2 Categories of Hazardous Chemicals CorrosiveFlammableToxicReactiveBiological (infectious)Carcinogen (cancer-causing)RadioactiveI. Background for the Trainer:If an MSDS is available for a specific chemical, distribute it to the class or read the information that applies.II. Speaker’s Notes:Companies must keep inventories of their hazardous chemicals.This inventory will allow companies to determine which categories of chemicals they have.Most of this information should be covered in a company’s Hazard Communication Program.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
4 How to Handle Chemicals Properly Use cautionsAlways follow proceduresRead all labelsKeep yourself and the work area cleanPlan aheadI. Speaker’s Notes:Handling chemicals safely involves a lot of common sense; however, learning and understanding specifics about the chemical is very important.Always use caution when using chemicals. Follow all the proper procedures every time. Taking shortcuts could result in accidents.The first thing you should do before using any chemical is to read the container label —it will give you the basic hazards and precautions associated with the chemical.Plan ahead when using chemicals. Have all the PPE, equipment, and other items you need nearby.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
6 Symptoms of Possible Overexposure Eye discomfortBreathing difficultyDizzinessHeadacheNauseaVomitingSkin irritationI. Speaker’s Notes:Should you or anyone you know suffer any of these symptoms while working with chemicals, seek medical attention immediately and report the incident to your supervisor.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
7 Incompatible Chemicals Flammables and oxidizersFlammables and any ignition sourceAcids and cyanidesStrong acids and strong alkalinesConcentrated acids and waterOrganic solvents and corrosivesCorrosives and other reactive materialsI. Speaker’s Notes:Severe consequences can result from mixing the chemicals listed on this slide.These events include:FireExplosionChemical ReactionsRelease of Heat (Energy)Splashing and SpatteringDegradation of materialsCopyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
8 Agencies That Regulate Hazardous Chemical Storage Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)Department of Transportation (DOT)I. Speaker’s Notes:Companies that use hazardous chemicals will be regulated by any and all of these agencies, depending on the specific use.OSHA deals with the productive use of chemicals.NFPA deals with flammable and combustible chemicals.EPA deals with wastes associated with hazardous chemicals.DOT deals with the transportation of hazardous chemicals.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
9 Handling Flammable Chemicals Keep containers closed when not in useKeep away from ignition sourcesAvoid contact with incompatible materialsOnly transfer to approved containersBond all receiving containersClean up spills and dispose of waste properlyI. Speaker’s Notes:Flammable chemicals are widely used in industry.It is important that companies that use these chemicals understand storage and use requirements.Bonding receiving containers will dissipate static electricity and prevent explosion.During any spill response, make sure only nonsparking tools are used and that any potential ignition sources are eliminated.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
10 Proper Storage of Flammable Chemicals Ensure that storage areas meet regulatory requirementsReplace all bung caps with drum vents after receiving containersGround all drums properlyStore quantities in approved storage rooms and cabinetsStore only in small quantitiesI. Speaker’s Notes:Make sure all storage containers are approved for use with flammable materials.Grounding and venting are important for reducing the likelihood of fire or explosion.If barrels or drums are heated and build up pressure, they can blast off like a rocket.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
11 General Safety TipsNever eat, drink, or smoke while using hazardous chemicalsUse personal protective equipment as requiredMake sure all chemical containers are properly labeledAlways wash up after using chemicalsI. Background for the Trainer:Show examples of personal protective equipment that can be used when handling chemicals.II. Speaker’s Notes:Always practice good personal hygiene when using chemicals.Always respect the chemicals you handle.If you do not know what a chemical is, or have not been trained to use it, don’t use it.Be sure to wash thoroughly with soap and water after using any chemical.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
12 General Safety Tips (cont.) Never smell or taste a chemical to identify itKnow all emergency procedures and equipmentAlways read labels’ MSDSs prior to useStore all hazardous chemicals properlyAlways use hazardous chemicals as intendedI. Speaker’s Notes:Prior to using a chemical, obtain all available information so that you have additional information about the chemical.To identify any chemical, read the label and refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet. These tools will give you all the information you need to work safely with the chemical.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
13 Primary Container Labels Identity of the hazardous chemicalAppropriate hazard warningsName and address of the manufacturer or importerTarget organ effectsI. Speaker Notes:Chemical labels give you basic information at a glance, including:The identity of the chemicalThe hazard warningsThe name and address of the manufacturerTarget organ effects, or the organs of your body that could be harmed by using the chemical.You can not deface the manufacturer’s label or cover it with a label of your own.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
