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Using Radio to Deliver Instruction: UP NISMEDs Titsers Iskul on the Air Program 6 September 2006 Ester A. Bautista.

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Presentation on theme: "Using Radio to Deliver Instruction: UP NISMEDs Titsers Iskul on the Air Program 6 September 2006 Ester A. Bautista."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using Radio to Deliver Instruction: UP NISMEDs Titsers Iskul on the Air Program 6 September 2006 Ester A. Bautista

2 Rationale Radio can be used to deliver instruction; has a versatile format and a wider reach Education plays a crucial role to alleviate poverty; enhances a persons dignity, and maximizes human potentials to contribute to economic and social development of societies DepEDs thrust is to provide education for all including the dropouts, nonliterate adults (ages 15 yrs. & above), minorities, etc. Source: ILO, 2005

3 cont: Rationale Low performance of our Grade 4 and First Year students in international studies Alarming exodus of RPs best teachers Increasing dropouts in the elementary and secondary levels from SY 2001-2004 Sources: Martin,, 2004 ; Mullis,, 2004 ; Tabunda, 2005; DepEd, 2006

4 How it all started… No. of Teachers vs No. of NISMED Staff 456 000 ~100 (SY 2002-03; public elem. & secondary) Alternative mode vs NISMED-based and on-site training Source: DepEd, 2006

5 cont: How it started… In 2000, surveyed 293 NISMED trainees 94% (238): Interested to listen to radio programs on S & T Preferred DZMM radio station Looked for partners


7 First Trimester Radyo Eskwela: (2001 Pilot Program) Theme: Philippine Folk Science--Beliefs and Practices Objective: popularize science 16 episodes of common beliefs and practices with scientific bases 15 min. segment of DZMMs Bago Yan Ah!, Sunday program (DYAB & DXAB)

8 More Partners… Foundation for the Advancement of Science Education, Inc. Foundation for Upgrading Science Education, Inc. (FUSE) Ateneo de Davao University-RSTC DZMM DOST DepED UP NISMED DZMM DOST DepED

9 More Partners… Foundation for the Advancement of Science Education, Inc. (PUNDASYON) Foundation for Upgrading Science Education, Inc. (FUSE) Ateneo de Davao University-RSTC RSTCs in CLSU & WVSU Bureau of Broadcast Services DWNE DXOM-So. Cotabato DZMM DOST DepED UP NISMED DZMM DOST DepED

10 Second & Third Trimesters Titsers Iskul on the Air: Second & Third Courses Broadcast: 2003, 2005 Objectives: train teachers in science or mathematics and promote science or mathematics interest and literacy among the people Components: radio and face-to-face training Course Hours: 4 hrs. (radio) & 6 and 12 hrs. (training), respectively

11 Features of the Third Course Theme: Rational Numbers & their application to daily life Lessons: Fractions, Decimals, Ratio and Proportion, Percent (Sixteen 15-min. lessons over the radio) Radio Component: 2-3 min. drama Discussion: 5-7 min. Question: one high-level per lesson Radio language: Taglish

12 cont: Features-Third Course Training Component: two days (12 hrs.) Pre & Posttest Review of the aired lesson & discussion Activity or work sheets, game boards More extensive discussion of the concepts Review of the questions aired over the radio & the answers Teaching/learning materials used Program Evaluation

13 Trainers Manual Transcripts of the radio program; answers to the questions with the scoring guide Overview & Objectives RBEC Activities: objectives, instructional procedures, and answers to the activities Activity cards/sheets, game boards Language: English

14 Sample Aired Question: Ratio Nais ni Ana magtimpla ng isang basong juice. Nakita nya sa label ng juice concentrate ang instruction na one part juice concentrate to three parts water. Tama ba si Ana kung ihahalo niya ang isang kutsarang juice concentrate sa tatlong tasang tubig?

15 Sample Answer: with Scoring Guide in the TM Ang isinasaad sa instruction ay sa bawat isang bahagi ng juice concentrate ay tatlong bahagi ng tubig o ang ratio ng dami ng juice concentrate sa dami ng tubig ay 1:3. Kung nais nyang magtimpla ng isang basong juice, i-estimate nya ang na bahagi ng laman ng baso, ganito karami ang juice concentrate. Ang natirang na bahagi ay ang dami ng tubig.

