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A friend is, as it were, a second self.

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1 A friend is, as it were, a second self.
Unit Two Friendship A friend is, as it were, a second self. 朋友犹如第二个自我。

2 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter
Text A All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Foster Furcolo

3 Part One (paras.1-20) From a conversation with the cab driver the author learned how much he regretted failing to keep up correspondence with his old friend Ed.

4 be lost in/lose oneself in (L.1)
be absorbed in, be fully occupied with 专心致志于;沉浸于 e.g. Einstein was often lost in thought. Soon, he became lost in the music. part one

5 “Is your cab available?” (L.3)
Is your cab ready to go? available: adj. able to be used, had, or reached 可得到的;可用的;可买到的;有空的,可见客的 part one

6 *available: We have already used up all the available space.
There is no money available for this project. My professor is always available to talk to her students。 I'm sorry, those shoes are not available in your size. part one

7 *available: I’m available next Tuesday if you want to meet
如果你想见面的话,我下周二有空。 Every available student will be assigned to the research. 没有事的学生都要参加这项研究。 [antonym] unavailable: adj. part one

8 settle (L.4) 1) v. go and live permanently in a particular place; establish residence in定居;建立殖民地 e.g. They went to American and settled in New York. Are you ever going to settle down and get married? part one

9 settle: 2) vt. make (yourself or someone else) comfortable and relaxed in a particular place or position 使安顿;放置 settle back: I settled back into a comfortable chair and waited. settle someone into/in/on something: She settled the little boy on the next stool to her. part one

10 settle: 3) vt. decide definitely; finish dealing with 决定;解决;确定
e.g. It was settled that they would leave before dark. You need a lawyer to help you settle your affairs. part one

11 estimate (L.10) vt. form a judgment about (a quantity or value) 估计;评估
n. a judgment of the nature, value or amount, etc. of sth. 估计;评估;估价 e.g. It is difficult to estimate the possible results in advance. My estimate of his abilities was wrong. part one

12 estimate: Bill’s personal riches were estimated at $368 million.
据估计,比尔的个人财富高达368,000,000美元。 Bill’s personal riches were estimated at $368 million. ---overestimate高估 / underestimate低估 part one

13 might/may (just) as well (L.13)
If you say that you might/may (just) as well do something, you mean that you will do it although you do not have a strong desire to do it and may even feel slightly reluctant about it. 不妨;最好;还是……好了 part one

14 might/may (just) as well:
e.g. Anyway, you’re here; you might as well stay. The traffic is so bad, we might just as well walk. We may as well go home. There’s nothing more to do. part one

15 I’m not much of a hand at writing. (L.15)
I’m not good at writing. not much of a: not a good 不太好的 e.g. Some people may think that doing housework for others is not much of a career. I’m not much of a detective, am I? We haven’t had much of a summer this year. part one

16 correspondence (L.16): n. 1) the act of writing, receiving or sending letters (不可加s,但可加a,often followed by with + n. ) 通信(联系) correspondence course 函授课程 e.g. She kept up a fifty-year correspondence with Mary. part one

17 correspondence: 2) the letters that sb. receives or sends (used as an uncountable noun) 信件 e.g. Mary really never mentions her step-mother in her correspondence. He kept his personal correspondence in a file. part one

18 But I take it he’s someone …… (L.17)
The sentence pattern “I take it (that)” is used to say you expect someone will do something, know something etc..我期望;我认为 e.g. I take it you’ve heard about Beckham and Victoria splitting up. part one

19 practically (L.18) adv. almost, but not completely or exactly 几乎
e.g. He’d known the old man for practically a life time. It's practically impossible for me to get home in less than an hour. part one

20 kind of/sort of (L.26) (infml; “kind of” is esp. AmE, “sort of” esp. BrE) a little bit, in some way or degree (used before v. or after a link-v.) 有点儿;有几分 e.g. She wasn’t beautiful. But she was kind of cute. She kind of hoped to be invited. I sort of like him, but I don't know why. part one

21 It’s no fun to lose any friend…… (L.30)
It’s not enjoyable to lose a friend. be no fun/not be any fun: not be enjoyable e.g. It’s no fun living by yourself. It's no fun/not much fun having to work on Saturdays. part one

22 on one’s mind (L.33) in one’s thoughts; of concern to one (if something is on your mind, you are worried or concerned about it and think about it a lot) 惦念;使人担心 e.g. Work is very much on her mind at the moment. You seem quiet today. Do you have something on your mind? part one

23 come up (L.37) 1) happen, occur, esp. unexpectedly 意想不到地发生,出现
e.g. “Sorry, I am late — something came up at home.” A busy period will come up in a couple of weeks. part one

24 come up: 2) be mentioned or discussed 被提到;被讨论
e.g. The issue of safety came up twice during the meeting. A number of interesting points came up at today’s meeting. part one

25 urge (L.43) vt. try very hard to persuade (often used in the pattern urge sb. to do sth. or followed by a that-clause. In the that-clause, “should” or the base form of verb is used.) 催促;力劝 n. the act of urging 催促;驱策;推动力 part one

26 urge*: e.g. I urged my cousin to take a year off to study drawing.
The IOC officials urged that safety procedures in Athens should be improved. We urged her to reconsider the offer, but she refused. part one

27 Vocabulary Exercises

28 Part Two (paras.21-35) Reading the letter by himself, the author learned more about the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed.

