Common Norms & Values ValuesNorms ( which reinforce the value) Marriage and FamilyMarriage is important 98% of the population between 25-65 has been/is married Islamic is the primary religion95% of the population practice the Islamic religion anything that goes against Islamic law is prohibited Religion/SpiritualismPeople attend church regularly believe in folklores and pass down religious stories through the generations Wealth and SafetyThe government controls wealth from industries It keeps businesses and wealth of their country safe Patriotism and NationalismThere is conscription and everyone serves in the military for a minimum of 2 years
Family Life The estimated population in 2005 was 74.03 million people Family is considered to be the most important social institution Family is considered the primary social marker 98% of the population between the ages of 25 and 65 have been or are married Marriages previously were arranged however today, people can choose who to marry It is acceptable to marry within your extended family Class and social standing is based on family, wealth, education, and experiences overseas The oldest son is considered to have the most power and control within a family
Family Life – Relating to Values/Norms In Egypt Value: Marriage and family holds a high value among Egyptians. Norm: Loyalty to ones family is viewed as the most important aspect of Egyptian life and marriage is considered mandatory. In Canada Value: family is important and marriage is viewed as a sacred right of passage. Norm: families are usually smaller in size. Marriage is viewed as important however, not necessary to lead a successful, enjoyable life.
Egyptian marriage http://www.zawaj.com/weddingways/images/egypt/wedding_procession.jpg. An Islamic wedding procession in Egypt leads the bride to the home of the groom. The bride, hidden from view in a tentlike covering, is riding the camel. Elaborate processions like this one are chiefly a rural tradition of the Islamic wedding ceremony
The future of marriage in Egypt? http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/03/02/marriage_cartoon_2.jpg
Family Life – Relating to Values/Norms Relating Norms Between Egypt-Canada Norms of the family social institution in Egypt would not work in Canadian society Egypts views of inbreeding, to keep the wealth within the family circle, are contradictory to Canadian views Canadians see inbreeding as folkway (socially unacceptable)
Religion – An Overview Religion is highly valued 95% Muslim, 5% Coptic (Christian,other religions) Any religion that goes against Islamic law is prohibited Some religious practices: Muslim religious holidays Ramadan: month of fasting (no eating and drinking during daylight hours) Eid al-Fitr: large feast and celebration at the end of Ramadan boys get circumcised at birth 7 th day after the birth of a child is celebrated when a person dies, the burial is done as soon as possibly; preferably on the day of death tell religious stories called Folklores Folklores are passed down through the generations Men wear traditional shirt-like garments and pants Women wear traditional long gowns and head scarves
Religion – Relating to Values/Norms In Egypt Value #1: religion is highly valued and important for Egyptians Norm #1: express their value of religion by attending church on a regular basis and practicing religion in various ways (previous slide) Value #2: Muslim religion is particularly valued Norm #2: the religious norm in Egypt is to be Muslim (95% of citizens). Any religion that goes against Islamic/Muslim law is prohibited In Canada Value: multiculturalism is highly valued and all cultures are accepted Norm: there is no true norm for religion and all cultures/races are taught to be accepted
Religion – Relating to Values/Norms Relating Norms between Egypt – Canada Values and norms presented in the social institutions in Egypt would not be accepted in Canada Some people in Canada are not religious, unlike Egypt where everyone practices religion The norm of Muslim religion would not relate to Canada where people are all multicultural People in Canada have been taught to accept and be multicultural and different If they tried to make everyone religious, everyone Muslim, people would protest and it would never be accepted
Economy Economy is controlled by the government Plays an important role as a social institution Egyptians economy was mostly agriculture and industry is centrally controlled by the government. It is the second largest economy in the Arab world. The service sector is by far the largest growing economic sector and account of 51 percent Tourism, trade, banking and shipping services on the Suzz canal Constitute are the main sources Economic sectors reflect its size. Government has moved to aggressive promotion of domestic tourism to compensate for the loss of foreign tourism The land is very expensive and difficult for people to use agriculture as a profitable source of income. In 1950 the govt has developed petroleum services.
Economy- Relating to Values/Norms Egyptian economics would not function in Canada Economy in Egypt is based on services Canadas economy is all about exporting goods in other countries such as the US We have natural resources such as wood and wheat and in Egypt they dont have this type of system. Egyptians displayed the norm of wealth and safety It controls economy by government that ensures the gross domestic. It produces enough to sustain the population.
Military- An Overview 350,000 people in the military, known as the Central Security Forces The strongest in Africa (ranked 11 th in the world) Military includes: Egyptian Army, Navy, Air Force and Air Defense Command Conscription is used to maintain the military Able bodied men and women must serve a minimum of 2 years in the military Egypt plays in important role in foreign affairs and international peacekeeping The democratic government, more specifically the Ministry of Interior controls the military Patriotism and peace are highly valued by Egyptians
Military- Relating to Values/Norms The Egyptian government controls the military Conscription is put before education in Egyptian society The enforced conscription ensures the safety of the country and its people Patriotism and nationalism are important norms of the Egyptian society The strong military reflects the importance of safety Egyptians are very proud of their land and its preservation
Military- Relating to Values/Norms In Egypt Serving in the Egyptian military is considered a great honour and accomplishment Serving in the army can raise a familys social status Conscription is put before education In Canada The Canadian Army is based on voluntary recruitment Education is put before conscription Serving in the army is considered brave, but it is also dangerous Conscription would not work in Canada because education is a higher priority in Canadian societies