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Chapter 14 Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy

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1 Chapter 14 Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy

2 C14.2 The Inauguration of Andrew Jackson
Inauguration Facts over 10,000 attended came from 500 miles partied in & out of White House nearly a riot

3 Jackson brought change
new people voting common white men could vote Jackson promised to get rich out of govt. return govt. to the people

4 C14.3 From the Frontier to the White House
born SC frontier 1767 grew up poor hot temper 13, captured by British during Revolution became lawyer moved to TN bought land & slaves killed man in duel Jackson’s Early Years

5 Becoming President served in House & Senate General during War of 1812
1824 – won popular & electoral votes, but not majority House chose John Q. Adams helped start Democratic Party (poor, farmers, working class) 1828 – won presidency


7 C14.4 Jackson’s Approach to Governing
Kitchen Cabinet informal group of Jackson’s friends gave Jackson advice met in White House kitchen

8 Spoils System Jackson’s practice of rewarding political supporters
gave them govt. jobs he replaced 10% of civil servants

9 C14.5 The Nullification Crisis
taxes on imports encourage growth of manufacturing in U.S. causes higher prices for imports people encouraged to buy American favored by North had factories sold American goods Tariffs

10 South opposed tariffs tariffs raised prices of foreign goods (imports)
tariffs discouraged trade hurt cotton sales believed tariffs favored the North

11 Problems in South Carolina
SC decided to nullify tariff laws SC threatened to secede (leave the U.S.) if tariff laws enforced Congress lowered tariffs S.C. backed down

12 C14.6 Jackson Battles the Bank of the United States
Jackson’s Concerns believed bank benefited rich Eastern investors bank in way of West’s development distrusted bank’s president

13 Bank’s Charter would expire 1836 Congress renewed it 1832
Jackson vetoed renewal bank would end in 4 years commoners happy Jackson re-elected for second term Jackson killed bank early by removing federal deposits put money in state banks (“pet banks”)

14 C14.7 Jackson’s Indian Policy
Approaches tried by Indians treaties with U.S. to share land some sold land, moved some fought settlers, U.S. Army some adopted white ways Cherokee took matter to Supreme Court won case Jackson ignored court

15 Indian Removal Act, 1830 Allowed Pres. to make treaties with Indians
Indians must trade their lands for land west of Mississippi not supposed to be removed by force Jackson sent army to remove them

16 Trail of Tears Journey of 17,000 Cherokee to Indian Territory
Forced to go by U.S. Army 4,000 died of cold, hunger, diseases

17 Seminoles fought U.S. Army in Florida, 10 years
some taken to Indian Territory others hid in swamps, stayed in Florida

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