2 Content The Slovak system of Education Going to school in Britain Slovak vs British schoolA school and a classroomTypical lessonWays of learning foreign languagesSimulationClassroom rulesUseful vocabulary 1, 2, 3WorksheetEssay - Ideal school
4 The Slovak school system School attendace is compulsory from the age of 6 to 16Most children attend state schools, which are free of charge. But there were founded some private and church schools in last two years.All schools are co-educational.The school year starts in September and ends in June.There are two terms with a couple of weeks holidays at Christmas and Easter.Education in our country includes these stages:Pre – school educationPrimary educationSecondary educationTertiary educationFor those who do not want to enter the university there are various types of two-year training courses such as for managers, businessmen, social workers, specialized nurses or language experts.
5 Pre – school educationis provided by crechés (up to 3)and nursery schools (3 – 6)Primary educationPrimary schools are for children from 6 to 16 years. There are some primary schools which are connected with secondary grammar schools.Secondary educationgrammar schools – with general & rather academic education which prepare students for university study.special schools which include technical colleges, specialized in building, chemistry, engineering etc., business academics, agricultural schools, nursing schools, music and art schools which offer professional educationvocational schools training would-be workers for practical jobs.
6 Secondary education is finished with a school-leaving examination which is required by all universities and colleges.It is taken in four subjects at grammar schools, and in five or more subjects at specialized schools. Written and oral form.After the graduates have passed their school leaving exam they receive the School-Leaving Certificate.Tertiary educationIt lasts from 4 to 6 years. In last form of secondary schools students choose a university to continue studying on. They must pass an entrance examination in the subjects in which the university specializes.The university students can enrol at three-year courses for a Bachelor’s Degree or four and five-year courses for a Master’s Degree. Medicine usually takes 6 years.Doctoral degrees are awarded after another few years of study, which may be also individual, and completion of another thesis.
7 Compare the Slovak school system with the British school system What is different? Focus on types ofschools, subjects, school days, classes.
8 Slovak vs British schools School day:9 a.m. – 3.30, 4 p.m.; 3 double periods; 1 period = 35 minutes, 5 breaks: 1 break = 25 min., lunch break = 1 hour,Class: usually 35 students; streaming – a group of 8 – 12 students according abilitiesThe system of grading is based on letters: A, B, C, D, F.Students do not get daily grades, they get a report card four times a year.School day:8 a.m. – 2, 2.30 p.m.; 6 – 7 lessons, 1 lesson = 45 minutes, 5-6 breaks from 10 to 20 minutes between the classes.Class: usually 34 studentsNo uniformsGrading is based on numbers: 1 – 5Students get daily grades based on a student’s day’s performanceStudents get a school report twice a year.
9 Describe your school and your classroom in details.
10 A schoolSchool buildings are usually large buildings with a few floors.In the basement/ or on the ground floor there are: cloakrooms, a boiler room, a work shop, a school canteen, a fitness centre, a snack-bar, a caretaker’s flat, and a gymnasium.On the other floors there are long hallways, classrooms, teachers’ offices, laboratories, a common room, the head’s and deputy head’s offices, the administrative office, a school library, computer rooms, toilets.The hallways are decorated with pictures, flowers, there are notice-boards, some cabinets and glass-cases.
11 A classroomLarge windows, rows of school desks and chairs with two aisles in between, a blackboard, a shelf with coloured and white chalk, a sponge, a cloth, a teacher’s desk, a bookcase, a notice board, a few pictures, a wash basin, a waste-paper basketSpecial equipment or aids in special classrooms such as chemistry, biology, physics laboratory, a music and an art room.For teaching foreign languages a language lab with is especially equipped with various audio-visual aids, such as maps, a CD player, a screen and a video, DVD player.Some schools also have an assembly hall.
13 A lessonAfter the bell, when the teacher enters the room, the pupils or students stand up to greet him/her.He makes an entry in the class register, marks absent students and then starts the lesson with revision of the previous lesson.The teacher might examine the pupils individually, they are asked to do an exercise, explain a problem, respond to teacher’s questions or sometimes the whole class takes a written test.The performance of the students who excel is usually perfect, they are fluent and creative. Sometime the performance is rather disappointing. The reasons differ from not paying attention in class, not doing homework regularly, copying it, cutting classes, not working systematically.After the teacher explains a new subject matter and practices it with exercises. Before the end of the lesson he sums up the topic and sets the assignments for the next lesson.Some students stay at school after school hours and take part in after-school activities such as singing, drama club, games, etc.
14 Think of different ways of learning foreign languages. Say which of them you prefer and why.
15 Ways of learning foreign languages Take different language courses at the language schoolExchange coursesAu-pair, work abroadDifferent methods/approaches – somebody has to read a lot, watching films in English with subtitles, listening to English songs
16 SimulationA friend of yours has problems with learning. Talk about your study habits and how you prepare for tests or exams. Say when you prefer studying, how (lying down, sitting at the desk) and with whom, whether you listen to music, speak aloud while learning, etc. Which ones would you recommend him/her most? Explain.
17 Classroom rules Give some examples of classroom rules. Do you think any school rules are unfair?
18 Look at the following lists of useful vocabulary. Use dictionary to translate those you do not understand.
19 Useful vocabulary Study Students, teachers Apply for a place to study Sit for an entrance examinationEnroll at universityA history major studentGive a lecture on stRead a paperTake a crash courseDo one’s assignmentPick up stCramSit up lateDegree/Graduation ceremonyStudents, teachersUndergraduate, post-graduate studentFull/part time studentFresher, freshman – sophomore – junior – final-year studentStudent teachingDrop out after one’s first yearRepeat one’s yearLecturer, tutorHead of the departmentDean, sub-deanRector
20 Useful vocabulary Class Talk in class Cut classes Arrive late for classesForm/gradeExplain new subject matterSum up the topicTake part in extracurricular activitiesMake an entry in the class registerMark the pupils present, absent or lateSet a paper/testHand in one’s essayDeadlineExamination, performanceCall on sbQuestion sb about stCorrect responseBe accurate in stTake an exam in stFail/flunk the subjectMake a great effortCram for the examHave straight A’sMake slow progressGet a bad school report/report card (Am)Copy, cribSpoil sb’s chances of entering university
21 Useful vocabulary Reward, punishment, discipline PraiseScold for doing st badPunish severelySummon a parent to schoolKeep in detention for talking in classKeep in school after hoursCorporal punishmentExpel from schoolDrop out – he’s a dropoutTalk back – cheekyTease schoolmatesBully smaller boysPlay pranks on sbGood & bad qualities of Ss & TsHardworking, gifted, talentedExceptional, he’s got the brainsPatient, enthusiasticInattentive, average, slow worker, carelessStimulate sb into an interest in stDevelop the power of logical reasoningTrain sb to be a good citizenA model for young peopleIdeal teacher with a sense of humourExperienced teacher