Presentation on theme: "About the Festival On lunar August 15th, so it is the Mid-August day. Since the autumn season consists of lunar July, August, and September, so it is also."— Presentation transcript:
About the Festival On lunar August 15th, so it is the Mid-August day. Since the autumn season consists of lunar July, August, and September, so it is also the Mid-Autumn day. It is just after the harvest of all crops, so it is a festival to celebrate the harvest.
Festival History Mid-Autumn ( ) began to appear in a book about 2000 years ago. Initially, Chinese would hold a ceremony to worship the God of Land ( ) to express thanks for giving the harvest.
A long long time ago, there were ten suns in the sky. They dried almost everything to burn. People suffered terribly. Hou-Yi Shot Suns Down So, the Heaven Emperor sent a god Hou- Yi and his wife to Chang-E to human being world to solve the problem. He shot down nine suns and kept only one in the sky, as that is the best and useful to human beings. However, some else envied him very so they went the Emperor and said some bad word about him. The Emperor decided to deny Hou-Yi and his wife return to Heaven.
Chang-E ( ) Story There are three different stories about Chang-E. One story said that Hou-Yi went to see Xi-Wang-Mu, an heaven Queen- like fairy, and begged her for some medicine that could make both living forever if they shared the medicine, or make one ascend back to the heaven world if just one intake it. Since Chang-E did not like to live in human world, she took it by herself when Hou-Yi was out, and she flew to the Moon, and lived in the moon palace lonely, with a jade rabbit with her only.
The second story says that Hou-Yi had an affair with a River Gods ( ) wife. When Chang-E found it, she was very upset and thus decided to eat the medicine by herself rather than sharing it with Hou-Yi. When she flew up to Moon, she recall all good things Hou-Yi did for him. She regret for not sharing the medicine, but it could not be undone. So she is living in the moon palace sadly now.
The third story says that after Hou- Yi shot down nine suns, he was treated as human being hero, and thus many youth came to be his students. Among his students, there was a greedy one, who wanted to have Chang-E as his own wife and also have the medicine. One day, when Hou-Yi was out, this guy tried to force Chang-E to give him the medicine. To hide the medicine, Chang-E put the pill into her mouth, but that made her flew up. In order to be close to Hou-Yi, she decided to fly to the moon, rather than back to the heaven world.
Can you find Chang- E, Wu Gang, and the rabbit on the moon? They were supposed to be visible to us on this brightest day.
There are also other stories about the Moon. One story says that the Moon God is an old female who can heal human being diseases. Another story says that the Moon God is an old man, called Yue-Laor ( ) who is a match-maker. He ties a red thread between a boy and a girl to make them a couple, even before they were born. Therefore, youth would like to do a worship ceremony on the festival day to wish the Yue-Laor could arrange the best marriage partners for them. Girls may also beg Chang-E to make them also so beautiful.
Obviously, the moon become the witness of many love stories. So that there are countless poems and stories about the moon. When a person had some affair with another person, s/he may excused her/himself that, it was the moon that made me fell in love with you. When a lover asks another about How much do you love?, the other may answer The moon knows about it. Another Chinese Valentine Day
Many poets wrote a lot of poems with the moon as the subject to express their various feeling, especially their nostalgia. More especially under the brightest moon, if a Chinese person cannot go home to have a family union to celebrate the festival, s/he would be very homesick. S/he would sit under the same moon and lift a cup of wine, inviting the moon, toast towards to remote parents, friends, and all be loved. Wish all healthy, love each other forever, though they are separated by mountains and/or seas.
When will the moon be clear and bright? With a cup of wine in my hand, I ask the azure sky I don't know what season it would be In the heavens on this night I'd like to ride the wind to fly home Yet I fear the crystal and jade mansions are Much too high and cold for me Dancing with my moon-lit shadow It does not seem like the human world
The moon rounds the red mansion Stoops to silk-pad doors Shines upon the sleepless Bearing no grudge Why does the moon tend to be full when people are apart? People may have sorrow or joy, be near or far apart The moon may be dim or bright, wax or wane This has been going on since the beginning of time May we all be blessed with longevity Though far apart, we are still able to share the beauty of the moon together. - Poem written during the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival of 1076Y? by Su Tung Po (Translated by Shun-Yi Lee in 1998)
Riddle Guessing Game A traditional activity around the Mid-August Festival. The pleasant season makes it a perfect outdoor activity, better than on the Lantern Festival in February. (A Chinese word) Four Chinese Words (Two Chinese Words) (Two Chinese Words)
Chinese Harvest Festival Mid-August/Mid-Autumn Festival