Presentation on theme: "Social Studies Lesson Power Point Laura G. Sarah T. Sheena S. ED 639"— Presentation transcript:
1 Social Studies Lesson Power Point Laura G. Sarah T. Sheena S. ED 639 The Civil WarSocial Studies Lesson Power PointLaura G. Sarah T. Sheena S.ED 639
2 The Civil War- Factors Leading Up to the War 8th grade American History
3 Objectives At the completion of this lesson, students will be able to: recognize the political, economic, geographic, and social factors that influenced the outbreak of warIdentify and define the major events/acts
5 The American Civil War Page Useful WebsitesThe History PlaceCivilwar.comAmerican Civil WarThe Civil WarThe American Civil War Page
6 Economic Issues Tariffs, Tariffs, Tariffs A tariff is a tax paid on importsHurt South because it raised the price of goods that they had to buy; Protected North because they could make their own goods and made it easier to compete with foreign goodsSouth was paying almost 87% of tariff revenue while abolitionists were attacking their way of life.How would this make you feel?Tariff of Abomination-1828, was revised in 1833 under threat of secession
7 Secession and Nullification Idea 1st appeared during War of 1812 when New Englanders were upset with the warThe 1828 Tariff was viewed as unfair and threatening to the SouthVP John C. Calhoun wrote “The South Carolina Exposition and Protest” advocating the right to nullify federal laws –South Carolina followed his adviceAndrew Jackson managed to avoid a war during the Nullification Crisis by allowing a reduced tariff to be passedKey issue was about states’ rights
8 The Issue of Slavery and Expansion The Constitution failed to end slaveryIt gave South an advantage in House and the Presidency with the 3/5 clauseCotton Gin (by Eli Whitney) revived the importance of cotton and therefore slaverySlavery was an important aspect to the Southern economy- cash crops/plantationsOnly 26% of whites in South owned slaves, yet slaves were 1/3-1/2 of the populationWhy would non-slave holders support slavery?
9 AbolitionThe religious revivals of the 1820’s made ABOLITIONISM an important issueBelieved slavery was evil; wanted to abolish slavery. Used publications (The Liberator), petitions, and more extreme measures to end slavery.Others:Free-soilers- wanted to only limit the expansion of slaveryColonialists- wanted to end slavery and return them back to Africa; advocated by Monroe, Lincoln, and many other politicians and NorthernersWhat present day country is a result of this idea?
10 Frederick Douglass Runaway Slave Joined abolitionist movement; was anti-colonizationWas hired by William Lloyd Garrison as a speaker; became world famousAlso supported equal political rights for womenMay 1845, 5,000 copies of his book Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave were published1847 published own paper North Star in Rochester, NYDuring Civil War, served as advisor to LincolnWhat made Douglass so famous and so controversial?
11 The Missouri Compromise Created by Henry ClayAdmitted Missouri as a slave state (1821), Maine as a free state (1820); Kept the balance; Created free/slave line at 36’30°N in hopes of resolving future issuesWestern expansion was the desire and fear of both sidesNew states would create an imbalance in CongressMade the imbalance of states and slavery a major issue in the political arena
12 The Compromise of 1850Collection of 5 compromises created by Henry Clay as a way to keep the Union together following the acquisition of territory from the Mexican WarTexas would relinquish the disputed land (for $10 million to pay off its debt to Mexico)NM, NV, UT, & AZ would be added without mentioning slaverySlave trade would be abolished in DC (slavery would still be legal)California would be a free stateFugitive Slave Law would be enacted
13 Compromise of 1850 Kept the Union together for another decade, but… The Fugitive Slave Law was the most controversial of the actsIt required citizens to aid in the recovery of fugitive slaves and denied fugitives to a trial by juryAbolitionists resolved to end slavery immediately
14 The Kansas-Nebraska Act Passed by Congress on May 30, 1854; allowed the people of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether they would be free or slaveRepealed the Missouri Compromise since the states were north of the 36’30°N lineUpset many Northerners who saw line as a permanent agreement; was supported by many Southerners as a way of expanding slavery and political support
15 Aftermath of K-N Act: Bloody Kansas Both pro- and anti-slavery settlers rushed to Kansas to affect the votePro-slavery won out, but the election was seen as fraudulent; another anti-slavery election was held- Result? 2 legislatures!Violence erupted, led by John BrownPresident Pierce sent troops to stop the violence; another election was held, but it too was charged with fraud and Congress refused to recognize Kansas as a state (until 1861 as a free state)
16 John Brown Raised in North by deeply religious, radical abolitionists Met Frederick Douglas in 1847Waged a war against those who supported slavery in KansasOn Oct. 16,1859, he led 21 other men on an assault against Harper’s Ferry, a federal arsenal.Was put down by Federal troops led by LeeHe was tried of treason and executedSeen as a martyr for the abolitionist cause and a major threat to Southerners (and many Northerners)List some reasons why both Southerners and Northerners would be opposed to abolition.
17 Dred-Scott Decision-1857Dred Scott was a slave who lived in Illinois and Wisconsin (free states), then was moved back to Missouri (a slave state)He appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes to gain his freedomCourt ruled that Scott was black, therefore not a citizen and had no right to sue and should be treated as propertyThis ruling incited abolitionists; however, Douglass believed the decision would bring to light the issue of slavery and its eventual downfall
18 Student Activities1. Write a persuasive letter for war from the viewpoint of a Southerner or a Northerner1-2 pages in lengthUse at least 3 of the discussed factors to create your argument
19 2. Complete a Map Activity and Answer the Questions On the map:Identify the territories and the new states that were added and whenidentify the states that remained in the Unionthe border statesthe states that secededwith the dates of secession
20 3. Analyze the political cartoons. What do the cartoons mean?Who is the intended audience?Compare with a modern political cartoon. What are the similarities? Differences?
21 4. Divide into 2 groups, 1 a defense team and 1 a prosecuting team 4. Divide into 2 groups, 1 a defense team and 1 a prosecuting team. Recreate the trial of Dred Scott using the arguments of the historical players and original arguments.
22 5. Create a timeline of events that helped lead to the eruption of the Civil War in 1861.