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Sibiu, The Cindrelul-Junii Sibiului (Sibiu's Young Men). Folk Ensemble Cindrelul traditional music band and Junii Sibiului traditional dance ensemble were.

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Presentation on theme: "Sibiu, The Cindrelul-Junii Sibiului (Sibiu's Young Men). Folk Ensemble Cindrelul traditional music band and Junii Sibiului traditional dance ensemble were."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sibiu, The Cindrelul-Junii Sibiului (Sibiu's Young Men). Folk Ensemble Cindrelul traditional music band and Junii Sibiului traditional dance ensemble were set up in the 1950s, having earned fame at home and abroad as messengers of the folk song and dance. © ROMPRES Foto/lsabela PAULESCU, 2006

2 Sibiu, The Grand Square In the Middle Ages, the Sibiu craftsmen had their houses and workshops in this square (also known in documents as "circulus parvus") © ROMPRES Foto/Constantin DUMA, 2006

3 Sibiu, The Astra Traditional Folk Civilisation Museum It holds exceptional ethnographic assets: vernacular architecture, pre-industrial technical creation, ethnographic objects. © ROMPRES Foto/lsabela PAULESCU, 2006

4 Sibiu, A panoramic view The medieval buildings preserved in their original shape make Sibiu a major tourist attraction. Sibiu has been declared the 2007 European Cultural Capital © ROMPRES Foto/Constantin DUMA, 2006

5 Sibiu, A panoramic view The city of Sibiu has a nearly 1,000-year written history. Sibiu was for the first time recorded in documents in 1191 © ROMPRES Foto/Paul BUCIUTA, 2006

6 Sibiu, The Fortress Park The Fortress Wall The third fortified belt was built in the 14th century and consolidated in the 17th century © ROMPRES Foto/Paul BUCIUTA, 2006

7 Sibiu, The Fortress Wall The Carpenters' Tower. It was built of stone in the 15th century and consolidated a century later © ROMPRES Foto/Paul BUCIUTA, 2006

8 Sibiu, The Small Square The Cafe del Sol cafe The Square is linked to the Grand Square and the Huet Square by charming narrow tunnels and macadamised streets © ROMPRES Foto/Paul BUCIUTA, 2006

9 Sibiu, The Grand Square The Square is 142-meter long and 93-meter wide, being one of the largest in Transylvania. One should notice the so-called "town's eyes" as the windows built in the roofs are known and which can be best seen in this picture © ROMPRES Foto/ Paul BUCIUTA, 2006

10 Sibiu, Thalia Hall Thalia Hall was built in 1787 by Martin Hochmeister, the initiator of the first bookshop in Romania. It became the first theatre in Romania © ROMPRES Foto/lsabela PAULESCU, 2004

11 Sibiu, The Small Square - The Bridge of Lies This symbol of Sibiu is the first forged iron bridge built in Romania, in 1859, by Fredericus Huette factory. Legend has it that if somebody tells a lie while on the bridge, the construction will collapse © ROMPRES Foto/Paul BUCIUTA, 2006

12 Sibiu, The Grand Square This is the historical centre of Sibiu. The Grand Square was recorded for the first time in 1411 as a grain market. Starting in the 16th century, the Square has become the centre of the old fortress. © ROMPRES Foto/Paul BUCIUTA, 1998

13 Sibiel Located 21 km away from Sibiu, the Sibiel village, the first documentary mention of which dates from the years 700, hosts today Europe's biggest museum of painted glass icons © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

14 Paltinis A permanent tourist resort situated 32 km south-west of Sibiu at an altitude of 1,442 m in a coniferous forest in the Cindrel Mountains, Paltinis is one of the most attractive winter sports resort. It has many ski slopes of various difficulty levels to offer, the most important two of which are also night-lit ski trails © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

15 Sibiu, Goldsmiths Passage Starting from a square bearing the same name, an incredibly beautiful passage links the upper town to the lower town through stairs and archways surrounding the walls of the stronghold nearing the Evangelical Church (remote background) © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

