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Regulatory Aspects of CERC

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Presentation on theme: "Regulatory Aspects of CERC"— Presentation transcript:

1 Regulatory Aspects of CERC
By S.C.SHRIVASTAVA, Joint Chief (Engg) CERC, New Delhi 4/1/2017 CERC

2 Tariff Regulation In India
Till 1998 By Govt. Since Aug. 1998 By Central & State Regulatory Commissions under ERC Act 1998 Since 2003 By Central & State Regulatory Commissions under EA 2003 4/1/2017 CERC

3 Tariff Setting In India
Prior to 1992- Single part Tariff Cost plus on actuals (Schedule 6 of E(S) Act 1948) Since 1992 to 2001- For SEBs- Single part Cost plus on actuals For CPSUs & IPPs- Two part Cost Plus with performance based rate making (KP Rao Committee) 4/1/2017 CERC

4 Tariff Setting In India
Since 2001 to 2003- For SEBs- Single part Cost plus on actuals For CPSUs & IPPs- Availability Based Tariff (ABT) Cost Plus with performance based rate making (CERC Regulation) Since 2003 onward- Availability Based Tariff (ABT) Cost Plus with performance based rate making Competitively Bid Tariff 4/1/2017 CERC

5 Objective- EA 2003 “An Act to consolidate the laws…for taking measures conducive to development of electricity industry, promoting competition therein, protecting interests of consumers supply of electricity to all areas 4/1/2017 CERC

6 Statutory Provisions in EA 2003
Section 3 & 4 Regulatory Commissions to be guided by the NEP and TP. Section 61 Regulatory Commissions to formulate “Terms and Conditions of Tariff” for determination of Tariff under Section 62 duly considering: The factors which would encourage competition, efficiency, economical use of the resources, good performance and optimum investments; The principles rewarding efficiency in performance; The promotion of co-generation and generation of electricity from renewable sources of energy; 4/1/2017 CERC

7 Statutory Provisions in EA 2003
Section 62: Provide for determination of Tariff for sale of power from a generating company to distribution licensees Section 63: “Notwithstanding anything contained in section 62, the Appropriate Commission shall adopt the tariff if such tariff has been determined through transparent process of bidding in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Central Government” 4/1/2017 CERC

8 Provisions in Tariff Policy
All future requirement of power should be procured competitively by distribution licensees Expansion of existing projects of State controlled/owned companies exempted Expansion of generating capacity by private developers for this purpose restricted to one time addition of not more than 50% of the existing capacity. New projects of State controlled/owned companies exempted for five years or more till the situation is found ripe to introduce such competition by the Regulatory Commissions. 4/1/2017 CERC

9 Provisions in Tariff Policy
Clarification issued by the MoP on on Clauses 5.1 and 7.1 exempting following types of PSUs/CPSUs projects from competitive bidding route:  Expansion projects of already Commission projects Projects for which PPA has been sign on or before No such relaxation for Pvt Sector 4/1/2017 CERC

10 Procurement Options for the Discoms
From State PSUs/ CPSUs at Cost plus tariff Procurement through competitive bidding route under case-1 and Case-2 Procure power from traders and discoms under bilateral arrangements though Open access Procure Power at the power exchanges through collective transactions though Open access(Day ahead Market) Procure Power though UI (Real time market up to grid frequency 49.7 Hz) 4/1/2017 CERC

11 Regulatory Approach in Cost plus Tariff setting
Cost of Service based on performance linked norms Balancing the interest of Generators on one hand & beneficiaries on the other Transparency Light handed regulation Encourage efficiency & Economy Encourage Investment System of incentive and disincentive for performance 4/1/2017 CERC

12 Availability Based Tariff
Annual Fixed Charge (Capacity Charges)- Payment Linked to availability Energy Charge- Payment linked to scheduled generation Unscheduled Interchange (UI) Charge- payment linked to grid frequency for deviation from the schedule Incentive- For Ex-bus generation in excess of ex-bus generation corresponding to the availability Norm 4/1/2017 CERC

13 CERC’s Terms and Condition of tariff for 2009-14
Provided for Pre-Tax Return on Equity Tightened efficiency norms for the thermal power stations For existing 500 MW units Station heat rate norm reduced from 2450 kCal/kWh to 2425 kCal/kWH For New units operating margin in Station heat rate norm reduced from 9% to 6.5% from the design heat rate values Raised performance norms of availability from 80% to 85% coupled with incentive linked to availability Reduced aux energy consumption norm by 0.5% point for thermal generating stations. Provide for efficiency & performance norms for super critical technology units Provide for sharing of benefit of savings in secondary fuel oil consumption 4/1/2017 CERC 13

14 CERC’s Terms and Condition of tariff for 2009-14
Renovation & Modernization of Thermal power Plants Distinct activity recognized in Tariff Policy Aimed at improved efficiency and performance Suggesting Phasing out of very old and inefficient units Special allowance after useful life for sustaining efficiency and performance parameters in well maintained stations Rs.5lakh.MW/Year with effect from escalated every year at 5.72%. 4/1/2017 CERC 14 4/1/2017 CERC 14

15 ABT-Thermal 4/1/2017 CERC

16 Rationalisation of Performance/Operational Norms
Reasonable and achievable Commensurate with technology, unit size, fuel used and operating conditions With due regard to industries performance Wherever scope for improvement a reasonable time to be allowed 4/1/2017 CERC

17 Regulatory Scope Under Competitive bidding Route
Scope is limited Approval of quantum of capacity/Energy to be purchased and approval of fuel price in case of fuel specific enquiry Approval of Deviations from the guidelines Notification of escalation indices for evaluation and for payment purposes Scrutiny of the process to see whether it conforms to the competitive bidding guidelines Approval of the tariff implications arising out of change of law 4/1/2017 CERC

18 Escalation indices for Evaluation
4/1/2017 CERC

19 Escalation indices for payment
4/1/2017 CERC

20 Transmission Charges and Losses Matrix
4/1/2017 CERC

21 CERC Regulated Tariffs
4/1/2017 CERC

22 CERC Regulated Tariffs
4/1/2017 CERC

23 Competitive Bid Tariffs
4/1/2017 CERC

24 Competitive Bid Tariffs
4/1/2017 CERC

25 Price of Electricity in Bilaterals/PXs/UI
4/1/2017 CERC

26 Price of Electricity in Bilaterals/PXs/UI
Presently the prices in the PXs are going as high as Rs. 14 in the southern Region The reasons? Desperate buying by Tamil Nadu due to Increase in Peak Demand by about 10% No capacity addition Unable to over draw from the grid as UI Transmission congestion leading to increase in prices by Rs. 3 due to congestion charges 4/1/2017 CERC

27 Success of Competitive Bidding
Conducive Environment Uniform bidding guidelines Standard bid documents and PPA Equitable sharing of risk between procurer and generator Reasonable penalty and risk mitigation Regulatory certainty State support in getting land, fuel, water, and environment clearances Success of bidding process demonstrated in 3 UMPP Sasan,Mudra and Krishnapatanam 4/1/2017 CERC

28 Challenges Extent of State support in future
Manner of tackling situations arising out of Change of law Abnormal fuel price escalations Development of transmission corridors To early to say that price discovery is competitive enough to beat the cost plus prices There is need for advance action by the States to start the procurement process with regard to their demand projections. 4/1/2017 CERC

29 E-mail: CERC Web Site:
Thank You CERC Web Site: 4/1/2017 CERC

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