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Safety Moment Collection of the Joint Safety Team at the University of Minnesota, Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemical Engineering and Material.

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Presentation on theme: "Safety Moment Collection of the Joint Safety Team at the University of Minnesota, Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemical Engineering and Material."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safety Moment Collection of the Joint Safety Team at the University of Minnesota, Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science.

2 Use these safety moments as you see fit.
Feel free to adapt a safety moment to meet the specific needs and time constraints of an audience or occasion; this may mean using only a portion of the prepared slides for a topic or including additional resources for an in-depth discussion.

3 Have a safety moment? Contribute it to this collection.
Send safety moments to with Safety Moment <topic> in the subject line.  Please put content in the provided template and cite reliable, credited sources.    Thank you!

4 Emergency Procedures

5 Locations of Emergency Equipment
On your handout, mark the location of the following in each laboratory: Fire Extinguisher Eyewash Safety Shower First Aid Kit Posted Emergency Procedures Posted Emergency Contacts Spill Kit (one lab only) Gas shut off (if present) Draw and outline of your lab space that is blank/ unlabeled. Have group members write in the location of the safety equipment.

6 Lab 381 Hood 1 Hood 2 1 2 3 Hood 3 Hood 4 4 rotovap balance
Emergency Contacts Show the locations of the emergency / safety materials. You can even include assigned lab space, and post a copy in each lab. Hood 4 4 Computer First Aid Shower Eye-wash Fire Extinguisher Emergency Procedures

7 Emergency Procedures

8 Emergency Response Procedures
What would you do if the following occurred? List the actions/ responses you would take. Examples: Minor solvent spill: While running a column in DCM/MeOH under pressure, column glassware breaks causing solvent to splash all over the contents of your hood. A few flasks and column fractions are spilled. Major solvent spill: After returning from the stock room, 2 4L bottles of DCM are dropped (causing them to shatter) while moving them to the flammable cabinet. Fire: While working with Pd/C it spontaneously starts a fire on a lab bench. Injury: An out of place power cord causes someone to trip. The individual bumps his/her head on the edge of a lab bench and is bleeding. Stitches may be required. Use lab-specific accidents that could occur. This is a unique way to review the emergency response procedures document.

9 Minor Solvent Spill Use spill kit for solvent outside hood.
spills that do not pose an immediate hazard, clean up manageable by researcher Use spill kit for solvent outside hood. (Do NOT use spill kits for HF, radioactive material, or mercury spills) If inside hood, close doors and sash. Notify lab mates. Be conscious of solvent vapors (flammable, cause dizziness, etc.) Make sure there are no chemicals on you remove lab coat, flush eyes, check shoes and other clothing Notify Chuck Tomlinson (4-2321) or Raul Caretta (5-8066) as soon as possible Spill kit locations? In CHEM, large spill kits are located in near 681in Kolthoff and the hallway by the east elevator on the sub-basement in Smith. JST Emergency Response Information

10 Major Solvent Spill Evacuate the area and alert others in the area
Spill that presents an immediate hazard (fire, explosion, chemical exposure, etc.) or is a highly dangerous chemical. Evacuate the area and alert others in the area Remove victims to fresh air Remove contaminated clothing and flush contaminated skin and eyes with water for 15 minutes. If anyone has been injured or exposed to toxic chemicals/vapors call 911 and seek medical attention immediately. Confine: close doors and isolate the area Contact emergency personnel Call 911 and say "Call AHERPS”. Be prepared to give basic information and be given some instructions. Contact the Front Office as soon as possible: Chem (4-6000) CEMS (5-1313) JST Emergency Response Information

11 Fire or Release of Toxic / Explosive Material
If you are trained and the fire size is manageable, use fire extinguisher to put out fire. If unmanageable fire, remove all personnel from area. Close off area to prevent spread of hazardous material or fire. Call 911 to report the nature and location of the hazard. Activate the building alarm system at the nearest manual alarm station. In all cases, report the incident to the front office Chem (4-6000) CEMS (5-1313) JST Emergency Response Information

