Presentation on theme: "Erica Carcelen, Hunter Richey, and Katrina Sahawneh"— Presentation transcript:
1 Erica Carcelen, Hunter Richey, and Katrina Sahawneh New England ColoniesErica Carcelen, Hunter Richey, and Katrina Sahawneh
2 Religion Puritan Witch Trials Believed in Calvinism Conducted many witch trials, especially Salem, MassachusettsBelieved witches had joined with the devil and were to do what the devil askedBelieved witches would send outtheir spirits to torture othersHuge amount of people sent toprison or executedPeople realized many of theaccused were innocentGovernor Phips decides to end thetrials
3 Government Under British rule Charter of New England United the New England ColoniesCreated a council to lead the colonies appointed by the peoplePresident of the council elected by council membersStated that those associated with the Roman Church would not be allowed inSome colonies also had individual chartersCharter of Massachusetts Bay, Charter of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
4 EconomyDependent on English assistance with sending in supplies and commodities.The wealthy were merchants who traded with other countries or with the native Americans.The poorer were fishermen or raised livestock.The colonists were dependent on tradeThere was no cloth to make clothingThe colonies traded the food that they raised or grew for materials used to make clothing or other products.From: Letter to William Pond, A Letter to Father and Mother (1631)
5 Lifestyle Lived simple, hardworking lives. Cut timber for houses and raised livestock for foodDependent on the EnglishEnglish ships brought vital supplies that they neededMany are subject to diseaseScurvy, burning feverDrank nothing but water to start with, unless tea was availableReligious, as shown when they celebrate Micahelmas.Many colonists left family members behind in England, and wrote to them, sending letters back on shipsLetter to William Pond, A Letter to Father and Mother (1631)
6 Lifestyle (continued) Education was important, but there was little opportunity and time only during the winter.Parents taught children how to read so that they could read the Bible. Puritans thought that reading was essential because a minister could deceive people.Houses were built for heat retention during the winter: small windows, low ceilings, central fireplace.Most common houses were one room for lower class, or two stories with two or three rooms on each story for the upper class.
7 Marriage and Relationships Death rates were high among both children and adults.This caused many remarriages because two people were needed to run a household. Teenagers were often unrelated to the people raising them.Sleeping with someone outside of marriage was a crime; adultery received the death sentence.Governor Winthrop recorded a trial of a woman caught in adultery in his diary.Bundling was a courting custom were the couple who were deciding whether or not to get married would get into bed together clothed (“in order to prevent scandal”).After that, they either decide to marry, or probably never see each other again. If a child was conceived, however, a marriage would take place no matter what.
8 Culture Food: Leisure time: Receipt for a Battalia Pie Pork was the main meat staple, with vegetables added in forms of stews of pot roast.Beer was the main beverage.Leisure time:The lower class did not have time to do much other than work, but they played games such as billiards, draughts, dominoes, and whist.The upper class had more leisure time because they did not have to work as much, and so could socialize more often.Receipt for a Battalia Pie“Take four small chickens, and squab pigeons, four suckling rabbits, cut them in pieces, and season them with savory spice, lay them in the pie, with four sweetbreads sliced, as many sheeps tongues and shivered palates, two pair of lambs stones, twenty or thirty cockscombs, with savory balls and oysters; lay on butter, and close the pie with a lear.”Susannah Carter, The Frugal Housewife
9 ClothingClothes:Woman of the working class wore long dresses that allowed the greatest mobility. Hats and aprons were almost always worn. Rich ladies would have the same basic design, but would be more complex with decoration and color.Working men wore breeches and a leather doublet, leather being cheap and durable protection. Rich men, again, had more ornate clothes.Wigs were very common. The styles varied during the time period.
10 Works Cited“Letter to William Pond, A Letter to Father and Mother.”Swarthmore.edu. 15 March Web. 18 November <http://www.swarthmore.edu/SocSci/bdorsey1/41docs/17- pon.html>William Phips. “Two Letters of Governor William Phips.” Law.umkc.edu. University of Missouri-Kansas City Web. 17 November <http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/ASA_LETT. HTM>“The Charter of New England:1620.” The Avalon Project. Yale Law School Web. 17 November <http://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th_century/mass01.asp>EyeWitness to History.com. Ibis Communications, Inc., Web. 30 NovArchiving Early America. Ed. Don Vitale Web. 1 Nov