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Presentation to NERSA Revised Eskom MYPD2 application 28 January 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation to NERSA Revised Eskom MYPD2 application 28 January 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation to NERSA Revised Eskom MYPD2 application 28 January 2010

2 Idasa Idasa is an independent South African public interest organisation committed to promoting sustainable democracy based on active citizenship, democratic institutions, and social justice Idasas Economic Governance Programme – –Aims to promote democratic decision-making processes and resource management through citizen engagement to achieve sustainable socio-economic justice in Africa –Coordinator of the Electricity Governance Initiative of South Africa We are grateful for the advice and assistance of Smita Nakhooda (WRI), Gareth Walsh, Jesse Burton (UCT) and Adv Dave Borgstrom in the preparation of our written and oral submissions

3 Appreciation for NERSAs role Idasa recognises that NERSA is in a uniquely difficult position - required to act independently in the long term public interest, in a complex economic context Many actors, including many new actors New and evolving processes, requiring clarification Parallel decisions taken over which NERSA has little control, for example, Gazetting of IRP 1 NERSAs role includes reconciling the differences between IRP 1 and Eskoms MYPD 2 application NERSA should be commended for making a special effort to accommodate public input on this important and controversial issue, for example, by extending public hearings Idasa appreciates the opportunity to make this presentation

4 Eskoms Revised MYPD 2 Idasa notes the changes in Eskoms revised MYPD 2 application following stakeholder feedback, in particular: –Greater transparency around projected demand, particularly the reduction as a result of projected savings attributed to DSM; and notes expansion of the SWH programme which is in line with the Gazetted IRP 1 –The acknowledgement that an enabling environment is required to attract new entrants to the market Eskom acknowledges that there is still a need for further clarity on a long-term energy future, and more effective integration at Government level Idasa believes that such country choices should be defined by broadly-consulted IRP and IEP that are reflective of a degree of national consensus, and believes that Eskoms MYPD2 application should follow and be consistent with such a plan

5 Introduction Idasa does not at this stage express a firm view as to: –the necessary extent of infrastructural development required to meet future demand; –by whom such development should be undertaken; and –the appropriate mixture of available technologies that should be adopted to generate additional electricity supplies Decisions clearly need to be taken, and cannot be avoided given the severe projected gap between energy supply and demand

6 Summary of process concerns Two primary areas of concern: 1.We are concerned that the current process may be neither fair nor lawful, particularly with respect to IRP 1. (Section 195(1)(e) of the Constitution: People's needs must be responded to, and the public must be encouraged to participate in policy- making) 2.Insufficient information in the public domain to enable meaningful representations (2002 Regulations ito Section 4 of PAJA: Information must be detailed enough to enable people to make meaningful representations)

7 MYPD 2 is premature We submit that a multi-year decision by NERSA on Eskoms MYPD 2 application in its present form is premature, as it: –risks locking in the need, scale and form of additional electricity production, and regarding the most appropriate technology choices, without necessary deliberation of tradeoffs and long term implications –would not be transparent or clearly in the public interest –would not be reasonable –may be unlawful in view of the lack of public consultation before Gazetting IRP 1

8 IRP 1 (1) The IRP (and IEP), as the necessary framework for MYPD2, should be open to prior public consultation – as recognised in Eskoms revised application This entails transparency regarding: –planning assumptions –results of modelling and scenario building –derivation of the base plan for least cost generation investment requirement –criteria for risk adjustment of the base plan Section 3 of the Regulations on New Generation Capacity (5 August 2009), in terms of the Electricity Regulation Act, 2006

9 IRP 1 (2) IRP 1 Gazetted on 31 December 2009, and public consultation promised in January 2010 This consultation should have preceded a multi-year decision by NERSA on Eskoms application, otherwise this would indicate a worrying assumption that IRP 2 could not reflect meaningful amendments in light of contributions during the public participation process, as it would be constrained by a multi-year determination by NERSA There are inconsistencies between IRP 1 and MYPD 2, for example, savings assigned to DSM in Eskoms MYPD 2 application are significantly less than those contained within IRP 1 * NERSA should consider making a further interim tariff decision applicable while IRP 2 is publicly consulted * Total DSM figures gazetted IRP 1 = 11876 MWh rather than the 3330 MWh in Eskoms MYPD2 application (pure DSM), or 7070 MWh (DSM & SWH)

10 An Interim Price Determination for 2010/11 would allow time for adequate public consultation Jan FebMarchApril Dec? Draft Interim Price Determination for period 2010/11 Coordinate thorough IRP 2 consultation process Eskom NERSA DoE Draft and publish IRP 2 Gazette Final IRP 2 Coordinate MYPD 2 review process Coordinate Interim Price Application review process Receive Interim Decision Draft MYPD 2 (2011 – 2014) Receive Final Decision 2010

11 Additional risk Idasa concedes there is a risk that decisions on future build that need to be made urgently will be delayed, increasing the likelihood of a future supply shortfall. This could be mitigated as follows: – A timeline should be defined for the finalisation of IRP 2 and the subsequent MYPD 2 (2011/2014) that ensures country decisions are delayed as little as possible whilst still allowing for adequate consultation – In light of these timeframes, NERSA, Eskom, DoE and other stakeholders should agree as part of the Interim Price Determination process (2010/11) on decisions that cannot await the conclusion of IRP 2 and MYPD 2 The risks associated with making decisions about the countrys energy future without adequate consultation would appear to be far greater

12 Eskoms revised MYPD 2 application Notwithstanding these concerns over the process being followed, we have specific questions about the content of the revised MYPD 2 application, particularly with respect to: – DSM programme & PCP – Energy mix – Role envisioned for IPPs – Financing, costs and revenue – Coal Costs – Subsidies and Free Basic Electricity

13 DSM Programme (1) The inclusion in Eskoms revised application of additional details of costs and savings to be achieved through DSM is a positive step However, there is insufficient information to enable detailed analysis, specifically: –What DSM measures will available funds will be spent on? –Are there clear targets to be achieved? –What is the methodology by which these measures will be rolled out and monitored? –What are the indicators against which performance will be measured? –Who is providing independent oversight and what rewards / penalties exist for over / under performance?

