Where are these poor people Latur Usmanabad Orissa Bihar Mumbai Pune Africa, China, USA!! Everywhere….
Knowing the world we live in….. Norwegian diplomat Charung Gollar was asked to present the UN with a graphical representation highlighting the main problems in the world in 2004. He presented a set of 8 pictures entitled "The power of stars" and was applauded for the simplicity of his idea.
Poor People Less than 1 dollor per day…per day!! 16,000 kids dying every day with hunger or poverty related diseases which is a 11 children every seconds!! 1 billion people are below poverty line..and they die at the age when we graduate, when we start earning and when we start talking about security in terms of money in life.. ????????????? What are we talking about??
Against all these issues are we talking about sustainability?? Can we?? Can we include poor and disadvantaged, earning less than a $ a day in the issues around sustainability? Can we deal with very powerful, subtle political clout working between North-South dilemma? I think these issues are CROSS DISCIPLINE They simply just dont talk in isolation about Architecture, medicine, engineering or for that matter Any discipline in isolation…..
Sustainability?? Yes, there are models of poor countries which reacted Intelligently, worked on their own issues, worked with their own experts, and Created amazing models which challenged the western world!!
One of the index for development or sustainability across globe is Considered to be Infant Mortality Rate How many children die before they reach the age of 1 year.. India---71 And if you are unlucky then you are born in Iraq, Yemen, East Timor and several other countries Where its believed to be more than 200 or 250….
CUBA ---- USA Cuba 3000 $ USA 40,000 $ And Cuba is just 90 miles away from USA
Future building markets Carbon taxes, eco-labeling and emissions trading may all be realistic options in a world striving to achieve ecologically sustainable development to counter the growing impact of human activity resulting in land degradation, loss of natural eco-systems and global warming.
The challenge was How to Compare Monitor Develop scientific assessment Develop tools that will carry out these issues simple and manageable Assessment Tools
Scandanavia BEAT 2000 Gro Harlem Brunddtland PM Norwe first attempted sustainable building initiative in 1972 Finland: Granlund LCA-Tool Software Pimwag: Finland
BREEAM, 1990 DEVELOPED BY- BRE (Building Research Establishment) NATURE OF THE SYSTEM All the issues in EcoHomes are optional flexible and enabling developers to adopt the most appropriate aspects of sustainability for their particular development and market. considers the broad environmental concerns of climate change, resource use and impact on wildlife, and balances these against the need for a high quality of life, and a safe and healthy internal environment. ASSESSMENT Assessments are undertaken by licensed assessors, who are trained and monitored by BRE environmental performance expressed on a scale of Pass to Excellent Different stages of assessment –Stage 1 – Assessment of specification: –Stage 2 – Assessment of house types: –Stage 3 – Assessment of development: This stage completes the assessment as it covers all remaining issues, such as ecological value of the site and transport.
Holland: DCBA method Rotterdam 1995: Sustainable Building Plan: Investing in Future –Investing in health x health as an investment Different levels of intervention –Autonomous situation, near ZERO impact on environment –Little impact –Conventional Construction but with reduced damage –Conventional construction
France HQE Denomination The tool is based on 14 target areas, grouped in to 4 themes, namely –Environmental construction –Environmental management –Comfort –Health
Minergie, Swiss The Swiss building sectors use of energy breaks down as follows: –Heating, ventilation and air conditioning 65% –Construction 15% –Hot water consumption 10% –Electricity Consumption 10%
LEED DEVELOPED BY-US Green Building Council. NATURE OF THE SYSTEM voluntary consensus-based market-driven based on existing proven technology evaluates environmental performance from a "whole building" perspective over a building's life cycle based on accepted energy and environmental principles open to public scrutiny designed for rating new and existing commercial, institutional, and high rise residential buildings. ASSESSMENT self-assessment feature-oriented system credits are earned for satisfying each criteria. Different levels of green building certification are awarded based on the total credits earned. comprehensive in scope, yet simple in operation.
LEEDBREEAMMINESOTAHK-BEAM COMPARISON OF VARIOUS TOOLS
Background/ Needs Environmental Building and Construction contributes over 35% of the worldwide CO 2 Emissions Social Bad quality of houses Sprawling slums Growing population Economical Lack of jobs Huge Opportunities in construction sector
Objective To develop practical indicators to assess the overall sustainability of building practices based on Ecological, Social and Financial principles, which architects and designers across the globe can easily use. To enter the indicators defined by STAKEHOLDERS in the building sector making it participatory tool in Sustainable Building Industry.
