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Export Inspection Council (EIC) Ministry of Commerce and Industry

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Presentation on theme: "Export Inspection Council (EIC) Ministry of Commerce and Industry"— Presentation transcript:

1 Export Inspection Council (EIC) Ministry of Commerce and Industry
FOOD SAFETY ISSUES Dr. S K Saxena, Director, Export Inspection Council (EIC) Ministry of Commerce and Industry New Delhi

2 FOOD Food Means any article used as food or drink for Human Consumption other than Drug and also includes: Any article which enters or used in the composition or preparation of food Any flavoring matter or condiments Any other article notified by the Central Govt. e.g. Packaged Drinking Water.

3 Law of Land No person shall manufacture, sell, stock, distribute, Transport or exhibit for sale any article of food, including prepared, ready to served or irradiated food except under a license/Registration by FSSAI.

4 Food Safety Assurance that food will not cause harm to the consumer when it is prepared and/ or eaten according to its intended use.

5 International Trade : India
FY (Total) Export $ 304 Billion (20.94% Growth) Import $ 488 Billion (32.15% Growth) FY (Food & Agri) Export $ Billon (56% Growth/Share 8.7%) Import $ Billion

6 National/International Regime: Food Safety
FSSAI/FAO, WHO, WTO, CODEX, OIE, IPPC including SPS, TBT Consumer Safety (Prime Importance) 2. Fair Trade Practice (Fraud/Adulteration)

7 Food Safety Issues Physical Hazards Chemical Hazards
Biological Hazards Adulteration Hazards

8 National Regime: Ensuring Food Safety
National Food Control System (Primary Responsibility) Single Competent Authority Multiple Competent Authorities In India: FSSAI (Domestic & Import), EIC (Export), APEDA, MPEDA, Spice Board, Tea Board etc.

9 Global Food safety issues

10 Food Safety Issues Travel Very Fast Food Safety Information Travel Faster than Sound and Light

11 Food Safety and Regulators
Export :(Pre-shipment Inspection, Sampling, Testing and Certification) by EIC Import: (Sampling, Testing, Transportation and Sale) by FSSAI/EIC Domestic: (Processing, Testing, Storage, Transportation and Sale) by EIC/FSSAI/BIS

12 Important Pillars of National Food Control System
Legislation/Regulation Inspection Testing (Backbone) Food Chemist Enforcement

Food borne illness- Disease transmitted to humans by eating Unsafe/Contaminated food. Outbreak- Development of food borne illness by two or more people that eat a common food that is identified as the source of the illness.

14 Type of food borne illness
Infection Ingesting food contaminated with living pathogenic microorganism A bacterial infection occurs when an infective dose of bacteria are eaten e.g. Salmonella, E. coli Intoxication Ingesting food contaminated with the toxins produced by photogenic (disease causes) micro-organism A bacterial Intoxication occurs when a toxin produced by certain bacteria is eaten & causes a reaction-e.g. Staphylococcus aurous, botulism.

15 What causes food borne illness
Failure to thoroughly cook or heat food Failure to properly cool processed food Infected employees who practice poor personal hygiene Food allowed to remain at bacteria-incubating temperatures Raw contaminated ingredients incorporated into foods that receive no further heat treatment Cross contamination of processed foods with raw item either by workers who mishandle foods or through improperly cleaned equipment.

16 Seven categories of food poisoning
1.Natural Food Poisoning This is caused by type of plant and fish that are toxin to humans E.g. rhubarb leaves, poisonous mushroom, puffer, fish. 2.Chemical Food Poisoning This is caused by chemicals accidentally or negligently getting into food. E.g. Overuse of insecticides, cleaning agents, heavy metal contamination of fish from industrial areas.

17 Continued 3. Bacterial Food Poisoning
Five most common bacterial poisoning are: 1. Salmonella-infection 2. Staphylococcus aureus-intoxication 3. Clostridium perfringens-infection and intoxication 4. Bacillus cereus- infection and intoxication 5. Vibrio parahaemolyticus- infectio 4. Viral Food borne Infection Viruses are transported by the food to the human body and than multiply. E.g. hapatitis A, gastroenteritis

Micro-organisms Micro-organism occur naturally. Most are harmless, we use these to do such things as: 1.decompose leaves, garbage Treat sewage Produced antibiotics Manufacture foods such as cheese, wine beer, vinegar and yogurt Less than 1% of them harmful to humans, these are said to be pathogenic.

19 Continued Micro-organism can be classified into the following categories: Bacteria Viruses Fungi: Yeast and moulds

20 Bacteria Microscopic, single celled, colourless plants Bacterial cell divided in two approximately equal parts called binary fission. They can develop spores when conditions are unfavourable These spore can with stand cooking, boiling, and freezing temperature for several hours. These can change back to live cells when conditions improve.

21 Viruses Extremely small microorganism-one third to one hundredth of an average bacterium Can not grow in food but may be transmitted by food. Viruses do not require potentially hazardous foods to survive They generally require fewer organism to make you sick: therefore it is easy to transmit viruses through water Viruses can cause many diseases including infection, hepatitis A, influenza viral gastro

22 Fungi-Yeast Generally beneficial: help make bread, wine and beer
Yeast do not cause food borne disease They do cause spoilage in foods that are high in sugar (jellies) & acid (pickle, juice) Some molds produce cancerous mycotoxins such as aflatoxin Some are used to make antibiotics and blue vein cheeses Destroyed by heating>600 C for 15 min.

