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1 Display Power Characteristics Lin Zhong ELEC518, Spring 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Display Power Characteristics Lin Zhong ELEC518, Spring 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Display Power Characteristics Lin Zhong ELEC518, Spring 2011

2 2 Display power

3 3 Display power (Contd.) iPAQ 4350, 2004

4 4 Display power (Contd.) Audiovox 5600, 2004

5 5 LCD principle Luminance controller Dot addressing Lighting Dot Electrode: indium tin oxide (ITO) Color filter

6 Lighting Cavity/direct backlight Edge-lit light-guide backlight 6 Abileah08, Information Display

7 Edge-lit light-guide backlight Reflector Guide Diffuser 7 Abileah08, Information Display

8 Edge-lit backlight (Contd.) 8

9 Backlighting Cold cathode fluorescent tube (CCFL) LED (better white and brighter) 9

10 10 Addressing Direct addressing – Numeric LED display Dot matrix: passive – Slow response, poor contrast – Low-cost, low-power, small displays Dot matrix: active – Higher power consumption Common electrode Switch for each pixel

11 Passive matrix addressing Cross talk between neighboring pixels Long latency due to scanning 11

12 Active matrix addressing More expensive 12

13 13 Thin-film transistor (TFT) LCD Cross-sectional diagram of an active-matrix LCD. The LC cell modulates light intensity according to the driving voltages. ITO = indium tin oxide Flynn et al, 1999 Switch Storage capacitor TFT Active Matrix

14 14 LCD power consumption Liquid crystal cell requires polarization TFT panel must be on – DRAM – Refreshing at 60Hz

15 15 Bistable display (Zero power) Cholesteric liquid crystal cell stays polarized without voltage Long response time – Fine for ebook, bulletin board, light interaction – Impossible for video Kent display Passive or Active addressing?

16 16 E-Ink: Electrophoretic ink TFT on 75um-thick steel-foil substrate Nature, 2003 L.G. Philips---E-Ink

17 17 E-Ink product No back light Paper quality – High contrast – High resolution

18 18 OLED display LCD: filter white external light for colors OLED: generate different colors – Potential lower power Luminance for each pixel can be changed – Much larger view angle – Bright & high contrast – Broad color gamut (better colors) – Thin & light – Faster response

19 Commercial product Sony OLED TV – XEL-1, 11, $2,500, 3mm-think Panel – 19

20 Commercial products (Contd.) Samsung 12.1 OLED for laptops 20

21 21 Power efficiency Green is the most efficient

22 Color Power Model of OLED uOLEDN85

23 23 OLED display power management Darken unused areas 2.5 times power reduction HP Labs, MobileHCI 2004

24 24 OLED display power management Luminance inversion HP Labs, MobileHCI 2004 5 times power reduction

25 Dark R = λR G = λG B = λB 25% Green R = λ R R G = λ G G B = λ B B 34% Arbitrary R = R* G= G* B = B* 72% Inversion R= λ(1-R) G= λ(1-G) B= λ(1-B) 66% Original

26 Human visual system Normalized response spectra of human cones, S, M, and L types, to monochromatic spectral stimuli, with wavelength given in nanometers.

27 Color sensitivity Single color sensitivity diagram of the human eye.

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