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Les Adjectifs Décrivent les noms et personnages.

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Presentation on theme: "Les Adjectifs Décrivent les noms et personnages."— Presentation transcript:

1 Les Adjectifs Décrivent les noms et personnages

2 In English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun, but most French adjectives follow the noun they modify:    un livre vert - green book     un garçon hyperactif - hyper guy une table ronde - round table     du thé sucré - sweet tea

3 Certain adjectives are placed before the noun, some which you can memorize with the acronym "BAGS":    Beauty    Age    Good and bad    Size These descriptors - and a few others - are considered inherent qualities of the noun:    une jolie fille - pretty girl    un jeune homme - young man    une nouvelle maison - new house   un petit problème - small problem

4 French adjectives change to agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify, which means there can be up to four forms of each adjective: Adjective: joli (pretty)    Masculine singular   joli     Feminine singular   jolie    Masculine plural   jolis     Feminine plural   jolies

5 Most French adjectives add E for feminine and S for plural
Most French adjectives add E for feminine and S for plural. This rule applies to adjectives that end in most consonants as well as all vowels except the unaccented E. Adjective: bleu (blue)    Masculine singular   bleu    Feminine singular   bleue    Masculine plural   bleus    Feminine plural   bleues Adjective: amusant (funny)    Masculine singular   amusant    Feminine singular   amusante    Masculine plural   amusants    Feminine plural   amusantes

6 When the masculine singular adjective ends in an unaccented E, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms: Adjective: rouge (red)    Masculine singular   rouge    Feminine singular   rouge    Masculine plural   rouges    Feminine plural   rouges When the default form of the adjective ends in S or X, there is no difference between the masculine singular and plural forms: Adjective: gris (grey)    Masculine singular   gris    Feminine singular   grise    Masculine plural   gris    Feminine plural   grises

7 Most French adjectives are regular, but there are a number of irregular adjectives, based on the final letter(s) of the masculine singular adjective. Adjectives that end in a vowel plus L or N usually become feminine by doubling the consonant before adding E Ending: el > elle   Adjective: personnel (personal)     Masculine singular   personnel     Feminine singular   personnelle     Ending: on > onne   Adjective: bon (good)     Masculine singular   bon     Feminine singular   bonne    Adjectives that end in er or et need a grave accent: Ending: er > ère   Adjective: cher (expensive)     Masculine singular   cher     Feminine singular   chère     Ending: et > ète   Adjective: complet (full)     Masculine singular   complet     Feminine singular   complète

8 DANS LA DICTIONNAIRE: Exemple: beautiful /’bju:tifΰl/ ADJ [person, music, picture, clothes] beau (belle f), bel m before vowel ; [weather] superbe, splendide ; [dinner] magnifique

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