4 Fire Extinguishers (Monthly Inspection/Mounted) Fire extinguishers not being inspected monthlyNFPA Fire extinguishers shall be inspected either manually or by means of an electronic monitoring device/system at a minimum of 30-day intervals.NFPA 10 ( ) Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed using any of the following means:Securely on a hanger intended for the extinguisherIn the bracket supplied by the extinguisher manufacturerIn a listed bracket approved for such purposeIn cabinets or wall recesses
5 Obstructed or blocked from view fire extinguishing equipment. NFPA 10 ( ) Fire extinguishers shall not be obstructed or obscured from view.
6 Emergency Lighting Non-Functional Not being inspected monthly / annuallyNFPA 101 ( ) Periodic Testing of Emergency Lighting Equipment.A functional test shall be conducted on every requiredemergency lighting system at 30-day intervals for aminimum of 30 seconds. An annual test shall beconducted for the 1 1/2-hour duration. Equipment shallbe fully operational for the duration of the test.Public Works has all emergency lighting within C4I Complex on Preventive Maintenance Interval (PMI) schedule beginning 2012.
7 Hazardous Materials HAZMAT not properly labeled. Users don’t have access to Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).MSDS’s can be found on most manufacturer’s websites.Household cleaning supplies require an MSDS also (if allowed on AUL)
8 DD Form 2522 / NFPA 704 HAZMAT Missing Label requirements: (a) Identity of material or chemical(b) Name & address of manufacturer(c) Appropriate hazard warning, includingtarget organs
9 Sprinkler Head Clearance Sprinkler spacing. The employer shall assure that sprinklers are spaced to provide a maximum protection area per sprinkler, a minimum of interference to the discharge pattern by building or structural members or building contents and suitable sensitivity to possible fire hazards. The minimum vertical clearance between sprinklers and material below shall be 18 inches (45.7 cm).
10 Examples of Fire Sprinkler Obstruction At right is an example of materials stored on shelving that is too high, obstructing the sprinkler head and giving the sprinkler head and giving the sprinkler less than an inch of coverage. Stacked materials should never exceed the height of 18 inches below sprinkler heads.To the left is an example of an unacceptable practice with sprinklers. Creating an opening in the storage around a sprinkler does not satisfy code requirements because the sprinkler water is still blocked from reaching the wall.
11 Exposed Wiring(b)(1)(ii) Unused openings in cabinets, boxes, and fittings shall be effectively closed.Applies to power panels and electrical boxes.
12 Applies to power panels and electrical outlets. Exposed Wiring(b)(1)(ii) Unused openings in cabinets, boxes, and fittings shall be effectively closed.Applies to power panels and electrical outlets.
13 Required Space in Front of Electrical Panels (g)(1)(i)(A) The depth of the working space in the direction of access to live parts may not be less than 3ft. Distances shall be measured from the live parts if they are exposed or from the enclosure front or opening if they are enclosed;(g)(1)(i)(B) In all cases, the working space shall permit at least a 90-degree opening of equipment doors or hinged panels; and(g)(1)(ii) Working space required by this standard may not be used for storage. When normally enclosed live parts are exposed for inspection or servicing, the working space, if in a passageway or general open space, shall be suitably guarded.WrongWrong
14 Extension CordsDo NOT run extension cords through windows, walls, ceilings or doorways.(g)(1)(iv) Unless specifically permitted otherwise in paragraph (g)(1)(ii) of this section, flexible cords and cables may not be used:(g)(1)(iv)(A) As a substitute for the fixed wiring of a structure;(g)(1)(iv)(B) Where run through holes in walls, ceilings, or floors;(g)(1)(iv)(C) Where run through doorways, windows, or similar openings;
15 Extension Cord Limited Use Only* Authorized for temporary use indoors Use Fan during work hoursPortable Power ToolsFloor Strippers / BuffersCheck with your FD for rules on seasonal lightingNOT authorized for use on baseLimited Use Only**Check with Safety if you are unclear when and where to use extension cords
16 Inappropriate Use of Extension Cords Using as permanent wiringUsing unapproved extension cordsOverloading power capabilities of the cord during temporary useDaisy chaining (plugging one extension cord into another and another, etc.)Using one surge protector/power strip to power anotherBasic Guidelines for the Appropriate Use of Extension CordsCords must be properly approved (by Underwriters Laboratory, etc.)Approved cords must be for temporary use only (no more than 90 days)Extension cords may be used for remodeling and maintenance or repair of structures or equipmentIt is permissible to use extension cords to light holiday decorationsExamples of Improper Extension Cords and Power StripsTo the right is a common example of improper extension cord usage. As seen in this photo from a Congressional facility, one extension cord is being used to power multiple devices. This cord is of the common household variety and not approved for this type of use.