16 Sibiu, The Orthodox Cathedral The cathedral was built between 1902-1906 in a Byzantine style influenced by the architectural concept of the St. Sophia Cathedral of Istanbul, after the plans of architects Nagy Virgil and Kommer Jozsef from Budapest, while the fresco paintings and the iconostasis (icon-screen) were made by Octavian Smigelschi and Arthur Coulin © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

17 Sibiu, Carpenters Tower One of the flanking towers attached to the third enclosure of the circular town, the Carpenters Tower is linked to the Potters Tower through the stronghold's old wall. Sibiu still preserves no less than the towers surrounding the stronghold: the Arquebusiers Tower, the Potters Tower, the Carpenters Tower, the Thick Tower, the Stairs Tower, the Gate Tower, the Gunpowder Tower, the Leather Dressers' Tower © ROMPRES Foto/Eugen ENACHESCU, 1992

18 Sibiu, Evangelical Church Tower Completed in 1494, the Evangelical Church Tower even nowadays dominates the old medieval burg with its picturesque streets, providing magnificent panoramas and the same air views as five centuries ago © ROMPRES Foto/Eugen ENACHESCU, 1992

19 Sibiu, Evangelical Church Tower Built on the ruins of a Roman basilica, in the middle of the 15th century, the church underwent several changes in time. Two porches were added at the beginning of the 16th century. The by that time modest steeple was extended upwards two more levels, then the little tower with stairs leading to the steeple and the galleries which preserve elements of the Renaissance were added © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

20 Sibiel, The Museum of Glass Painted Icons Set up in 1969 from public donations, it houses a valuable collection of glass painted icons from almost all handicraft centres in Romania. The museum also includes wooden icons, peasant ceramics, furniture pieces, home-woven textiles and antique Romanian books © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

21 Paltinis The mountain resort offers hotel and villa accommodation, cable transport facilities, and is an important attraction for mountain lovers and holiday-makers in summer and winter as well. Of the initial nucleus of villas erected in the 19th century, Paltinis resort still preserves The House of Tourists (1894), The House of Doctors (1895), The Monaco Hall (1898) and yet another villa, which are all declared historical monuments © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

22 Sibiu, Nicolae Balcescu Street The pedestrian-only main commercial thoroughfare and promenade of Sibiu citizens, the Nicolae Balcescu street is dominated by massive buildings, most of them dating from the XlXth century © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

23 The Folk Technique Museum in Dumbrava Sibiului Every August, authentic folk artists representing the old handicraft tradition centres and all the trades like weaving, embroidering, wood processing, pottery, wood and glass painting, mask manufacturing, meet at Romania's biggest open air museum © ROMPRES Foto/Mircea HUDECK, 1988

24 The Brukenthal Palace One of Romania's most beautiful baroque style monuments, the Brukenthal Palace was built after the plans of a Viennese architect between 1781-1785. The edifice, that hosts today an impressive collection of paintings, graphic art works, sculptures from the XV-XIX centuries, preserves numerous original elements: pieces of furniture, wood sculptures, tapestry, door handles and locks, tiled stoves and chandeliers. The museum was opened to the public in 1817 © ROMPRES Foto/ Paul BUCIUTA, 2006

25 Sibiu, Blacksmiths' Tower A present image of the medieval town, the Blacksmiths' Tower was built in 1631 on the foundation of an even more ancient Barbers' Tower. Grounding on a rectangular base, the tower is a massive shape when looked at from inside the city walls (caption) but looms especially high when seen from outside. The slightly prominent corbels with boiling pitch hurling holes and gunloops fit even for lightweight cannons create a special decoration for the upper part © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

26 Sibiu, Ocnei Street The lower city developed in circle arcs around the first stronghold; this is where the oldest streets in the town are: Ocnei Street, May 9th Street and the Tower Street © ROMPRES Foto/Cristian NISTOR, 2007

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