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Principles of Literature

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Presentation on theme: "Principles of Literature"— Presentation transcript:

1 Principles of Literature

2 1. Meaning/Purpose 2. Character/Speaker 3. Language/Style 4. Tone/Mood 5. Form/Structure

3 Meaning/Purpose What is the author’s message?
To which audience is the author writing? What is the theme, and or the motifs present in the text and why do they exist?

4 Character/Speaker Character: Fiction Speaker: Poetry/Non-Fiction
Who is the focus of the story? Protagonist? Antagonist? What qualities do they have? Mental? Physical? Emotional? What motivates them? How do they develop?

5 Characterization Motive Agency Development Description Direct Indirect
Flat Round Functionary

6 Language/Style Pathos Imagery Logos Ethos Hyperbole Irony
What strategies of language are used to create the message? Rhetorical? Literary? What figurative language adds to the depth of the text? Pathos Imagery Logos Ethos Hyperbole Irony

7 Rhetorical Strategy The art of persuasion in discourse. Logos Pathos Ethos Repetition Parallel Structure Rhetorical Question Hypophora These are some of the most common strategies. There are many more.

8 Literary Strategy Personification Alliteration Juxtaposition Allegory
These are some of the most common strategies. There are many more. The art of using figurative language to enhance the message. Imagery Metaphor Simile Hyperbole Irony Personification Alliteration Juxtaposition Allegory Allusion

9 Tone and Mood Diction = Text Tone = Author Mood = Reader Anger Joy
Diction: Word Choice Tone: Meaning carried by words Mood: The emotion evoked in the reader. Connotation: Figurative Meaning Denotation: Literal Meaning Anger Joy Love Fear

10 Setting/Atmosphere Atmosphere:
How setting works with imagery to create mood. Setting: Time Place/Locale Social/Political Climate

11 Form and Structure How is the work organized?
In what genre does the work belong? What is the chronology of the work? Chapters, Scenes, Episodes, Vignettes, etc. Fiction, Non-fiction, Poetry, Essay, etc. Sci-Fi, Romance, Comedy, Action, etc. Follows standard chronology or deviates from standard chronology - flashbacks, foreshadowing, flash forward

12 Standard Plot Structure
4. Climax 3. Rising Action 5. Falling Action 2. Narrative Hook 1. Exposition 6. Resolution

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