3 Meaning/Purpose What is the author’s message? To which audience is the author writing?What is the theme, and or the motifs present in the text and why do they exist?
4 Character/Speaker Character: Fiction Speaker: Poetry/Non-Fiction Who is the focus of the story? Protagonist? Antagonist?What qualities do they have? Mental? Physical? Emotional?What motivates them?How do they develop?
5 Characterization Motive Agency Development Description Direct Indirect FlatRoundFunctionary
6 Language/Style Pathos Imagery Logos Ethos Hyperbole Irony What strategies of language are used to create the message?Rhetorical?Literary?What figurative language adds to the depth of the text?PathosImageryLogosEthosHyperboleIrony
7 Rhetorical StrategyThe art of persuasion in discourse.LogosPathosEthosRepetitionParallel StructureRhetorical QuestionHypophoraThese are some of the most common strategies. There are many more.
8 Literary Strategy Personification Alliteration Juxtaposition Allegory These are some of the most common strategies. There are many more.The art of using figurative language to enhance the message.ImageryMetaphorSimileHyperboleIronyPersonificationAlliterationJuxtapositionAllegoryAllusion
9 Tone and Mood Diction = Text Tone = Author Mood = Reader Anger Joy Diction: Word ChoiceTone: Meaning carried by wordsMood: The emotion evoked in the reader.Connotation: Figurative MeaningDenotation: Literal MeaningAngerJoyLoveFear
10 Setting/Atmosphere Atmosphere: How setting works with imagery to create mood.Setting:TimePlace/LocaleSocial/Political Climate
11 Form and Structure How is the work organized? In what genre does the work belong?What is the chronology of the work?Chapters, Scenes, Episodes, Vignettes, etc.Fiction, Non-fiction, Poetry, Essay, etc.Sci-Fi, Romance, Comedy, Action, etc.Follows standard chronology or deviates from standard chronology - flashbacks, foreshadowing, flash forward