23 Continued 5. Mycotoxin Poisoning
This is caused by moulds that produce toxins called mycotoxins. E.g. aflotoxin is produced by the mould Asperligillus flavus that grows in damp wheat and peanuts 6. Protozoan Infections These microorganism often occur in our water, gastroenteritis caused by Gilardia lamblia and cryptosporidium parvum have occurred recently in many countries.

24 Continued 7. Worm Infection
These infection can be caused by roundworms, tapeworms and flukes These microorganism cause such things as abdominal plain and diarrhoea.

25 Parasites Require a living host for at least one stage of their life cycle (reproduction) Can cause a variety of symptoms.

26 STREET FOOD 2.5 billion people eat street food every day across the world Use of unfiltered water contamination Poor hygienic conditions, personal hygiene No access control MITIGATION STRATERGY Maintenance of proper cleaning and sanitation around the cooking and serving area.

27 VAISHNO DEVI Appx 30,000/- persons are fed in a day
‘Shram Daan’: Any one can be involved in cooking , cleaning activities, serving etc. No access controls Religious faith involvement Improper washing of utensils

28 TIRUPATI Food Sabotage Appx 60,000/- persons are fed free
‘Shram Daan’: Any one can be involved in cooking, cleaning activities No access controls Religious faith involvement Contamination can occur due to poor sanitation

29 MID- DAY MEAL Midday Meal Scheme is the popular name for school meal programme in India which started in the 1960s Primary school children (6-14 years) form about 20 per cent of the total population. lunch/snacks/meal free of cost to school children on school working days. According to this scheme 13.6 million SC children and million ST girls in classes I-V were to be covered in 15 states and 3 Union Territories, where the enrolment of SC /ST girls was less than 79 percent. Rubbing the plates with soil followed by a quick rinse after. consumption of food Unclean uniform worn and floor where children are made to sit to have their food. Placing bare feet on the part-open lids of the cooked food-cans while loading of the food-cans in the tempos MITIGATION STRATEGY Creating a fully computerized kitchen along with machines for making 'chappati', vegetable cutting and food packing. Training all the workers with respect to food safety and personal hygiene. Proper storage of the raw materials to prevent any kind of infestation.

30 INDIAN WEDDING Big fat functions with impressive menu
Involvement of large number of families and friends Serving of stale and chances of adulterated food. Preparation of food in unclean utensils. Poor personal hygiene of the individual preparing and serving the food. MITIGATION STRATEGY Caterers should be licensed only Maintenance of good personal hygiene and maintenance of the sanitary conditions in and around the cooking & serving area. Authorization/licensing of the caterers to avoid the consumption of contaminated food.

31 FLIGHT CATERING Centralized Kitchen Cross –contamination may occur
MITIGATION STRATEGY Security Checks while loading of vehicles from kitchens Mis-handling at Transportation Effective cold chain. Double security sealing mechanism Avoiding stacking of the delivered food if its not in a sealed box.. Access only to Only trained and identified food handlers Surveillance of raw materials and ready meals. Variety of Material & customers to be catered Cold Chain is maintained Centralized Kitchen Cross –contamination may occur

32 POLITICAL PARTIES Cross country meetings
Religious functions like iftaar party Involvement of Political personnel/ official delegates of importance MITIGATION STRATEGY Authorization/licensing of the caterers to avoid the consumption of contaminated food. The materials is tested on animals before it is served . Access control for all staff.

33 HOTEL/ RESTAURANTS Large number and variety of customers ( domestic/ international) Specialized Menu Working round the clock Cross-contamination occurs when fresh food is prepared or stored on the same surface as spoiled food or raw meat. MITIGATION STRATEGY Access controls at entry of kitchens Police verification of all hotel staff and even vendors entering into the premises Scanning system for guest and food/ other commodities entering in the hotel CCTV camera Keeping the food at the right temperature to avoid the "temperature danger zone."

34 Food Testing Testing: To do something in order to discover that Food Product is safe, meets the requirements of standard and implied needs Analysis: To study or examine Food Product in detail to discover more about its quality and safety Inspection: Look at Food Product including label carefully that everything is correct and legal Sampling: A sample which is representative of a lot/consignment

35 Trade & Commerce (Import/Export) Safety (Environment/Research)
Input To a Laboratory is (Sample) Output Analytical Data (Test Report) Decision Trade & Commerce (Import/Export) Safety (Environment/Research)

36 REQUIREMENT OF Food Testing
Estimated to be 10 folds by 2020 Estimated 200 Lakhs Food Business Operators in India Safe 3 Meals a day for over 1.2 Billions Critical Parameters: Environmental Contaminants (Dioxins, PCBs, PAHs,) Residues of antibiotics and its Epimers, Pesticides and its Isomers.

37 Targets to Ensure Food Safety
Chemical Hazards MRL MRPL Biological Hazards Limit Value (Hygiene/Safety Indicator) Absent Physical Hazards As per Regulation

38 Target of an Analyst By All Means: Achieve the value of a constituent/
contaminant in a given Matrix (as nearer as possible to the Assigned/True Value) to facilitate reliable decisions.

39 History mass spectrometry liquid chromatography gas chromatrography
pg/ml ‘90 mass spectrometry ng/ml ‘70 liquid chromatography ‘60 gas chromatrography μg/ml ‘50 chromatography '30 spectrometry mg/ml

40 Important to Achieve ”Win-Win” Situation
Improved food safety Less illness, Less Medical and Social costs and Less Poverty Food trade access International trade capability Safe national trade Improved health Improved participation in national development Overall Development

41 Thank You & Jai Hind

42 Export Inspection Council
Any Export Inspection Council

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