Presentation on theme: "Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, JAGIELLONIAN UNIVERSITY presented by Stanisława Trebunia-Staszel Lubaczow, 17.05.2008."— Presentation transcript:
Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, JAGIELLONIAN UNIVERSITY presented by Stanisława Trebunia-Staszel Lubaczow, 17.05.2008
Jagiellonian University, founded in 1364 by the king Casimir Great. It was the second university to be founded in Central Europe, after Prague in 1348. Collegium Novum, built in 1887 – main building, the seat of the Rector and Deans is the
Ethnography at the University 1926 – Department of Slavonic Ethnography was founded, by prof. Kazimierz Moszyński – expert on Slavonic problems 1992 – Department of Ethnology 2004 – Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology
Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology Staff – 15 (scholars: associated professor and professors) Structure: 4 divisions, library, The Centre of Documentation. 200 students. Division of Theory and Anthropology of Culture Division of History of Ideas Division of Ethnic Studies (Western Europe) Division of Regional Culture (5 person) - prof. Jan Święch - dr. S. Trebunia- Staszel The Centre of Ethnographic Documentation and Information
Division of Culture and Regional Studies Research area: regions of Central and South Europa, including the Carpathian regions in Poland, Ukraine, Romania. The Balkans. Subjects of study: culture of local, regional, ethnic groups – cultural identity regionalism as cultural and social phenomena cultural tradition (folk art, costume, architecture, annual and family customs) in contemporary world
The Centre of Ethnographic Documentation and Information to collect, elaborate and arrange into a system key words the results of the field and archival research. Computer Database of the Ethnographic Archival Sources on the Folk Culture of the Carpathians. The base contains a register of 2 400 places in the Carpathians. Till the present 20 000 items of the archival material were elaborated and introduced into the computer database. The base enables the approach to the following information: thematic range of sources, kind of source, time of origin, time of reference, an abstract of the source contents, the place where it is kept with reference to department and file number
Prof. Jan Święch, Ph.D. traditional folk architecture anthropology of landscape museology (open air museums). Head of one-year post- graduated studies of Museology at JU
Carpathian Project 2002- 2008 (dr M. Maj, M. Golonka-Czajkowska, dr S. Trebunia-Staszel) Two Carpathins areas: Maramures region in Romania and Podhale region in Poland Comparative studies: empirical fieldwork researches, interdisciplinary studies. Mountains regions: - mountain regions with similar natural conditions, - pastoral heritage (shepherding) - research tradition (1950-1970) Main questions: tradition and present – situation when traditional community is being opened to outside world problem of the construction of local/regional identity and the creation group image within the contemporary context of rapid social and economic changes (development of tourism) - different forms of auto-presentation (what symbols, signs, values, motifs are being used in the process of creation groups' image) - process of building groups mythology - commercial usage of tradition within the context of tourist industry problem of renewing and using Carpathian tradition by given local/regional groups when they try to characterize and define own place in contemporary world
Podhale, wedding company in the front of the church, 2006
Podhale region – relation between past and present. Contemporary cultural practices. Cloths and costumes – tracing the trends in Górale costume Regional identity – regional universum (core values – symbols, ideology – regional discourse) Contemporary cultural practices at the new strategies of maintaining group cohesion and ethnicity as well as creating the attractive image of Podhale region due to toursits expectations
Contemporary regional events: folk festivals, meetings, festivities, holidays as the arena of celebration of regional ethnicity - contemporary annual rituals
Górale Beauty Contest, organized since 2002 by local branch of Górale Alliance :Związek Podhalan.
During the Contest girls have to present themselves in dialect, sing and dance, to show a knowledge about the region and skills – know how to do traditional dutes. Knitting is considered to be traditional Górale occupation - so Górale girl should know how to knit.
Milking a cow was a woman's duty. Queen of Podhale should know how to milk a cow.
Raking a hey. This is another task chosen as a sign of a Górale tradition. These prosaic tasks: knitting, milking, raking a hey are being used as the important elements in creating and telling a story about Górale culture.
Ceremony of coronation. Górale Miss Nośwarniejso Górolecka is sitting on the wooden throne made in regional style. Crown is also in regional style with natural coral in the middle. Górale accommodate popular – modern phenomena to own world. Organizers strive to preserve the past while transforming it for new performance context.
Górale Beauty Contest as the arena of celebration of Górale culture – Góralness. Quitessence of Górale culture heart values are exposed: Dialect Traditional costumes Traditional folklore (music, dance, songs) Traditional occupation Knowledge about history and culture of Górale If we understand ritualas symbolic representation of groups beliefs and values it is just Górale Beauty Contest when this symbolic unity of Góralness (values) is performed and exercised.
Górale re-make their ethnicity and their culture to meet the challenges of contemporary changes. Via contemporary cultural practices they creating and telling a story about themselves - story about Górale which is a result of interplay between them and tourists, past and present (T. Cooley).
Hope for further cooperation and new project! Thank you very much