14 DSM Programme (2) Limited analysis has been possible due to the scarcity of information provided. However, based on initial analysis: The programme costs appear high – The deduced costs based on Eskoms revised application are approximately R14m/MW 1 saved, compared to the NERs proposal to reward Eskom R4.3m/MW 2 saved through DSM in the 2006/09 MYPD 1 decision The programme appears moderately ambitious – Projected savings are significantly below those a NERT (National Electricity Response Team) report in 2008 3 suggested could be achieved. Eskom now projects savings of 2.1TWh / Annum within 2 years, whereas NERTs sectoral assessment indicates that savings of up to 9.6TWh / Annum could be possible within 18 months – Projected DSM savings are significantly less than those contained within IRP 1 Gazetted 31/12/09 – 7.5TWh to 2014 as compared to 10.6TWh in the IRP 1 1 Based on assumption that DSM measures are equally distributed across the day (and 2009s 76.5% load factor extends throughout the MYPD period) 2 CPI adjusted from R3.5m (2006) - NER MYPD 1 – 1/4/06 – 31/3/09 3 The Impact of Electricity Price Increases and Rationing on the South African Economy – Altman et al 2008

15 Power Conservation Programme Idasa acknowledges the consultations undertaken by NERSA last year on the proposed PCP scheme We note, however: – Eskoms projected demand has not been explicitly reduced to account for the proposed Power Conservation Programme (PCP). This is significant, particularly in light of its ability to achieve demand reductions of 10-15% 1 Idasa believes the proposed PCP is a vital tool to complement DSM, in order to temper consumption and facilitate the transition to a more energy efficient economy. Consequently, we suggest that: – The final PCP rules be published as soon as possible – a task entrusted to NERSA in IRP 1. We understand that some funding is available in principle from the World Banks Clean Technology Fund. NERSA should consider ring-fencing additional funding – Savings targets from the programme are determined as part of the DoEs IRP 2 process and explicitly accounted for in Eskoms postponed MYPD2 application - Subject to independent oversight 1Interventions to address electricity shortages, NERT 08

16 Energy Mix We suggest NERSA should clarify and disclose: – The tariff implications of the 4% renewable energy (RE) policy target (in IRP1 and accepted in Eskoms application), including a cost/benefit analysis of this target (and alternatives) –Whether it accepts the tariff consequences of Eskoms proposal to postpone the Sere wind farm while IRP 1 requires it, or if NERSA envisages any alternatives

17 IPPs (1) Eskom: % of IPP generation plateaus and declines by 2014/15 – is this reasonable and adequate in the circumstances? Targets should be the subject of broad public consultation, eg in IRP and IEP Potential Eskom conflicts of interest associated with: –Requirement that Eskom undertake the feasibility study for IPP participation (Sec. 4 of the New Generation Capacity Regulations, 2009) –Eskoms role in contracting with IPPs and administering the REFIT programme (Sec. 5, 6 & 7 of the New Generation Capacity Regulations, 2009)

18 IPPs (2) Idasa suggests NERSA should mitigate these risks arising from the IPP programme by: –Ensuring transparent systems and criteria for tracking expressions of interest and contracting –Monitoring Eskoms responses, including timeframes and provision of reasons for accepting or declining proposals –Considering convening a multi-stakeholder forum to exercise oversight over the conduct of the IPP feasibility study and the conclusion of PPAs

19 Access to Electricity: Price, Subsidies and Free Basic Electricity Especially in regard to poorer (potential) users: NERSA should determine the fairness, and disclose the details, of any cross-subsidies by residential consumers of large electricity consumers NERSA should ensure comprehensive and transparent data collection and provision by all licencees in order to determine the effectiveness of the free basic electricity allowance, as well as of all DSM measures

20 Comparative costs of coal Eskoms revised application recognises escalating and volatile costs of coal But contains little evident consideration of implications of sustained price volatility and unreliable coal supply for the costs of low cost coal for Medupi, Kusile and a recommissioned Komati There is a need to ensure closer consideration of coal procurement practices, and enhanced transparency of contractual terms

21 Financing, Costs and Revenue (1) NERSA should require a degree of prior certainty and transparency regarding funding (and associated funding costs) available to Eskom, including whether any funding will be tied to particular activities, before determining tariffs for the next three years We are advised that a time horizon of 5 years is inadequate to assess the soundness and risk of investment decisions. Most capital projects envisaged in the application will have a lifespan of about 20+ years, whereas projected costs and revenues span only a period of 5 years – Does (missing) s.34 of Electricity Regulation Act (re IRP) envisage such a longer time horizon? - Integrated Energy Plan ito Energy Act envisages 20 years

22 Financing, Costs and Revenue (2) NERSA should reserve the right to actively monitor Eskoms costs and revenue, in order to: –ensure adherence to tariff conditions –ensure potential savings and efficiency gains are realised –revisit any tariff components where, for example, the IRP 2 review process leads to changed assumptions

23 Conclusion: MYPD 2 is premature We submit that a multi-year decision by NERSA on Eskoms MYPD 2 application in its present form is premature NERSA should consider making a further interim tariff decision for 2010/2011, applicable while IRP 2 is publicly consulted Thank you

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