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M USIC BY: Nicola Rungrat Giulia Arianna Laura. Instruments that we play at school RecorderSaxophone Guitar.

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Presentation on theme: "M USIC BY: Nicola Rungrat Giulia Arianna Laura. Instruments that we play at school RecorderSaxophone Guitar."— Presentation transcript:

1 M USIC BY: Nicola Rungrat Giulia Arianna Laura

2 Instruments that we play at school RecorderSaxophone Guitar

3 Instruments that we play at school Eletric guitar The Drums

4 THE ORIGINS OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS A musical instrument is a device created or adapted for the purpose of making musical sounds. In principle, any object that produces sound can serve as a musical instrument it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument. The history of musical instruments dates back to the beginnings of human culture. The academic study of musical instruments is called organology. The date and origin of the first device of disputed status as a musical instrument dates back as far as 67,000 years old; artifacts commonly accepted to be early flutes date back as far as about 37,000 years old. However, most historians believe determining a specific time of musical instrument invention to be impossible due to the subjectivity of the definition.sound organology Musical instruments developed independently in many populated regions of the world. However, contact among civilizations resulted in the rapid spread and adaptation of most instruments in places far from their origin. By the Middle Ages, instruments from Mesopotamia could be found in the Malay Archipelago and Europeans were playing instruments from North Africa. Development in the Americas occurred at a slower pace, but cultures of North, Central, and South America shared musical instruments. Images of musical instruments begin to appear in Mesopotamian artifacts in 2800 BC or earlier.Middle AgesMalay Archipelago

5 THE ORIGINS OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Images of musical instruments begin to appear in Mesopotamian artifacts in 2800 BC or earlier. Beginning around 2000 BC, Sumerian and cultures began delineating two distinct classes of musical instruments due to division of labor and the evolving class system. Popular instruments, simple and playable by anyone, evolved differently from professional instruments whose development focused on effectiveness and skill. Despite this development very few instrument have been recovered in Mesopotamia. Scholars must rely on artifacts and cuneiform texts written in Sumerian or Akkadian to reconstruct the early history of musical instruments in Mesopotamia. Even the process of assigning names to these instruments is challenging since there is no clear distinction among various instruments and the words used to describe them. Although Sumerian and Babylonian artists mainly depicted ceremonial instruments, historians have been able to distinguish six idiophones used in early Mesopotamia: concussion clubs, clappers, sistra, bells, cymbals, and rattles. Sistras are depicted prominently in a great relief of Amenhotep III,and are of particular interest because similar designs have been found in far- reaching places such as Tbilisi, Georgia and among the Native American tribe. The people of Mesopotamia preferred stringed instruments to any other, as evidenced by their proliferation in Mesopotamian figurines, plaques, and seals.Sumerian division of laborMesopotamiacuneiform Sumerian Akkadian idiophones sistraAmenhotep IIITbilisiGeorgia

6 FAMOUS ITALIAN SINGERS FABRI FIBRA Fabri Fibra (born Fabrizio Tarducci on 17 October 1976) is an Italian rapper. Tarducci was born in Senigallia, Marche. He became interested in music from a young age; he wrote and performed his first piece when he was 17 years old. ItalianSenigalliaMarchemusic

7 FABRI FIBRA His albums are: Turbe giovanili Rapimento della Vulpa Sindrome di Fine Millennio Pensieri Scomodi Mr. Simpatia Tradimento Bugiardo Chi vuole essere Fabri Fibra? Turbe giovanili Remaster Quorum Controcultura Rap Futuristico EP Venerdì 17

8 LAURA PAUSINI Laura Pausini (Italian pronunciation: [pau ˈ zi ː ni]), omri, (born 16 May 1974, Solarolo, Province of Ravenna, Italy) is one of the most famous and successful Italian singer-songwriters worldwide. She signed to Warner Music Group since 1993. Dubbed the "Queen of Italian pop" by entertainment news outlets, Pausini is famed for her soulful voice and romantic ballads. She is also known for multilingual music productions that span five languagesher native Italian, Spanish, English, Portuguese and French.[pau ˈ zi ː ni]omriSolaroloProvince of Ravenna ItalyItalianWarner Music Group