12 Injury If minor, go to the U of M Hospital Emergency Room accompanied by another person. If the injury is serious dial 911 and describe your injury as well as your location. Notify Chuck Tomlinson (4-2321) or Raul Caretta (5-8066) A First Report of Injury must be filled out promptly JST Emergency Response Information

13 Assisting an Emergency Response
In the event of a building evacuation, fire, police and other emergency responders will go to the north entrance of Smith Hall, facing Walter Library. Walter Library Fire Dept. Lockbox If you have information relevant to an incident, plan to head to the north entrance to meet them and answer questions. Smith Hall

14 Spill Kits

15 Make a spill kit for a particular class of chemicals
Biological, radioactive material, reactive, acidic, basic, etc. Components Adsorbents Inert material to soak up spill Floor dry for oil Activated charcoal for thiols Vermiculite or sand for reactives Sodium bicarbonate to neutralize acid Absorbents Wipes, mats, rolls for most lab spills “Hazmat” made of polypropylene (compatible with HF, Nitric, Solvents etc) Ex. “New Pig” brand Pillows, socks, and booms are for large (>5 gallons) spills Avoid plain paper towels, especially with oxidizers Image source:

16 Make a spill kit for a particular class of chemicals
Components, continued Containers For used materials Ziplock bags Plastic containers or jar Bucket (5-gallon) Barrier Signs To guard or block the area CAUTION tape Do not enter signs Special PPE & Tools For use during clean up & to minimize exposure PPE- Extra Gloves that cover forearm & other as indicated in SDS of chemical Tools- Tongs, Mini dust pan & brush Special Cleaners To decontaminate Bleach for biological spill Lift away spray for radioactive

17 Think about Where - Best location to for the spill kit?
Easily accessed? Relocate? Add additional? Prior to experiment Check SDS’s Know the largest container of material you will be handling / the max volume of hazardous material What volume you could safely clean up? Do you have (large) enough clean up materials?

18 Cleaning up a Chemical Spill
How to use a spill kit

19 Evaluating a chemical spill Is help needed
Evaluating a chemical spill Is help needed? Can this be handled with lab personnel? Container label is legible SDS is available Hazards: reactive, flammable, volatile Risks: health, physical property, or environment Chemical Hazards Do I know what it is? “Complex” spill GET HELP! Call 911, if no imminent hazard (fire or major injury) ask for AHERPS for further assistance. Evacuate if needed. No Yes Available spill control materials to confine and absorb Physical layout of the spill Quantity Can I handle a spill of this size? No Yes Hazardous vapors/ dust Liquids can encounter ignition sources or incompatible materials Nearby classrooms or offices Impacts Can this spill be contained? No Evaluating a chemical spill. Key information and question to ask to determine if outside help is needed to clean up a chemical spill. Yes No Training and Equipment Can I safely clean up the spill with the available PPE and equipment? Training and experience Available PPE Available spill control materials “Simple” spill Can be cleaned up promptly by researcher Yes Adapted from: Univ. of Wiscon. Environment, Health and Safety. Spill Response and Reporting

20 Cleaning up a chemical spill
Before cleaning up a spill make sure that you can do so safely. Contact DEHS for guidance Look up the SDS of the chemical Clean up procedures PPE requirements – put it on! Remember, Do NOT use spill kits for HF, radioactive material, or mercury spills (call DEHS). Secure the area – Post do not enter signs Control the spread of spill with absorbent materials (spill mats). Neutralize acids and bases. Add neutralizer slowly from edges to center; Mix Test with pH (want pH from 6-8) For acids use sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) For bases use citric or ascorbic acid NOTE: Do not neutralize acids that contain heavy metals or are oxidizing acids. Examples: chromic acid, perchloric acid, fuming nitric acid, and hydrofluoric acids Images: Minor spill clean up. Iowa State University, Environmental Health and Safety

