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Jacquelyn Burkell, PhD FIMS, The University of Western Ontario.

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Presentation on theme: "Jacquelyn Burkell, PhD FIMS, The University of Western Ontario."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jacquelyn Burkell, PhD FIMS, The University of Western Ontario

2 If you are a young adult or teenager, you cant live without Facebook. (Tsjeng, 2010).


4 No Facebook could be the equivalent of social suicide College Candy September, 2009

5 No Facebook could be the equivalent of social suicide [I dont] trust people who arent on Facebook, since Facebook is at the epicenter of our generations world, and anyone who isnt on there is weird. College Candy September, 2009









14 The plaintiffs testimony on discovery was that he maintained privacy over communications with his friends that numbered approximately 200 although only five of them were close friends. In other words, he permits some 200 friends to view what he now asserts is private. This is a preposterous assertion especially given his testimony that only five of the 200 are close friends. Frangione v. Vandongen et al., 2010 ONSC 2823 (CanLII)

15 The plaintiff could not have a serious expectation of privacy given that 366 people have been granted access to the private site. Murphy v. Perger [2007] O.J. No. 5511(S.J.C.) (QL)

16 Do Facebook users have a subjective expectation of privacy in the information they post online?

17 What kind of information is posted? Who is the intended/expected audience for information posted to online social networks? When and how is the personal information of other social network users is examined and shared?

18 Older, professional Small list of friends, limited to strong real- world connections Careful selection of online posts and monitoring of online presence Limited revelation of personal information in online profiles

19 Tend to be younger Large and growing friends list Friends include many peripheral social connections Profiles include a wide range of information about self, social activities, etc. Acknowledgement that there might be reason to delete information in the future

20 On Facebook she looks happy, she changes her profile picture, like, five time a day, changes her status fives times a day. And, shes fake. Shes fake on Facebook. So I dont think people are honest. (Ben, male, 18, student)

21 Maybe they just want people to, like, think theyre cool or something. They want people to view them in a certain way and they want to define how people are going to view them. (D. March 8 th )

22 I have like four pictures of myself on Facebook. And it's all pictures where I'm in a very neutral, uh, situation. And I'm very conscious about which pictures are on Facebook.

23 I think what I put on Facebook is just like just what I think is really clever. (LW, March 8 th )

24 I feel like a friends list is, those are the people that youre open to communicating with.

25 So I try to keep it around 400, but each of those 400 I definitely actually made the effort to stay in touch with. Some closest friends more than others but I still want to stay in touch because I want to keep them as friends and actually be friends – not just in name only

26 At a recent party, Maya (18, student) met three people, friends of someone she already knew. She decided to add them to her Facebook friends so she can talk to them later, share with them, even though Ive only met them once.

27 Sam (male, 18, student) regularly prunes his friends list: If I think they are people Im never going to talk to again, people that Im just not that interested in hearing about, then Ill prune the list.

28 Well I feel like on Facebook the privacy settings – when youre doing that youre thinking like Oh no one can see this but at the same time all of your friends that you have can see it and who knows who is with them. … because you never know whos around or where they left their Facebook up or something. (Denise, female, 18)

29 So I think people have to realize that anything they post on Facebook, people can take a print screen – it can be eventually shared with a very large audience that it wasnt intended to be shared with…. (Manny, male, 18)

30 its a small world definitely. Im from Ottawa and there is people here that know people from Ottawa. So there could be an employer… their daughter knows you somehow so you can still see it that way. Or there is always a way that they can find it. … you cant control it.

31 Oh, yeah. All us girls do it all the time. Like, our groups of friends… I think somebody got married, and were like Ohhh, wedding photos! And we were trying to find them but … only one of us had them as a friend so we just went on their Facebook and looked at all the wedding photos… they posted it amongst all their friends, so they should be comfortable with a friend of a friend being able to see it. Belinda, 20, professional

32 I have a deal with my aunts and uncles that if I see something … like my cousin for example talking about blow jobs when she was fourteen… that I would bring it up to their parents and be like By the way, this is whats on Facebook…. If they want to hide it from mom and dad, its one thing. But if they want to post it for the entire world to see, thinking that theyre still hiding it from mom and dad, you know, thats a different situation. Fern, 30s, professional

33 …you choose to put that information knowing that anyone can access it and do anything they want with it. I dont mean this harshly, but they kinda had it coming to them. Because if you dont want people to know that or share it then dont put it out there …

34 Facebook is really for people stalking other people. I guess even using that system I suppose you have to be aware of it and most people, without the highest possible privacy settings, have to be comfortable with it to some degree to find people, find pictures – find stuff about you, the self identifying stuff about you, and if theyre bored there are all sorts of other things

35 Selected and produced for public consumption Projecting an image Assumed to be available to a wide and not clearly delineated audience Everyone has access Information is public Shared with others, even those without direct access to the profile Creeping/Lurking/Stalking Over the shoulder access Friend of a friend access Sharing passwords


37 NO

38 Family (especially parents), employers, strangers Malicious use Sensitive information Explicit signals Deleted information

39 Intended for social purposes Distributed to a broad and loosely defined social network Shared within and beyond that network for social purposes

40 Can have negative consequences Ryerson student disciplined for Facebook study group Student teacher denied job because of Drunken Pirate photo on Facebook page Waitress loses job after Facebook rant about cheap customer

41 Users want and need to socialize, and they act in privacy-risking ways because of it. We cannot and should not beat these social urges out of people; we cannot and should not stop people from acting on them. We can and should help them understand the consequences of their socializing, make available safer ways to do it, and protect them from sociality hijackers. Grimmelmann, 2009

42 If the police have no wiretap on your phone today, they cannot turn back the clock and recover a conversation if you become a suspect next month. That is not the case with electronic transmissions, which generally are stored by Internet service providers, archived by search engines, and documented in cookies and Web histories by default. Tufecki, 2008

43 When my story is re-told on the basis of biological memory, there is some natural limit to the facts available for the reconstruction. In contrast, if you were smart enough, determined enough, and persistent enough, you could create an almost minute-by-minute reconstruction of my digital life – fodder for re-telling of an entirely different order. Burkell, 2011

44 Users want and need to socialize They act in privacy-risking ways because of it We cannot and should not stop people from acting on these desires

45 Users want and need to socialize They act in privacy-risking ways because of it We cannot and should not stop people from acting on these desires We can and should help them understand the consequences of their socializing Make available safer ways to do it Protect them from sociality hijackers.

46 Understandable, readable, appropriate privacy policies (Burkell et al., 2007) Education, education, education

47 Understandable, readable, appropriate privacy policies (Burkell et al., 2007) Education, education, education A right to be forgotten? Prohibited grounds?

48 A right to be forgotten will help people better manage data protection risks online: people will be able to delete their data if there are no legitimate grounds for retaining it. (new provision in EU data protection rules)

49 Individuals are protected from action against them on the basis of their online information, unless the information reveals criminal or unethical conduct or has caused significant harm. Individuals have a right to rebut online information if it is to be used against them. Online information must be supported by off- line information if it is to be used against individuals. Levin, 2012

50 Thanks to the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada for supporting this project through the Contributions Program

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