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Stanislav Roth Preliminary Agreements in Tendering.

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Presentation on theme: "Stanislav Roth Preliminary Agreements in Tendering."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stanislav Roth Preliminary Agreements in Tendering

2 Focus for today Overview of contract formation Law on preliminary agreements Pre-bid and early works agreements in tendering 2 Innovative legal outsourcing solutions

3 Contract formation 3 Contract Formation Offer / Acceptance Acceptance must mirror offer Certainty / Completeness Essential terms must be certain and complete Consideration Each party gives something of value Intention Determined objectively from text of contract and parties conduct

4 What is a preliminary agreement? Memorandum of understanding Heads of agreement Letter of intent Pre-bid agreement Teaming agreement Early works agreement 4

5 Law on preliminary agreements Three categories - Masters v Cameron (1954) 91 CLR 353 Parties agree on all terms but propose to have them restated in more detail in a formal contract (binding) Parties agree on all terms but have made performance of some of them conditional upon the execution of a formal contract (binding) Parties do not intend to be bound unless and until they execute a formal contract (non-binding) 5

6 Law on preliminary agreements ! But important fourth category: Parties intend to be bound by the terms agreed while expecting a further formal contract in substitution of the first and containing further terms (binding) 6

7 To bind or not to bind? Subject to contract – not decisive but indicative of non-binding Terminology (LOI, MOU, HOA…) - not decisive Objective construction of the language and context (pre- and post- agreement communications are relevant) 7

8 Pre-bid agreements Useful tool for early partnering May enhance tendering capabilities/credibility Typical issues: Binding or non-binding Exclusive or non-exclusive Future contractual structure: Subcontract (back-to-back terms with head contract?) Joint venture/consortium (beware of the Competition and Consumer Act). If JV, joint and several liability to customer is likely - need to consider how liability is apportioned between JV partners Exit provisions, division of scope, key terms of future contract (e.g. limitation of liability) 8

9 Early works agreements Convenient for tight schedule projects – early engineering, long lead delivery equipment May give contractor/supplier leverage Typical issues: Binding or non-binding Scope of work under EWA Payment for work under EWA Applicable terms of contract Timeframe for entering into future contract Termination/exit and applicable payment 9

10 Whats the matter with preliminary agreements? Often not clear whether binding or not If binding: often incomplete/poorly drafted leave many important matters to future agreement fail to have appropriate exit provisions risk of parties failing to follow through with a proper agreement If non-binding: why do it? work is performed without contract - unlimited liability, no contractual warranties etc no certainty of recouping start-up or project cancellation costs 10

11 Checklist Use preliminary agreements selectively. Avoid unnecessary preliminary agreements. Use clear words to indicate whether a preliminary agreement should be binding or non-binding. Draft the preliminary agreement accordingly. Avoid templates. Every preliminary agreement is specific to the needs of the project. Clearly define what the parties are to do in accordance with the preliminary agreement. Provide for a framework and timetable for entering into a formal contract and cover any key terms. Outline what should happen if such contract does not eventuate. 11

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