21 Cleaning up a chemical spill
Absorb the liquid with spill mats or other absorbent Be careful not to be cut by any glass shards Collect and contain the cleanup residues Place in a plastic waste container/bucker or double layered plastic bags. Label with a yellow hazardous waste label and a red solid waste sticker. Contact DEHS personnel for more information. Decontaminate the area and effected equipment. Vent the spill area (open doors/windows, use a fan Clean area with soap and water with a mop or sponge Hazardous Waste Images: Minor spill clean up. Iowa State University, Environmental Health and Safety

22 Compatible Absorbents
Chemical Neutralizer, Absorbent, or Spill Containment Acids Sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, or calcium carbonate Acid Chlorides Dry sand or other inert absorbent - DO NOT use water or sodium bicarbonate Alkali Metals (Li, Na, Mg, K) Dry sand or contents from a Class "D" fire extinguisher - DO NOT use water Bases Sodium bisulfate Bromine 5% solution of sodium thiosulfate or other inert material Flammables Activated charcoal, sand or non-combustible absorbent pads Hydrofluoric Acid Neutralize with soda ash or lime (or absorb with special HF spill pillow - standard spill pads will NOT work) Mercury Mercury amalgamate powder, such as Merc-sorb Oil Granular absorbent or oil-specific absorbent pads (oil-specific absorbents will only absorb oil) Oxidizers non-combustible absorbent pads Solvents (organic) Inert absorbent material Thiols/Mercaptans The odor of thiols and mercaptans may be removed with activated charcoal White or Yellow Phosphorus Cover with wet sand or wet absorbent How to make a spill Kit FAQs, Hazardous Waste Management Program. Vermont DEC, Waste Management and Prevention Division

23 New PIG HazMat Mat Pad Great chemical compatibility
Note: Katie H checked with the stockroom on these. They say they will not stock them, but suggested a few groups buy a pack together and split the cost.

24 Keep in Mind Ventilation Fume hood < vented cabinet < lab < hall < closet Risks Explosives / air, water, temperature reactive Dangerous, but rare; likely already reacted prior to clean up of residue Fire / volatile / inhalation hazards Tricky to evaluate; Call DEHS (911 + AHERPS) Contact hazards (corrosives / toxic via ingestion) Most likely can be handled by lab (unless at high concentration or volume) Delayed effect (carcinogens / environmental hazards) Handled by lab Lower risk Higher risk

25 Four-step Emergency Procedure
Chemical Spill Four-step Emergency Procedure

26 Four-step Procedure Evacuate and Aid
Leave spill area and assist others in leaving Remove victims to fresh air; remove contaminated clothing/flush any exposed areas with excess water Confine Without endangering yourself, close doors, isolate the spill area, and prevent entrance Report Call EHS during working hours or 911 after hours State your name, phone, and location; describe the emergency, contents of the spill, injuries, etc. EHS will advise you what to do Secure and Clean Block off entrances, lock doors, put up warning tape/signs on all entrances Follow instructions from EHS on how to clean the spill

27 Chemical Spill Response
Example from a Learning Experience Report (LER)

28 Chemical Spill Response
After working hours, a 100mL bottle of trifluoroacetic acid was dropped. It broke, splashing on the floor and cabinets. The overwhelming odor caused a coworker to 911 and say, "Call AHERPS.” The dispatcher contacted the AHERPS employee who determined the spill was not very dangerous could be resolved with the researchers, not 911's resources. The researchers wore masks, quarantined the spill with the spill barriers, neutralized the trifluoroacetic acid with baking soda and water as described in the SDS, and opened all fume hoods.