17 Common Hazards to Avoid with Power Cords Power cords with frayed or damaged external sheathing torn away from the plug head, or ground prongs removedPulling a plug from a socket by jerking the cord rather than removing the plug carefully by handRegulations Related to Damaged and Ungrounded Power CordsThe Code of Federal Regulations (CFR ) states that electrical insulation shall be free from recognized hazards that cause death or serious physical harm to employeesThe Code of Federal Regulations (CFR (a)(ii)) requires damaged or defective power equipment to be removed from service until repairs are made and tests show the equipment is safeMissing ground prongs are a violation of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations and the National Electric Code. As required by CFR (a)(3)(ii), attachment plugs and receptacles may not be connected or altered in a manner which would prevent proper continuity of the grounding conductorTo the left is a power cord in use in a Congressional facility. The cord has had its protective sheathing torn away from the plug head, exposing energized wires.
18 Approved?Can you use power strips (surge protectors) with these appliances and electronics?Check with Safety if you are unclear what can be plugged into a surge protector
19 Overloaded Surge Protector/Power Strip (b)(4) Outlet devices. Outlet devices shall have an ampere rating not less than the load to be served.Caused by: Surge Protectors/power strips being used with refrigerators,microwaves, space heaters, daisy-chained, and coffee pots.
20 Daisy-Chained Power Strips (b)(2) Installation and use. Listed or labeled equipment shall be installed and used in accordance with any instructions included in the listing or labeling.
21 Heat Producing Appliances with Exposed Coils Toaster ovens and toasters are not authorized in work areas.[Exception: Kitchenette and galleys are authorized areas]
22 Multi-Plug Adapter Not Authorized on base (b)(4) Outlet devices. Outlet devices shall have an ampere rating not less than the load to be served.
23 Notify Facilities to have EXIT lights repaired or replaced EXIT lights being inoperative or missingNotify Facilities to have EXIT lights repaired or replaced
24 Things to Keep Away From Space Heaters in the Workplace Damaged power cords or excessive wiringStacks of paper, wood, or other combustiblesClothingPrecautions for Safe Use of Space Heaters in the WorkplaceShould be approved by an OSHA recognized laboratory (such as Underwriters Laboratory, Factory Mutual, or the EuropeanCommission electrical standard CE)Should be in areas free of combustiblesShould be equipped with a tip-over switchShould NOT be used with extension cordsShould NOT be used with missing or broken parts (such as nobs, grills, or stands)Prior to any installation or use of portable heaters or coffee makers check with your base FIRE PREVENTION BUREAU for guidance on the local written authorization permit requirements.EXAMPLE
25 Proper Fire Doors and Fire Door Self-Closing Devices are Required Not all doors are fire doors: Fire doors must be certified by recognized testing laboratories (such as UL) and must have thelaboratory’s certification labelOSHA regulations require that fire doors not be held open unless equipped with a device that releases the door upon activation ofthe fire alarm [29 CFR (a)(3)]When Fire Doors are NeededWhere a door has an EXIT sign on or around itWhere a door leads to exit stairwells and horizontal exitsWhere a door leads to a hazardous area such as flammable storageIn general, where a door leads to a hallway or from one fully enclosed room to anotherHazards to Avoid With Fire DoorsFire doors should never be tied open or held open by unapproved devices, such as door wedges and blocksFire doors can only be held open by a device that automatically releases when the fire alarm is activated (such as anelectromagnetic hold open device)Even when closed, fire doors should never have latch taped over; during a fire, hot gases can easily build up enough pressure tocause fire doors to blow openAt right is an example of a fire door that has been improperly held open by tying it to the wall. Fire doors can only be held open by a device that automatically releases when the fire alarm is activated (such as an electromagnetic hold open device)
26 Grounding Pin Missing(b)(2)(iv)(A) Where a grounding means exists in the receptacle enclosure or a grounding conductor is installed, grounding-type receptacles shall be used and shall be connected to the grounding means or conductor
27 Talk with your local Safety Office Questions?Additional Office Safety Resource:Office’s Have Safety Hazards (Video)Talk with your local Safety Office