15 Handling Chemical Emergencies Know emergency phone numbersKnow how to control the spillKnow proper equipment shutdown procedureKnow proper evacuation routes and assembly areasI. Background for the Trainer:If your company has existing emergency procedures for dealing with chemicals, show it to the class at this time.II. Speaker’s Notes:If employees are uncertain how to handle the emergency, they should evacuate the area and let someone else handle it.Information on this slide is contained in our Emergency Action Plan. It’s covered by a different OSHA standard, 29 CFRCopyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
16 What Emergency Personnel Should Know Emergency cleanup and disposal measuresRequired protective equipmentUse of cleanup equipmentFirefighting and other emergency measures (i.e., first aid)Use of other emergency equipmentI. Speaker’s Notes:Even if outside personnel perform emergency services relative to a chemical spill, the owner of the company must ensure that proper emergency procedures are followed.All nontrained personnel should stay away from the emergency area.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
17 First Aid for Chemicals in the Eyes Don’t rub the eyesHold eyelids open and flush with water for 15 minutesBe careful not to contaminate the other eyeSeek additional medical attentionI. Background for the Trainer:If you have a NIOSH Pocket Guide for Hazardous Chemicals available, show it to the class and discuss the section on first-aid response for a familiar chemical.Point out where eyewash stations are located within the facility.II. Speaker’s Notes:This information can also be found on almost any material safety data sheet for a given chemical.If you do not know first-aid procedures and have not been properly trained, do not attempt to perform first aid on a victim.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
18 First Aid for Chemicals on the Skin Flush area with lukewarm water for 15 minutesRemove clothing and jewelry from burn areaSeek additional medical attentionI. Background for the Trainer:Point out where emergency chemical wash stations are location in the facility.Inform employees where emergency phone numbers are posted.II. Speaker’s Notes:Follow these procedures as outlined.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
20 First Aid for Chemical Ingestion Induce vomiting only if told to do so by Poison ControlGet immediate medical attentionI. Background for the Trainer:Give out the number of Poison Control in your area. Be sure employees write it down and post the number in plain sight as well.II. Speaker’s Notes:Follow these procedures as outlined.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
21 QuizTwo primary routes of exposure to hazardous chemicals are ___________________ and ___________________.Gas, liquids, and aerosols are the three states of hazardous materials. True or FalseThe Department of Transportation does not regulate hazardous chemicals. True or FalseTwo dangerous incompatible materials are_______________ and cyanides.Flammables and oxidizers should never be stored together. True or FalseSecondary container labels should include _________ and hazard warning information.Three symptoms of overexposureto hazardous chemicals are ____________, ____________, and ____________.Carcinogens are chemicals that cause birth defects in unborn children. True or FalseFlammables should always be used away from sources of ________________________________.If a chemical has been used by a company before, the containers do not have to be labeled. True or FalseI. Background for the Trainer:Handout the quiz copies. Go over the questions verbally and have the employees write their answers on their quiz sheets.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
22 Quiz AnswersThe primary routes of exposure to hazardous chemicals are inhalation, ingestion, absorption, and injection.False. Liquids, solids, gases, and vapors are the four states of hazardous materials.False. The Department of Transportation does regulate hazardous chemicals.Two dangerous incompatible materials are acids and cyanides.True. Flammables and oxidizers are incompatible and should never be stored together.Secondary container labels should include the identity of the material and hazard warning information.Three symptoms of overexposure to hazardous chemicals are eye discomfort, breathing difficulty, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting and skin irritation.False. Carcinogens are chemicals that can cause cancer.Flammables should always be used away from sources of ignition.False. Even if a chemical has been used before, it must always be labeled if it is hazardous.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.
23 Quiz Answers (cont.)6. Secondary container labels should include the identity of the material and hazard warning information.7. Three symptoms of overexposure to hazardous chemicals are eye discomfort, breathing difficulty, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting and skin irritation.8. False. Carcinogens are chemicals that can cause cancer.9. Flammables should always be used away from sources of ignition.10. False. Even if a chemical has been used before, it must always be labeled if it is hazardous.Copyright ã1999 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.