29 Chemical Spill Response
The AHERPS employee followed up with the incident approximately min later to assess the current situation. No significant chronic effects, as the spill was neutralized and cleaned up quickly. No need for county emergency response personal (fire, police, etc.). DEHS person would pick up the spill clean up supplies the next day. To prevent dropping a chemical bottle: Don’t hurry – take your time. Securely hold bottles, using two hands for large or heavy containers.

30 Spill Kits Where are they:
Kolthoff - northwest hallway near 681 Smith - hallway by the east elevator, sub-basement level In individual labs A reminder: Do NOT use spill pillows for HF, radioactive material, or mercury spills. See the safety moment on making spills kits and using the contents to clean up chemical spills.

31 Fire Extinguishers How to use them

32 Call Emergency personal
Can you handle it? If you doubt your ability to fight a fire… EVACUATE IMMEDIATELY and Call Emergency personal If you are trained and the fire size is manageable, use fire extinguisher to put out fire.

33 Following the P.A.S.S Technique
Pull… Aim… Squeeze… Sweep…

34 Following the P.A.S.S Technique
Pull… …Pull the pin. This will also break the tamper seal.

35 Following the P.A.S.S Technique
Aim… …Aim low, pointing the extinguisher nozzle (or its horn or hoses) at the base of the fire. Note: Do not touch the plastic discharge horn on CO2 extinguishers, it gets very cold and may damage skin.

36 Following the P.A.S.S Technique
Squeeze… …Squeeze the handle so that it will release the extinguishing agent.

37 Following the P.A.S.S Technique
Sweep… …Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire until the extinguisher is completely empty assuring that the fire is out.

38 Resources Duke University Fire Safety Website:
Stony Brook University EHS MSDS firefighting measures section

39 Types and compatibility
Fire Extinguishers Types and compatibility

40 Four classes of fires

41 Proper Use of Fire Extinguishers
For fires involving: wood cloth paper plastics May be water, dry chemical or CO2 OKAY TO USE WATER

42 Proper Use of Fire Extinguishers
For fires involving: gasoline kerosene oils flammable chemicals For flammable chemicals, a CO2 or dry chemical extinguisher (Type ABC or AB) will suffice NEVER USE WATER

43 Proper Use of Fire Extinguishers
For fires involving: appliances motors computers Most fire extinguishers are Type ABC- dry chemical extinguishers (sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, or monoammonium phosphate) NEVER USE WATER

44 Proper Use of Fire Extinguishers
COMBUSTIBLE For fires involving: lithium sodium magnesium potassium Class D fire extinguishers: part silica, sodium chloride, glay, mica, zeolite and magnesium stearate --purpose is to smother the fire in a nonreactive blanket --DO NOT use any other type of extinguisher on this type of fire! METALS

45 Fire extinguishers everywhere
The fire extinguishers are designed to put out or control small fires. It is important that we equip facilities with the proper fire extinguishers as part of fire protection plan.

46 Air-pressurized water extinguishers
Water is one of the most commonly used extinguishing agents for type A fires. Always you can recognize an APW by its large silver container. They are filled about two-thirds of the way with ordinary water, pressurized with air. APWs are designed for Class A (wood, paper, cloth, rubber, and certain plastics) fires only.

47 Carbon Dioxide extinguishers
This type of extinguisher is filled with Carbon Dioxide (CO2), a non-flammable gas under extreme pressure. These extinguishers put out fires by displacing oxygen, You can recognize this type of extinguisher by its hard horn and absent pressure gauge. CO2 extinguishers are designed for Class B and C (flammable liquid and electrical) fires only.

