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Making Maps Guidelines.

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Presentation on theme: "Making Maps Guidelines."— Presentation transcript:

1 Making Maps Guidelines

2 WHAT IS A MAP? A map simplifies the real world by concentrating on a few key features It is a representation of the earth’s features drawn on a flat surface However, unlike photographs, bc maps can’t show what surface actually looks like. They use symbols and colours to represent features of an area

3 Map Making Skills There are certain features that all maps have on them. There are certain rules that have to be followed Every time you make a map in this course, make sure that you include all the map features and follow the rules. Refer to handout “guide to map making”

4 Map Features Checklist Borders
TITLE (ALL CAPS AND DOUBLE UNDERLINED red) Subtitle (single lined red) Your name The date A legend A scale The Direction

5 Border Borders or margins set the map apart from other information
Guidelines Outline the map Use a ruler!

6 Title A title describes the area shown on the map Guidelines
Upper case Double underlined Name= part of the world the map is showing: CANADA ___________________________ TITLE __________

7 Subtitle A subtitle describes the topic of the map Guidelines
Capitalize first word Single underline Put under TITLE Name= What the map shows EX. Provinces TITLE __________ Provinces

8 Name A name identifies the author Guidelines First Name & Last name
TITLE __________ Provinces John Smith

9 Date A date allows us to know how current the information is
Guidelines Month & Year Or Just Year TITLE __________ Provinces John Smith 2012

10 Legend The legend explains the meaning of the symbols and colours used on the map Guidelines Use colours or symbols Border around it Title=Legend TITLE __________ Provinces John Smith 2012

11 Scale Compares the distance between points on the map and with the actual distance between the points on the earth’s surface. It allows us to measure distance and calculate area. Guidelines -can be shown 3 different ways R-F scale Line Scale Direct Statement Scale TITLE __________ Provinces John Smith 2012

12 Direction North, South, East, West are usually indicated on a map to help us orient ourselves Guidelines Use a direction arrow or symbol Show North TITLE __________ Provinces John Smith 2012

13 Rules of Map Making Include all of the conventions of a map Use pencil
Print all names out in full Write British Columbia, NOT B.C. Use colour Outline coastlines in BLUE Colour lakes in BLUE ALWAYS USE A RULER Use a * for Country’s capital Use a • for the Province capital

14 Map Requirements Take this time to fill in the blanks on your worksheet

15 Map Requirements ANSWERS
Title Legend Scale Direction Border

16 Map Making- Your turn to practice
INSTRUCTIONS Use provided map of Canada Use any resource in the room to help you complete the map accurately (Resources include: textbook, wall maps, atlases, etc Colour all Provinces and Territories & Lakes Label Provinces/Territories Capital cities Oceans Great Lakes Add all map CONVENTIONS Double check you have followed all of the rules Review rubric to double check you have done all required things Hand in Map in bin for marking

17 Types of Maps There are 3 main types of maps General-Purpose Thematic

18 General-Purpose Map Provides many types of information on one map (ROAD MAP) Gives a broad understanding of the location and features of a given area.

19 Thematic Map Shows very specific information on a region
Usually only illustrates one feature (CLIMATE MAP)

20 Topographic Map Most often used to examine the characteristics and detail of a small area Used to show: Physical Features (rivers, forests) Direction and Location (measured in latitude/longitude or grid). Elevation (contour lines/relief). And sometimes: Human Features (political boundaries, roads)

21 Map Scale Maps can either be small scale or large scale
The difference is the amount of detail illustrated 1: 1: SMALL SCALE -small amount detail with a large area LARGE SCALE -large amount of detail of a small area

22 Small Scale vs. Large Scale
Definition Small amount of detail of a large area Typical Scales 1: Purpose Shows more general information (ex. Physical, political, economic info) Examples Wall Map Road Map Definition Large amount of detail of a small area Typical Scale 1: Purpose Used for more detailed tasks (ex. Residential planning, military operations Examples Zoning Map Trail map


24 General Purpose and large scale
ANSWER G= General Purpose and large scale

25 A B C D E F Map Quiz For Each Map Record: The TYPE of map and
The SCALE (sm. Or Lg.) of the Map A B C D E F

26 B C A F D E Map Quiz-ANSWERS General Purpose Large Scale Thematic
Small scale Topographic Small scale F D E General Purpose Small scale Thematic Large scale Topographic Large Scale

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