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Graphic Communication

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Presentation on theme: "Graphic Communication"— Presentation transcript:

1 Graphic Communication
CAD/CAG Revision

2 Computer Hardware Processor Input Devices Output Devices
Storage Devices

3 CPU Central Processing Unit
The computers ‘Brain’ A large micro chip that controls the computer and carries out all the instructions and data handling

4 Computer Hardware Input Devices

5 Keyboard Used to input text and numbers into the computer

6 Mouse Used to guide a pointer or cursor around the screen.
Functions are selected with the aid of the control buttons Some mice have a wheel which is used for zoom and scrolling

7 Tracker Ball This device is very similar to a mouse.
It is used where there is little desk space available for a mouse The large ball is on the top of the device and is rotated using the palm of the hand

8 Joystick Used commonly for games
Used in many simulation situations. E.g. Flight and tank simulators

9 Graphics Tablet Used for sketching or tracing drawings into a computer
Uses a puck or a pen to detect the exact position of the cursor on a drawing etc.

10 Digital Stills Camera This camera stores the pictures it takes in digital form. These can the be downloaded to a computer for inclusion in a DTP document etc.

11 Scanner Used to electronically convert paper images to to computer files. Text can be scanned in using OCR (Optical Character Recognition) software Flat bed Scanner Hand held Scanner

12 Computer Hardware Output Devices

13 Flatbed Plotter Only used by CAD programs Produces line drawings
Page size is limited by size of plotter bed Not suitable for printing pictures

14 Drum Plotter Drum plotter are usually used in industry to produce large drawings (up to A0) Paper moves back and forwards while pen moves from side to side

15 Fax/Modem A modem is both an input and output device
Data can be exchanged with drawing offices across the world electronically

16 Storage Devices A PC usually has several methods of storing data on it. These may include a mixture of fixed and removable storage systems

17 Floppy Disc Portable removable storage Only holds 1.44 MB of data
Can be used in most computer systems Easily damaged

18 Hard Drive Large capacity storage
Not portable – build into base unit of computer Fast saving and retrieval of data

19 Zip Disc Similar to floppy disc but greater storage capacity (100 – 250 MB) Portable Not all computers have Zip drives

20 CD Rom High capacity portable storage Needs a CD writer to store data

21 CAD Commands You must know for your exam the following common CAD commands

22 CAD Commands 1 An on screen grid which can be set to any size. Can make it easier to do orthographic drawings An on screen grid which is set at 30 deg. Can make it easier to do Isometric drawings

23 CAD Commands 2 This restricts the start and end points of lines to a predefined grid This allows different types of information to be keep separate on a drawing

24 CAD Commands 3 Allows the drawing of rectangular shapes on screen
Allows a user to increase or decrease the screen view so that they can see more detail

25 CAD Commands 4 Allows the user to copy and position objects or parts of a drawing without having to redraw them Allows the user to draw arcs and circles on screen

26 CAD Commands 5 Fillet puts a radius on a corner (rounded)
Chamfer puts a 45 deg angle on a corner This allows the user to draw circular or rectangular arrangements from a single object

27 CAD Commands 6 Trim/Break removes an unwanted section of line, etc.
Extend makes a line, etc. longer (usually to meet another object) This allows the user to turn an object at any angle about a point

28 CAD Commands 7 This allows the user to change the size of an object This flips an object about the horizontal or vertical axis

Storage and retrieval A completed drawing or series of drawings can be stored on hard drive, floppy disc, Zip disc or CD-R. These formats require less storage space than paper drawings. The drawings can then be printed as many times as required with no deterioration in quality. Ease of modification Companies who use CAG systems have advantages over competitors who rely on more traditional methods of modifying drawings. The ease and speed with which modifications can be made reduce time and costs, which in turn increases productivity. Repetitive elements (library) Drawings can contain a number of repetitive elements such as doors, windows, kitchen fittings and appliances. It is useful to have these items stored in a CAD library file. CAD library files are available for mechanical engineering, architecture and electronics. Items that you design need only be drawn once, saved to a library file, then retrieved and positioned each time they are required on a drawing. This saves time and effort, which increases productivity.

Drawing speed It does take a considerable amount of time and financial investment by companies to train their CAG operators. In relative terms, however, drawing production is much faster using CAG than using traditional methods, so the company will save time and money in the long run. Standardisation of drawings Standardisation of drawings is often determined by drawing standards such as 851. Standardisation of drawing layouts and styles can easily be created in the 'in-house' or corporate style adopted by the operator or the company. Drawing size and flexibility Drawings can be enlarged or reduced with no loss of detail. Extremely fine, detailed work can be produced using commands such as ZOOM. Positive location tools such as GRID, GRID SNAP and ATTACH enable accuracy to be maintained even in the smallest details.

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