48 Dry Chemical extinguishers
Dry chemical extinguishers put out fires by coating the fuel with a thin layer of fire retardant powder, separating the fuel from the oxygen. The powder also works to interrupt the chemical reaction, which makes these extinguishers extremely effective. Dry Chemical extinguishers will have a label indicating they may be used on class A, B, and/or C fires. OR

49 Thermal Burns First aid treatment

50 Thermal burns “ABC of burns: Pathophysiology and types of burns” BMJ June 12; 328(7453): 1427–1429. Burns: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

51 First aid for burns For minor burns, soak in cold water (not ice water) until the pain stops (5 min+) If the burn covers a large area of the body, apply cool wet dressings to that area Do not break any blisters Once the pain is subdued, apply antibiotic ointment or first aid gel to the area and bandage If necessary, seek medical attention for minor burns. Burns: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia DEHS

52 First aid for burns Minor burns will usually heal without further treatment. However, if a second-degree burn covers an area more than 2 to 3 inches in diameter, or if it is located on the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks, or a major joint, treat the burn as a major burn For severe burns call 911 immediately and do not attempt to remove charred clothing Burns: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia DEHS

53 Automated External Defibrillator
The basics

54 Automated external defibrillator (AED)
Diagnoses cardiac arrhythmias Kolthoff 4th floor (by elevator) Smith 1st floor lobby Use an AED on victims experiencing sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) Unresponsive No pulse No breathing or abnormal breathing

55 AED Basics Automated External Defibrillator
Diagnoses cardiac arrhythmias treats those that will respond to shock (heart beating too fast or chaotically) will not treat ‘flat lining’ Locations: 4th floor Kolthoff by elevator 1st floor Smith south of lobby Alarm will sound if opened Shock button Written instructions Good Samaritan laws protect bystanders from legal action if they use one of these devices and the patient dies or suffers injury Emphasize: easy to use and unlikely to harm Verbal instructions National Institutes of Health – National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. “How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator.” 02 Dec Accessed 07 Mar <>

56 When to use an AED Use an AED on persons experiencing Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA). Symptoms include: Unable to respond when you try to wake them No breathing or abnormal breathing No detectable pulse Blue color in skin Person might move, spasm Before using an AED: Confirm that the person cannot respond to shaking or shouting Call 911 (or have someone else do it) Chances of survival increase if someone starts CPR while another gets the AED Make sure person is in a dry area (no puddles, flowing water sources) National Institutes of Health – National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. “How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator.” 02 Dec Accessed 07 Mar <>

57 How to use an AED Turn on AED power Follow voice prompts
Expose person’s chest Remove jewelry and other metal sources Place sticky pads Press ‘analyze’ button If prompted, push ‘shock’ button Continue CPR if possible Electrode ‘sticky pads’ should be placed as in the picture: one on the person’s upper right chest and one on their lower left chest National Institutes of Health – National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. “How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator.” 02 Dec Accessed 07 Mar <>

58 For more information National Institutes of Health website
CPR and first aid classes available through Boynton Health Services Red Cross online refresher If your group is more interested there are online modules where you can practice cpr and aed.  We don't have a subscription to track scores but this one is pretty good. The red cross also has several modules Duluth has a great informational page on AEDs

59 Learning Experience Reports (LERs)
A.K.A. Near-miss reports

60 Learning Experience Reports (LER)
LER: Short anonymous report documenting a near-miss or incident Benefits: Builds database where researchers can go to learn about safety issues that have occurred and how safety issues were resolved Others learn without risk that comes with experience! Anonymous! When presenting, go to incident report page and show questions.

61 When/How to Submit Technically, all injuries should be reported to both PI and DEHS Consider using LERs for minor injuries such as small cuts and mild burns not usually reported to PI To submit List of incident forms: <> Click on LER form (first link on list) Log in with UofM ID and Fill out form answering basic questions about incident Forms processed by JST Compiled incidents will be viewable by researchers soon!

62 Example Summary of Report
A mercury spill occurred when rearranging oven shelving, during pm working hours. No injury resulted. The participate somewhat knew what do in the incident (7/10), but did not have much prior experience with the activity/technique during which the incident occurred (5/ 10). To prevent incident: Mercury thermometers should not be used in the first place. More care should have been taken when rearranging oven shelving. For information on how to deal with a Hg spill, please see the related safety moment.