16 Sample Discussion over the Radio Lesson 1 Fraction: The Whole and Its Parts (after the presentation if time allows it)

17 Sample Trainers Manual & Teaching Materials Four Printed TMs and Teaching Materials (after the presentation if time allows it)

18 Sample Pre & Posttest (Topic: Decimals) Which would give an estimated sum closest to 100? A.97.6 + 7.4C.92.09 + 3.1 B. 98.09 + 1.29 D.96.8 + 6.76 Answer: B

19 WVSU-RSTC Test Results Source: WVSU-RSTC, 2006

20 Some Observations ( NISMED-Based T raining) Strategies to Motivate Learning Simple activities & ordinary things to introduce a topic; can motivate learning and arouse pupils interests e.g., play basketball using plastic balls & a tin can as goal (Percent) colored beads and a string to teach repeating patterns (Ratio)

21 Relationship of One Topic or Concept to Another Decimals: Place Value is not limited to whole numbers; applies to decimals; separate units in the curriculum Percent: Problems on percent can also be solved by using ratio and propor-tion; separate units in the curriculum cont: Observations

22 Direct, Inverse, & Partitive Proportions: There are different situations for which direct, inverse, & partitive proportions may be applied. Explanation of why cross-multiplication works to find the value of the unknown.

23 cont: Observations Writing Basic Math Symbols Properly Decimals: Writing zero (0) before the decimal point (.) to indicate theres no whole number Fractions: Should be written with a horizontal bar and not with a slash symbol, e.g., and not 1/4 Putting the unit of measure in the final answer

24 Improper way of using the equal (=) sign to find the discounted price given the rate of discount e.g., rate of discount: 30% regular price: P100.00 0.30 x 100 = 30 = 100 – 30 = 70 cont: Observations

25 Proper way: 0.30 x 100 = 30 100 – 30 = 70 P70 = discounted price cont: Observations

26 Program Evaluation Highlights 94% will recommend the Course to other teachers Verbatim responses: radio lessons - learned by listening to the radio - malinaw at kayang abutin ng tagapakinig (NISMED enrollees) - can easily be understood because the language is Filipino (NISMED enrollees)

27 Setbacks Fast delivery of some aired discussions and questions Dialect not familiar to listeners in the regions Poor radio signals in some areas Schedule of airing Closer coordination between the national & local implementers in the choice of radio stations Too many activities during the training sessions

28 Birth Pains Future Plans: The Sad Whys 12 734 teachers emigrated to other countries either to teach or hold other jobs from 1988-2004 3 269 experienced principals and best teachers in science and math were hired to teach abroad from 1992-2004 Source: Tabunda, 2005

29 cont: Sad Whys Total: 3 269 Source: Tabunda, 2005

30 cont: Sad Whys Source: DepEd, 2006

31 cont: Sad Whys Source: DepEd, 2006

32 Birth Pains Future Plans: The Hows Continue to capitalize on the radios versatile format and wider reach Empower community leaders & radio program hosts - Training & providing learning materials Form new partners, sustain old ones Translation of some learning materials into the dialect of target learners Systematic monitoring & feedback from listeners

33 Anticipating the Birth Next radio program/course Theme: Science, mathematics, & technology literacy Planned topics Healthy Living, Living Safely, Wise Entrepreneurship/Wise Consumerism, and Environmental Protection & Resource Conservation

34 Recommendations Institutionalize the use of radio-based instruction to be cost effective - Prerecorded or canned programs - Audio Format: cassettes or CDs; can be replicated to suit broadcast facilities & conditions in the communities - Can be replayed for small or big groups of learners at prearranged schedules - Can be used by nonreaders, poor readers, readers who do not comprehend, & the visually- challenged

35 cont: Recommendations Expand multisectoral linkages to actively reach all types of learners, e.g., LGUs, NGOs, Barangays, TEIs, govt radio stations, community radios, radio program hosts, community leaders Strengthen manpower needed: training and providing learning materials to key disseminators of learning

36 Language of radio & learning materials: some aspects to be translated to the dialect of the target learners Pace in the delivery of instruction since learning will be audio-based cont: Recommendations

37 A Plea for a Safe Birth Hope springs eternal… Learning needs of all Filipinos will be addressed through education… Truly concerned stakeholders in education to get their acts together.

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