Methodology Participatory Stakeholder Based workshop at regional level Expected output of workshop: Participatory Selection of Indicators Definition of Units of Measurements for Indicators Rating of Indicators – Definition of Best Practices Added value for stakeholders: Common understanding about Sustainable Building Practice Tool specified for Cuban context free of use on the Internet Selling arguments to donor when future project cross checked by SBET
Stakeholder workshops at regional levels Western Maharashtra Gujarat Pondicherry / Sri Lanka Two regional workshops in each region First workshop - validation of methodology, selection of indicators Second workshop – refinement of indicators and finalization of practical evaluation tool Workshops Architects, Engineers, structural consultants, builders, material manufacturers and government officers Masons, village community, women of the household -Urban building practices - Rural housing
Stakeholder group: Building professionals, user community, government, builders Stakeholder group Core group Definition of Critical Indicators Application of Indicators in Case Studies Enlarged Stakeholder group Core group Local nodal agency Process Initiating agency Resource Group Final indicators and measurement methodology Sustainable Building Evaluation Tool Process Initiating agency Local nodal agency workshop I workshop II preliminary application of SBET phase Process Initiating agency Resource Group People Process
Urban INDICATORS Energy KWHr/ sq.m/n year Waste generated KG/ year/ sq.m Water management Kiloliters/ sq.m/ year Renewable energy % of total daily energy consumption CO 2 emissions Tonnes/ sq.m Employment generated/ skills upgraded index Mandays/ sq.m User response index Recognition/ awareness index Labour welfare index Social cost of degradation Appropriate technology index Average of scores on the scale of Excellent- Good-Fair-Poor- deserves rejection Net investment Rupees / sq.m Operation and maintenance Rupees / sq.m / year Return on investment Years Investment in renewable Ratio energy systems Ecological Social Financial
Rural INDICATORS Efficiency materials and structure, space design Safety natural calamities, environmental extremes, durability Environment consequences of material production and usage, regeneration Local material local manufacturing, procurement distance Community in process, decision making, womens participation Participation Local skills skill upgradation, development in nearby villages Design provision of basic amenities, cultural integration Location proximity to basic amenities, healthy surroundings Financial gain income generation, credit worthiness Ecological Social Financial
Preliminary application of the SBET is critical for fine tuning the tool and practical adjustments Documentation of case studies in urban and rural context by committed core groups in the two regions Case Studies Urban- residential, institutional, industrial …9 case studies Rural housing projects …4 case studies
Replicable methodology for other regions Initiate the SBP process with decision making bodies- a strong driver for incorporating sustainability issues in urban development Awareness among students In rural context- a tool for community empowerment Training modules for CBOs and NGOs to implement the process in habitat activities Used by donor agencies to understand the impact of interventions Global exchange in web enabled environments, online workshops Future Action
Dissemination Strategy SBP Workshop Methodology India Cuba RSA Pune Gujarat Stellenbouch1st 2 nd ?? Sri-Lanka Batiacola Indicators for SBP in different contexts www.SBET.ch Internet community
PRCATICAL ASPECT OF SBET Proposal to the financial institutions such as HDFC/ICICI to lower interest rates on loans given to sustainable housing projects in order to promote eco housing. To the Municipal corporation as an institute for approval norms of eco Construction and setting up benchmarks for region specific building designs. Try to integrate SBET with the courses in various colleges
1.Validate syllabus with stakeholders (survey) 2.Benchmark of present achievement of outcomes (also gives info on what faculty is willing & able to do) 3.Broader discussion (exposure, buy-in, commitment) 4.Develop framework (Approximate structure & sequence) 5.Commissions to course coordinator/owner 6.Course coordinators develop detailed plan of course (learning objectives etc) 7.Feedback & convergence -> Final mapping 8.Implementation 9.Evaluation/assurance 10.Certification SBET course over the internet…
Todays architect Not only text books and studio Politically extremely aware Socially responsible Academically perfect Multi-disciplinary attitude Nationalistic what is good for me and what is bad! Strategic Spectrum of life:: Poor-Rich, Urban-Poor