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Brad Eggebraaten PT, SCS, ATC

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Presentation on theme: "Brad Eggebraaten PT, SCS, ATC"— Presentation transcript:

1 Brad Eggebraaten PT, SCS, ATC

2 If I were to the question : What makes an great athlete
If I were to the question : What makes an great athlete ? OR What makes and athlete great ?

3 Optimum Performance Pyramid
Functional Skill Functional Performance Functional Movement

4 Optimum Performance Pyramid
Mobility ROM / flexibility Stability core stability / neuromuscular control Testing FMS / Y balance test Functional Movement


6 Optimum Performance Pyramid
Kinetic linking movements gross movement not isolation Power production movements Olympic lifts / plyometrics Testing vertical leap / medicine ball toss Functional Performance


8 Optimum Performance Pyramid
Sports specific training Control and proper technique coaching / video analysis Testing 3 point shooting / baseball infield testing Functional Skill


10 Functional Performance
Key question Are we building fitness and skill on top of dysfunction? Functional Skill Functional Performance Functional Movement

11 What is the FMS? A series of movements designed to evaluate stability and mobility (i.e. functional movement) Uses extreme positions where weaknesses and imbalances become noticeable Ultimate goal is to identify athletes at increased risk for injury

12 Who Developed the FMS™? Gray Cook, PT, OCS, CSCS
Lee Burton, PhD, ATC, CSCS Danville, Virginia

13 Key Principles Optimum functional movement
Balance between mobility and stability Tightness = weakness Example : Hamstring seemingly become tight when the core is too weak to control the pelvis Targeting the tightness only will result in a short term gain at best

14 Functional Movement Screen
Consists of 7 tasks Scored 0 (lowest) through III (highest) Lowest score counts on bilateral tests Best possible score = 21

15 Scoring the FMS™ III – Able to complete task
II – Able to complete task with compensation I – Unable to complete the task 0 – Pain during test (or clearing exam) Max Score = 21 points Also looking for asymmetry

16 Asymmetry musculo-skeletal asymmetry is a well established risk factor for injury Ekstrand & Gillquist, 1983; Knapik et al., 1991; Baumhauer et al., 1995; Nadler et al., 2000; Soderman et al., 2001; Plisky et al., 2006; Myer et al., 2008; Yeung et al., 2009

17 Functional Movement Screen
Deep Squat Hurdle Step In-line Lunge Shoulder Mobility Active Straight Leg Raise Trunk Stability Push Up Rotary Stability

18 DEEP SQUAT Requires: closed kinetic chain dorsiflexion of the ankles
flexion of the knees and hips extension of the thoracic spine flexion and abduction of the shoulders

19 DEEP SQUAT Requires: mobility :
ankle, knee, hip, thoracic spine, and shoulders stability : core in symmetrical stance

20 DEEP SQUAT Upper torso is parallel with tibia or toward vertical
Femur below horizontal Knees are aligned over feet Dowel aligned over feet


22 HURDLE STEP Requires: stance-leg stability of the ankle, knee, and hip
closed-kinetic chain extension of the hip step-leg open-kinetic chain dorsiflexion of the ankle flexion of the knee and hip adequate balance-dynamic stability

23 HURDLE STEP Requires: mobility : step leg ankle, knee and hip
stability : stance leg ankle, knee, and hip with closed chain hip extension core stabilization to maintain adequate balance in single leg stance

24 HURDLE STEP Hips, knees and ankles remain aligned in the sagittal plane Minimal to no movement is noted in lumbar spine Dowel and hurdle remain parallel


26 IN-LINE LUNGE Requires: stance leg
stability of the ankle, knee, and hip apparent closed kinetic-chain hip abduction step-leg mobility of hip abduction ankle dorsiflexion, and rectus femoris flexibility adequate balance due to the lateral stress imposed

27 IN-LINE LUNGE Requires: mobility : stance leg ankle, knee, and hip
kneeling leg thigh flexibility stability : bilateral ankle, knee, hip core stabilization to maintain balance in asymmetrical stance

28 IN-LINE LUNGE Dowel contacts remain with lumbar spine extension
No torso movement is noted Dowel and feet remain in sagittal plane Knee touches board behind heel of front foot


shoulder mobility in a combination of motions including abduction/external rotation, flexion/extension, and adduction/internal rotation scapular and thoracic spine mobility.

31 SHOULDER MOBILITY Fists are within one hand length
(Assume one hand length is 8 inches)


33 ACTIVE SLR Requires: functional hamstring flexibility, which is the flexibility that is available during training and competition (this is different from passive flexibility, which is more commonly assessed) adequate hip mobility of the opposite leg lower abdominal stability

34 ACTIVE SLR Requires: Mobility :
functional hamstring flexibility, which is the flexibility that is available during training and competition (this is different from passive flexibility, which is more commonly assessed) adequate asymmetrical hip mobility Stability : lower abdominals

35 ACTIVE SLR Ankle/Dowel resides between mid-thigh and ASIS


requires: symmetric trunk stability in the sagittal plane during a symmetric upper extremity movement (Many functional activities in sport require the trunk stabilizers to transfer force symmetrically from the upper extremities to the lower extremities and vice versa) If : the trunk does not have adequate stability during these activities, kinetic energy will be dispersed and lead to poor functional performance, as well as increased potential for micro traumatic injury

Males perform one repetition with thumbs aligned with the top of the forehead Females perform one repetition with thumbs aligned with chin


asymmetric trunk stability in both sagittal and transverse planes during asymmetric upper and lower extremity movement

41 ROTARY STABILITY Performs one correct unilateral repetition while keeping spine parallel to surface Knee and elbow touch


43 Clinical Implications
Identifies athletes at risk of injury Targeted Objective Exam Narrows the scope Implement Exercise Progressions Specific to deficiencies found during the FMS

44 Research J Occup Med Toxicol. Apr 2007. NFL Data 433 firefighters
62% reduction in lost time with intervention 42% reduction in 12-month injury rate NFL Data If FMS score is < 14, and there is an asymmetry, then the probability of suffering a time loss injury increased from 15% (pre-test probability) to just over 50% Scores can be improved with a specific off season training program.

45 Research Intrarater and Interrater Reliability
Minick, KI, Kiesel, KB, Burton, L, Taylor, A, Plisky, P, and Butler, RJ. Interrater reliability of the Functional Movement Screen. J Strength Cond Res 24(2): 479–486, 2010 Teyhen,DS, Donofry DF, Shaffer SW, Walker MJ, Lorenson CL,Dugan JL, Halfpap JP, Childs MD. Functional movement screen: a reliability study in service members. US Army Med Dep J Jul-Sep:71

46 References Cook, Gray Athletic Body in Balance, 2003.

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