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Type and Classification/ Terms/Material/Size of cabinets

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Presentation on theme: "Type and Classification/ Terms/Material/Size of cabinets"— Presentation transcript:

1 Type and Classification/ Terms/Material/Size of cabinets

2 Cabinet or Case Work Cabinets commonly found in
kitchens, bathrooms other home areas: family room, den, library offices store buildings hospitals Class discussion will center on residential type cabinets and details necessary for construction

3 Reference: Manual of Millwork
Woodwork Institute of California: Industrial Blvd. P.O.Box West Sacramento, CA

4 Residential Classification of Cabinets
Three major groupings of construction Tract homes inexpensive & poor longevity Architectural mill good quality & have a high standard of construction economy custom premium Showcase like fine furniture custom made for each job

5 Job versus Shop Construction
On the job cabinet construction must be simple in design with very little intricate cutting require special tools/equipment to give precise joints Shop cabinet construction basic unit completed in shop to assure quality installation will require adaptations to make fit once delivered to site many times counter tops are installed on site to eliminate cracking or damage from delivery

6 Cabinet Terminology Sub top-underlayment or
web frame 1 Sub top Underlayment (solid) Web frame (open) Banding Back 2 Edge banding (nosing) Hidden End Nail Ribbon Top Rail 3 Finished end Partition 4 Hidden end 5 Partition 6 Nail ribbon (cleat) 7 Back 8 Face frame parts top rail bottom rail stile Stile Finish End Bottom Rail 9 Toeboard Toeboard Face Frame

7 Cabinet Terminology Flush Door Door stop Cleat (spacer)
fits inside face frame Door stop keeps door flush Cleat (spacer) nail rail or ribbon

8 Cabinet Terminology Tilt Strip Web Frame Dust Panel Stretcher
prevents drawer from tipping Web Frame structural subframe Dust Panel separates drawer & shelving space Stretcher cabinet support (hidden)

9 Cabinet Terminology Concealed portions Exposed portion Semi-exposed
those parts of a cabinet that are never exposed to a view Exposed portion any part of a cabinet that is left exposed when the drawers and doors are left in a closed position Semi-exposed portions of the cabinet that become exposed when doors or drawers are opened

10 Cabinet Terminology coped dado plough (see sample)
to cut out a member to fit the form of another dado a rectangular groove or slot cut into a piece of wood perpendicular to the grain plough (see sample) a rectangular groove or slot cut into a piece of wood parallel to the grain

11 Cabinet Terminology scribe trim
the process of marking and cutting a piece of wood that abuts a wall in such a way to avoid any gaps trim any nonstructural or non-operating member used to decorate or hide a joint

12 Cabinet Terminology eased edge edge banding
slightly rounding off a corner edge banding hides raw plywood edge self edge (similar to edge banding) to apply to the edges of a piece of plywood or particle board the same material that covers the surface

13 Common Cabinet Materials (see samples)
Plywood (A & B grade) A series of thin layers of wood veneer combined and glued at right angles to each other Types of Plywood veneer core lumber core particle board core

14 Common Cabinet Materials (see classroom samples)
Hardwood (closed and open grain) oak, walnut, maple, ash, alder, mahogany, cherry, birch, etc. Particleboard small particles of wood bonded together with a synthetic resin Fiberboards (high, medium, low-density) MDF used for case goods, drawers, and kitchen cabinets, and cabinet doors Laminated plastic (counter top material) waterproof, somewhat heat- and acidproof

15 Common Cabinet Materials (see classroom samples)
Hardboard (tempered hardboard) particle board made under heat and pressure Masonite is a manuf name of this produce Plastic backing sheet (prevents moisture) thin sheet of plastic applied to opposite side of plywood with laminated plastic on other side Krotron/Melymine plywood or particle board covered with thin sheet of plastic vinyl (looks like laminated plastic) Ceramic tile & Corian (counter top material)

16 Classification of Cabinets
Architectural Mill cabinets (3 groups) Economy - the lowest grade, has no back and usually has a lipped door, underside of counters in not specially treated and can produce warpage Custom - the average grade, does have back in all construction, plywood edges are covered, ends and divisions are solid, drawers have hardwood guides for better wear. Premium - top of the line, best construction procedures and materials, corners are mitered, solid dust panels, drawers are hardwood, tops attached with hidden screws

17 Standard Cabinet Dimension/Ranges
Upper Kitchen Cabinets 30-33” high 12” wide (depth) Base Kitchen Cabinets 36” high 24”wide (depth) Distance between upper & base cabinets 16-18”

18 Drawing Exercise Continental Breakfast Counter (Scale 3”=1’-0”)
The dimensions 24” , 6”, & 36” remove the break line Make a break line on the wall, about mid-height, horizontal like the door break line on left side, also break line at drawer back Place cross-hatching in the wall and floor area around the section (looks like brick symbol)

Clean-up the engineering drawing for your use Place and locate w/ dimensions the building on the site ADD walks, parking, planting, drive approach This drawing will take the most time, do not wait until the last minute to start – very unorganized file.

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