9 LAURA PAUSINI Her albums are: 1993: Laura PausiniLaura Pausini 1994: LauraLaura 1996: Le cose che vivi / Las cosas que vivesLe cose che vivi / Las cosas que vives 1998: La mia risposta / Mi respuestaLa mia risposta / Mi respuesta 2000: Tra te e il mare / Entre tú y mil maresTra te e il mare / Entre tú y mil mares 2001: From the InsideFrom the Inside 2004: Resta in ascolto / EscuchaResta in ascolto / Escucha 2006: Io canto / Yo cantoIo canto / Yo canto 2008: Primavera in anticipo / Primavera anticipadaPrimavera in anticipo / Primavera anticipada

10 MINA Anna Maria Quaini, Grand Officer (née Mazzini; 25 March 1940), known as Mina, is an Italian pop singer. She was a staple of Italian television variety shows and a dominant figure in Italian pop music from the mid-1960s to mid-1970s known for her three-octave vocal range, the agility of her soprano voice, and her image as an emancipated woman. In performance, Mina combined several modern styles with traditional Italian melodies and swing music, which made her the most versatile pop singer in Italian music. Mina dominated the Italian charts for fifteen years and reached an unsurpassed level of popularity in Italy. She has scored 77 albums and 71 singles on the Italian charts.Grand OfficerItalian popvocal range sopranoemancipated womanswing musicItalian music 77 albums and 71 singles

11 TIZIANO FERRO Tiziano Ferro (born February 21, 1980 in Latina) is an Italian latin pop singer. He also records Spanish versions of his Italian albums. Ferro has sold more than eight million albums worldwide. In 1997, Ferro participated in the Sanremo Music Festival but did not make it past the first week of selections. In 1998, he was among the 12 finalists, and was discovered by two producers, Alberto Salerno and Mara Maionchi. Ferro's 2001 debut album was entitled Rosso Relativo (Spanish: Rojo Relativo). In late 2003, Ferro released his second album, 111 Centoundici. In 2004, he released his first English-language single, "Universal Prayer," in Europe. The single was recorded to promote the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Greece. The song is a duet with British R&B singer Jamelia. In that same year, at the 2004 MTV Europe Music Awards held in Rome, he won Best Italian Act and performed his song "Sere Nere." He also made a guest appearance in the first season of the hit Mexican TV drama Rebelde, and collaborated with Mexican recording singer Myriam on the theme "Dime tú" from her second studio album, Myriam.LatinaItalianlatin popSpanishSanremo Music FestivalRosso Relativo111 CentoundiciEnglish-language 2004 Olympic GamesJameliaMTV Europe Music AwardsRomeRebeldeMyriam

12 ALESSANDRA AMOROSO On October 5, 2008, Amoroso passed the audition for the eighth season of the TV-show Amici di Maria De Filippi, singing the single from Alicia Keys, "If I Ain't Got You". Rudy Zerbi, the chairman of Sony Music Italy, assigned three unpublished singles to Amoroso. She participated in the recording of the compilation disc of the programme, Scialla. "Find a Way" reached the fourth place in the charts, while "Immobile" reached the top position. During the program, the singer distinguished thanks to her voice: all the teachers, especially Luca Jurman, recognized a sandblasted timbre. [ On 25 March 2009, Amoroso was proclaimed winner of Amici di Maria De Filippi, winning the first prize of 200,000 euros. On the same evening, she also received the critics' prize, a scholarship worth 50,000 euros. With this money, Amoroso says she will continue to study with voice teacher Luca Jurman.Alicia KeysIf I Ain't Got YouSony Music ItalyFind a WayImmobileeurosvoice teacher

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