63 Incident Reporting

64 Incident Response Incident- unexpected and unsafe occurrence that deviates from the normal procedure After incident occurs: Ensure immediate health/safety of all personnel Call emergency response crews if necessary Report to PI, LSO Communicate to coworkers Submit incident report Make/correct SOP Implement changes in lab Communicate changes to coworkers

65 Types of Incident Forms
Learning Experience Report (LER)- record of near-miss or incident Safety concern- leads to possible incident Lab incident investigation- fire, chemical spill, explosion require investigation by PI Lab injury- any work-related incident requires reporting to PI and DEHS If injury causes you to miss work, submit Worker’s Compensation form All forms found on JST website: <>

66 Injury Follow-up

67 It’s not that bad, right? Needlesticks, significant shocks, and slips/trips/falls often go unreported. These can have non-obvious consequences like blood poisoning, heart arrhythmias, and back injuries.

68 Get injuries looked at Even minor injuries can have major consequences
A quick check-up can catch potential problems Cost should not be an issue – injuries sustained at work can be covered by Workers Compensation Any chemistry department employee should receive care when they need it, then talk with Chuck and other departmental personnel to arrange for workers compensation. For more information on injury reporting, see under the “Incident Reporting” tab

69 Where can replacement materials be purchased?
First Aid Kits Do you have one? What is in it? Where can replacement materials be purchased?

70 First Aid Kit Components provided in single-use or dose-unit packs
Burn cream Antiseptic wipes Antibiotic ointment Adhesive bandages (Various sizes) Gauze pads, sterile Compresses Triangular bandages Ace bandages Instant cold packs Adhesive tape Blunt tip scissors Tweezers Amount of supplies needed depends on: number of researchers number of accessible first aid kits OSHA regulations state that employees must have first aid supplies readily available Laboratory First Aid Kit North by Honeywell. Fisher Scientific. Accessed 7 Jan First Aid Kits (Image). Western Safety Products. Accessed 7 Jan 2014

71 Basic Lab First Aid Do not hesitate to contact emergency personal if it is needed. Use gloves as a barrier for biological fluids. Wash your hands with soap and water after giving care. Situation Response Burns (thermal or chemical) Flush with cold water (15 min), remove contaminated clothing, apply burn cream, cover burn loosely with clean, dry cloth or dressing. Cuts, Scrapes, and Punctures Stop bleeding with compress, apply antiseptic, cover with bandage Fainting or Collapse Remove victim to fresh air, apply cold compress to forehead, provide CPR if needed, call for medical assistance Large bleeding wound Cover with gauze, apply pressure to stop bleeding (5 min), secure cloth compress with bandage. Call 911 if bleeding is severe and does not stop. Basic First Aid Procedures., Quick Tips #207. Grainger. Accessed 7 Jan 2014,

72 First Aid Kit Know where First Aid Kits are located in the laboratory
Check the contents every 6 months. Remove expired materials. Replace missing/used materials. Purchase from: Chemistry stock room Laboratory vendors (Fischer Scientific, VWR, etc.) If a first aid kit is used to treat an injury report the incident Learning Experience Reports (

73 Emergency Evacuation Plan

74 Prepare Now Make a checklist of group members
Define possible exit routes Decide on a place to meet Place a copy of the evacuation procedures next the emergency response information

75 In an Emergency

76 Available Resources

77 DEHS Contact Anna Sitek (Englund)
Phone: (612) Office W-147 Boynton Research Safety Specialist assigned to our department, and newly-created DEHS safety contact for our entire college. She will serve as a member of our department Safety Committee and will work with the JST. Feel free to contact her with any questions!

78 JST website

79 Dow Safety Academy


81 Have a safety moment? Contribute it to this collection.
Send safety moments to with Safety Moment <topic> in the subject line.  Please put content in the provided template and cite reliable, credited sources.    Thank you!


83 Templates

84 Safety Moment Title




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