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Rococo and the 18th Century

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Presentation on theme: "Rococo and the 18th Century"— Presentation transcript:

1 Rococo and the 18th Century
…begins in France and spreads through Europe

2 It continued to be a time of great advancements
Rococo The Age of Enlightenment - reasoning and intellect It continued to be a time of great advancements

3 The Age of Enlightenment
Mozart, Bach, and Vivaldi revolutionized music Technology: the Industrial Revolution Giant steps in science The New World was expanding Swift and Voltaire influenced literature, philosophy, and satire.

4 From dramatic & regal Baroque to delicate & playful Rococo

5 Rococo Pretty pastel colors

6 Rococo often portrays aristocracy in frivolous, exotic, fantasy worlds.

7 Rococo fun and lighthearted. Art made to entertain the higher class.
“…let them eat cake” attitude of the rich

8 Rococo elaborate ornamentation François de Cuvilles, Hall of Mirrors
Munich, Germany, early 18th century

9 Antoine Watteau Leading Rococo painter. Born in Flanders, lived in France. Influenced by Rubens.

10 Rococo Fete Galante 18th century French style of painting that depicts the aristocracy walking through a forested landscape

11 Watteau Famous for fetes galantes, festive gatherings of aristocrats relaxing and enjoying life.

12 Return from Cythera,1720; 4’x6’
Antoine Watteau Return from Cythera,1720; 4’x6’ a group of lovers preparing to depart from the island of eternal youth and love, sacred to Aphrodite.

13 Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717.

14 Watteau Gilles, oil on canvas. Depicts a lonely actor in costume but with nowhere to go. He is contradicted by happy people conversing behind him.

15 Rococo Boucher was a follower of Watteau Francois Boucher,
Cupid a Captive, 1754

16 Boucher Was also influenced by Rubens.
Venus Consoling Love, 1751, oil on canvas.

17 Boucher Depicts Venus consoling a fussy Cupid. Two other Cupids watch. The use of pinks, blonde hair, and silky textures give this a cheerful feeling.

18 Rococo Boucher, Marquise de Pompadour, 1756.

19 Fragonard The Swing, 1766; 35”x32”. Oil on canvas. Frilly patterns- branches/dress=lively feeling A student of Boucher

20 Rococo Fragonard was a student of Boucher
Fragonard, The Swing, 35”x32” 1766 Rococo Fragonard was a student of Boucher

21 Rigaud Focuses on King Louis XIV’s power. elaborate showy
Louis XIV, 1701; 9’x8’. Oil on canvas.

22 English William Hogarth was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist. Much of his work, though at times vicious, poked fun at contemporary politics and customs. William Hogarth, Self-Portrait with Pug-Dog

23 English Hogarth was very popular in his day.
He made $ from his prints so he didn’t have to be worried about upsetting his patrons with his biting wit. William Hogarth, Self-Portrait with Pug-Dog

24 English Hogarth was influenced by Flemish and Dutch genre paintings.
He enjoys poking fun at the upper-class Hidden messages

25 Hogarth Time Smoking a Picture, 1761, etching. Picture in a picture.

26 Father Time “smokes” a painting onto a canvas
Father Time “smokes” a painting onto a canvas. Smoke is used to make the painting older than it really is, a way of fraudulently increasing its value. Hogarth shows his opposition to art for profit’s sake.

27 William Hogarth, A Rake’s Progress (etching), 1735.

28 Hogarth, from Marriage a la Mode, 1745
He tells stories through series of paintings

29 Hogarth, from Marriage a la Mode, 1743.

30 Sir Joshua Reynolds the most important 18th century English painter, specializing in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. Sir Joshua Reynolds, Miss Elizabeth Ingram

31 Reynolds English An intellectual- wrote on Art Theory 2,000 portraits
Painter for King George III Reynolds Portrait Of Richard Peers Symons 1770.

32 reminiscent of Watteau in its soft-hued light and feathery brushwork.
English Gainsborough reminiscent of Watteau in its soft-hued light and feathery brushwork. Thomas Gainsborough, Mrs. Richard Brinsley, 1787.

33 Gainsborough English portrait painter- over 700 exist.
Likes to set his portraits in landscape. Shiny, silky textures Filtered light Blue Boy, 1770. Oil on canvas

34 Gainsborough English, painted nature & portraits
Mr. & Mrs. Andrews, Oil on canvas; 1750

35 Reynolds Gainsborough

36 Architecture Before Rococo architecture, buildings were very geometric.. More curves and ovals Interiors are designed to be ornate and “frilly.” Ceilings and walls are usually gilded with gold.

37 Rococo Architecture No straight lines in Rococo.
Architecture as sculpture

38 Rococo Boffrand, Salon de la Princesse Paris, France,1740

39 Poppelmann Zwinger, Dresden, Germany, design was based on Vitruvian proportions. Some Classical elements

40 Zimmermann Wieskirche, Germany A pilgrimage church with a plain exterior but elaborate interior.

41 Zimmermann Wieskirche, Bovaria. The ceiling’s painted surfaces merge with the architecture in an illusionistic way.

42 English The Chiswick House is one of the most glorious examples of 18th century British neo-Palladian architecture. Richard Boyle designed a Classical villa. The Chiswick House, near London 1725

43 Palladio, Villa Rotonda, 1570.
High Italian Renaissance Palladio dominated the architectural style of the 1700’s

44 Palladio, Villa Rotonda, 1570.
High Italian Renaissance Palladio wrote The Four Books of Architecture that would greatly influence American colonies later. Villa Rotonda includes Roman and Etruscan influence

45 Palladio Villa Rotonda, 1570. Italian High Renaissance
Richard Boyle (Lord Burlington) Chiswick House, c1729. ENGLISH

46 Effects of the Rococo Period
Rococo gave way to The Neoclassical Style late in the 18th century. The Rococo Style disappeared after the French Revolution in 1789. still some remains of Rococo influence in architecture, especially Churches and palaces.

47 The Neoclassical style of the next generation thought that the Rococo style was decadent and amoral…

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