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Consciousness Reading Quiz Hypnosis Notes Theory discussion Homework: Begin Sleep Journal tonight.

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Presentation on theme: "Consciousness Reading Quiz Hypnosis Notes Theory discussion Homework: Begin Sleep Journal tonight."— Presentation transcript:

1 Consciousness Reading Quiz Hypnosis Notes Theory discussion Homework: Begin Sleep Journal tonight

2 Sigmund Freud

3 Awareness of yourself and your environment Humans experience multiple states of consciousness Sleeping Waking Meditating Hypnosis Dreaming Drowsiness Food or oxygen starvation

4 An altered state of consciousness (?) in which suggestions can alter perceptions, feelings, thoughts, and behaviors of another person

5 Ones ability to be influenced by the suggestions of a hypnotist. Varies among people. You are getting sleepy, very sleepy Your eyelids are getting heavy Your hands are cemented together, inseparable You are swaying back & forth, back & forth

6 Posthypnotic Amnesia: The forgetting of events that took place while hypnotized. Age regression: The NON-EXISTENT ability to recall earlier memories (Hypnotist plants memories) Posthypnotic suggestions: Suggestions that are carried out after the client awakens weight, stress, & headaches minimal help with addiction Hypnotic Analgesia: The reduction of the perception of pain that occurs during hypnosis. Hypnotic Analgesia

7 Theories of hypnosis Notes Group story Return Tests NEW Reading Guide Homework: AP Practice Exam FRIDAY

8 Role Theory (Social Influence Theory) State TheoryDissociation Theory (Divided Consciousness Theory) (Ernest Hilgard) It is NOT an altered State of Consciousness! It is a social phenomenon in which people act how they think a hypnotized person should act. Hypnotic Suggestibility differs based on expectations about hypnosis. It is like someone at a party where non-alcoholic beer is being served, but people are told it is alcoholic. They will act intoxicated (not by choice), but because they have an EXPECTATION about how intoxicated people act. Hypnosis IS an altered State of Consciousness! Evidenced by changes in perception of pain & dramatic health benefits that can result. AND, sometimes carry out behaviors, even when no one is watching. AND Brain functioning does change while hypnotized. Example: Chandler from Friends began acting like a woman even while not sleeping because he listed to a tape that altered his behaviors Our consciousness divides itself One part gives into suggestions, but one part(a Hidden Observer) remains grounded in reality. Hypnotized individuals remain aware of a painful stimulus, they just dissociate (separate) themselves from the actual pain. Example: Someone varies between having a painful broken leg and a moderately uncomfortable leg pain based on one state of consciousness is more dominant

9 With a partner (or on your own), create a short story that describes somebody experiencing hypnosis Describe the subjects outward behavior and history, the hypnotists actions, what the hypnotist says, etc. Once you are done, switch stories and explain from each theorys perspective WHY the person is behaving the way they are

10 Fifth Hour: Exam #2 Mean: 25.42 (with 4 point curve) Exam #3 Mean: 26.74 (with 5 point curve) Seventh Hour: Exam #2 Mean: 25.59 (with 4 point curve) Exam #3 Mean: ----- (with 5 point curve)

11 Reading Guides: Difficult to read and find information Just a long list of content Hard to maneuver during a reading quiz or while prepping for a test Exam scores do not reflect knowledge of content The plan… NEW easier-to-read Reading Guides Can still type into them Answers will be available for questions that stump you

12 Sleep Notes Homework: AP Practice Exam TOMORROW

13 Another state of consciousness Allows the body to restore and repair itself We are far less aware of our selves and surroundings, but were still experiencing consciousness!

14 Any biological process that occurs in a 24 hour cycle Examples: Temperature, Metabolism, Alertness, blood clotting, SLEEP Teenagers: Most teenagers have a hard time falling asleep before 11:00 pm because of their shifting circadian rhythm cycle

15 Triggered by bodys production of melatonin, which is the bodys sleep-inducing hormone Increased production when its dark out Decreased production when its light out

16 A single sleep cycle lasts for approximately 90 minutes Includes five distinct sleep stages

17 Sleep onset: You are AWAKE, yet DROWSY (Alpha Waves) Have hallucinations or envision things Myoclonic Jerks (twitches or spasms) Stage 1: Theta Waves First five minutes of sleep (very easy to wake)

18 Stage 2 (Still Theta Waves!) Lasts about 20 minutes (clearly asleep) Rapid bursts of brain activity (aka sleep spindles) Half of all sleep takes place here! Sleep-talking can begin Stages 3 & 4 (Delta Waves) 30 minutes total The lower the frequency waves, the deeper the sleep Getting woken up Groggy and disoriented

19 REM Cycle Brain waves resemble Alpha waves Internally, you are alert (heart rate, eye movement, etc.) Externally, you are paralyzed This is when dreaming happens 25% of your sleep More frequent towards the end of the sleep cycle

20 Insomniainability to fall asleep or stay asleep (None) Sleep apneafailure to breathe when asleep (All) ( Stop breathing for up to 10 Seconds- hundreds of times a night) Sleepwalking- Walking/Talking in sleep (No memory) (3,4) Sleepwalking Night terrorssudden arousal from sleep and intense fear accompanied by physiological reactions (e.g., rapid heart rate, perspiration). (3,4) REM sleep disorderact out your dreams. (REM) Narcolepsyoverpowering urge to fall asleep (REM) Infographic on sleep! Rusty- The narcoleptic Dog Narcoleptic BritNarcoleptic Girl

21 Fatal Familia Insomnia Average onset of 50 Takes 7-18 mos. Starts with Insomnia & inability to nap. Gradually lose ability to sleep. Effects: Hallucinations, Panic Attacks Phobias, & eventually severe dementia. *Demonstrates the restorative & reparative function of sleep*

22 /media/interface/index.htm?atitle=Stages%20of %20Sleep&id1=10_1&id2=10_2&id3=16_1&id4=16 _2&id5=16_3&sid=16_3 /media/interface/index.htm?atitle=Stages%20of %20Sleep&id1=10_1&id2=10_2&id3=16_1&id4=16 _2&id5=16_3&sid=16_3 /media/interface/index.htm?atitle=Stages%20of %20Sleep&id1=10_1&id2=10_2&id3=16_1&id4=16 _2&id5=16_3&sid=16_3 /media/interface/index.htm?atitle=Stages%20of %20Sleep&id1=10_1&id2=10_2&id3=16_1&id4=16 _2&id5=16_3&sid=16_3

23 Practice AP Exams Dreams and meanings Article Notes Drugs Homework: Memory reading quiz TOMORROW New Reading Guide Due TOMORROW

24 5 th hour Mean: 56/100 7 th hour Mean: 58/100 Further proof that the mean is NOT the best judge of a classs abilities

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