2 The Empire’s Chief City Rome Carefully planned city with over 1 million people within its populationWealthy Romans lived in large homes on the city’s hillsMost Romans lived in crowded, noisy, dirty neighborhoodsTo gain the support of Rome’s poor, political leaders offered “bread and circuses”
3 The Roman Family When Rome was a republic, large families were common The father held all the power within the familyIn later times, fathers lost some of that power, families had fewer children and Roman were more likely to get divorced and remarryWealthy Roman children were given an education at homeAs they grew, only boys received further education outside of the home. Poor families received no education
4 Science and ArtIn science, Romans were influenced by a Greek named Galen, he emphasized the importance of anatomyPtolemy was an important Roman scientist. He focused on the motion of planets and starsPtolemyGalen
5 Engineering SkillsThe Roman’s built roads that allowed the soldiers to travel quickly to different regionsMerchants used the roads for travel and tradeThe engineers also built aqueducts which carried water over long distances to people within the cities
6 Art and Architecture Greek sculptures differed from Roman sculptures While Greek statues were meant to reflect perfection in people, Roman statues showed flaws such as wrinkles and wartsVaulted ceilings were designed by placing arches next to each other in rowsThe use of volcanic ash, lime and water made for an extremely sturdy mixture used on many ancient buildings that still stand today.
7 LiteratureRomans respected writers and philosophers. They were continuously searching for the meaning of lifeThe Romans honored their gods, but, also wrote comedies about them.They were not afraid to poke fun at the gods, political leaders and heroes
8 Theatre and LanguageOne of the most popular past times in Rome was attending playsAll roles were played by men. Women were only permitted to play as mimesLatin became the language for government, trade and learning until about a.d. 1500