29 remind (L.45) vt. cause to remember (usu. used in the pattern of remind sb. of / sb. to do / that-clause) 提醒;使想起 e.g. Remind me to write to Tom. She reminded me that we had in fact met before. That song always reminds me of our trip to Casablanca. part two

30 postpone (L.46) vt. delay (usu. followed by n. / gerund) 推迟;使延期
e.g. The couple had postponed having children to establish their careers. Our test has been postponed until next Monday. Bad weather forced us to postpone Friday’s game. part two

31 reference (L.48) : n. 1) the act of talking about sb./sth., or mentioning them (usu. followed by prep. to) 提到;谈到 e.g. His recent book makes references to the political events of those days . The title is apparently a reference to the singer’s brother. part two

32 reference: 2) sth. that shows you where else to look for information, for example the page number of another place in a book 附注;旁注 3) the act of looking at sth. for information 参考;查阅 e.g. Use the dictionary for easy reference. part two

33 Culture Background


35 An annual festival celebrated on the night of October 31, Halloween is one of the happiest days for British and American children. The first Halloween celebration can be dated back to the 5th century B.C., when the Celts believed that ghosts would go out that night.

36 Decorate Houses(装扮鬼屋)

37 Wear Masks (戴面具)——usu. pretend to be witches, ghosts, skeletons, vampires, etc.

38 Create Images of witches, brooms and Bats

39 Jack-o’-lantern (南瓜灯)

40 Trick or Treat(不给糖果就捣蛋)

41 In general, Halloween, or All Souls’ Day, is a fun, exciting, disgusting, and terrifying holiday all at the same time!

42 absolutely (L.59) adv. totally and completely 完全地;绝对地
e.g. There is absolutely no difference between the two oil-paintings. I believed/trusted him absolutely. part two

43 absolutely: “She really is a beautiful woman.” “Oh, absolutely.”
“Do you think I should forgive him?” “Absolutely not.” ---absolute: adj. e.g. There’s no absolute standard for beauty. part two

44 reunion (L.59) n. a party attended by members of the same family, school, or other group who have not seen each other for a long time 团圆;重聚 a family/high school reunion He remembered his happy reunion with his son the year before. part two

45 go by (L.61) (of time) pass (时间)逝去,经过 ---as time goes by 随时光的流逝
e.g. Last month went by so fast. The house was a railway station in days gone by. part two

46 hang out (L. 63) 1) (infml; used mainly in AmE) stay in or near a place, for no particular reason, not doing much(=hang about) 闲逛;徘徊 e.g. I often hung out in coffee bars while I was unemployed. She knew all the clubs where her husband usually hung out. part two

47 hang out: 2) hang clothes on a piece of string outside in order to dry them 晒;晾 e.g. I was worried that I had no time to hang out my washing. ---hangout: n. 经常去的地方 part two

48 mostly (L.65) adv. almost all; generally主要地;大部分;通常
e.g. The guests at the wedding party are mostly friends of the bride. The blue-collar people said they work mostly because they need the money. The fans of Jay Zhou are mostly young people. part two

49 awful (L.71) adj. (infml; used to add force) very great; very bad or unpleasant 非常的;极度的;糟糕的;可怕的 e.g. We had awful weather. The smell was absolutely awful. part two

50 *an awful lot: a very large amount
e.g. There were an awful lot of people just standing around. ---awfully: adv. part two

51 destination (L.77) n. the place to which sb. is going or being sent 目的地;终点 e.g. Singapore is still our most popular holiday/tourist destination. We arrived at our destination tired and hungry. It took us all day to reach our destination. part two

52 skip (L.77) v. pass from (one point, etc.) to another, disregarding or failing to act on what comes between 跳跃;略过;遗漏 e.g. The teacher skipped lesson 3 and said it wouldn’t be on the test. A newspaper reader can select what he is interested in and skip what he thinks is boring. part two

53 skip: 我们不妨忽略故事中的一些次要细节(minor detail) 。
We might as well skip the minor details of the story. --- skip school 逃学 part two

54 The driver’s experience urged the author to reach for his pen.
Part Three (para. 36) The driver’s experience urged the author to reach for his pen.

55 Vocabulary Exercises

56 Text Analysis

57 The use of spoken English in written text
Some sentences are incomplete Some words or phrases do not usually find their way into written English

58 The narrator is good at keeping the conversation going
He expresses his agreement to show the cabbie what a sympathetic listener he is. He asks questions directly to get more information out of the cabbie. He asks an indirect question by making guesses.

59 Assignment Review Unit 2 finish all the exercises
recite paras. 21 – 36 Preview Unit 3

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