1910-1912 The Republican Party splits Ballinger-Pinchot Affair (conservation) Payne-Aldrich Tariff (protective tariff) Gifford Pinchot Richard Ballinger
The current Secretary of the Interior in Barack Obama's administration is Sally Jewell of Washington. She was confirmed by the Senate on April 10, 2013 The U.S. Department of the Interior protects Americas natural resources and heritage, honors our cultures and tribal communities, and supplies the energy to power our future.
Taft (Republican) Retains high tariffs Did not support Roosevelts conservation efforts Busted 90+ trusts, did not distinguish between good and bad trusts
Republican Party Platform High import tariffs. Put limitations on female and child labor. Workmans Compensation Laws. Against initiative, referendum, and recall. Against bad trusts. Creation of a Federal Trade Commission. Stay on the gold standard. Conservation of natural resources because they are finite.
A negative attack by President Tafts campaign alleging that Wilson would result in a reduction of pensions.
When asked if he was fit to run, TR replied he was as fit as a bull moose. Roosevelt and the liberal Republicans leave the Republican convention. Roosevelt announces that his hat is in the ring for the election as a third party candidate.
New Nationalism Roosevelt supported government protection of human welfare and property rights. He insisted that only a powerful federal government could regulate the economy and guarantee social justice, and that a President can only succeed in making his economic agenda successful if he makes the protection of human welfare his highest priority.
New Nationalism Womens suffrage. Graduated income tax. Inheritance tax for the rich. Lower tariffs. Limits on campaign spending. Currency reform. Minimum wage laws. National health insurance. Abolition of child labor. Workmens compensation.
Roosevelt riding to the convention center in Chicago, Illinois
New Freedom: Wilson wanted to attack the triple wall of privilege Banking Tariffs Trusts Democrat Woodrow Wilson proposes a New Freedom for America
Democratic Platform Government control of the monopolies trusts in general were bad eliminate them!! Tariff reduction. One-term President. Direct election of Senators. Create a Department of Labor. Strengthen the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Did NOT support womens suffrage. Opposed to a central bank.
Federal Reserve Act The banking system pinched small farmers and entrepreneurs. The gold standard still made currency too tight, and loans were too expensive for the average American. Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act, which made the nation's currency more flexible.
Underwood Tariff Tariffs protected the large industrialists at the expense of small farmers. Wilson signed the Underwood-Simmons Act into law in 1913, which reduced tariff rates.
Clayton-Antitrust Act Unlike Roosevelt, Wilson did not distinguish between "good" trusts and "bad" trusts. Any trust by virtue of its large size was bad in Wilson's eyes. The Clayton Antitrust Act clarified the Sherman Act by specifically naming certain business tactics illegal.
Clayton Antitrust Act This same act also exempted labor unions from antitrust suits, and declared strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing perfectly legal.
The Socialist Party & Eugene Debs The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity.
Socialist Party Platform Government ownership of railroads and utilities. Guaranteed income tax. No tariffs. 8-hour work day. Better housing. Government inspection of factories Curb power of federal govt to issue injunctions. injunctions. Womens suffrage.
Results: A Wilson victory WilsonRooseveltTaftDebs Electoral votes 4358880 Popular vote 6,296,2844,122,7212,486,242901,551 States carried 40620
New Nationalism v. New Freedom New NationalismNew Freedom Ideas from Hebert Croly Proposed broad social welfare Economic competition bad drives down wages Aimed at regulating trusts, not breaking them up Ideas from Louis Brandeis Favored breaking up trusts to restore competition Competition is good in the market place