Presentation on theme: "History of Illustration/ 1930s Review * portions of this material are from the sites: bpib.com; and americanarchives.com. This presentation is for educational."— Presentation transcript:
History of Illustration/ 1930s Review * portions of this material are from the sites: bpib.com; and americanarchives.com. This presentation is for educational (read only) use only and may not be copied, distributed or used in any other manner.
Historical Summary The Great Depression, Dust Bowl The Rise of the Nazi Party (Hitler), Facism (Mussolini) and Imperialism (Japan) sets the stage for WWII Many artists struggle due to the Depression and the drop in publishing and advertising assignments. The tough economic times lead to the popularity of PULPS, done on cheap paper in black and white line and brush. With the election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and the NEW DEAL artists get work through the WPA (Works Progress Administration) and murals are done all over the country by illustrators in government buildings. With the rise of movies and movies stars, Posters are a great source of illustration commissions. At the end of the 30s, Esquire and The New Yorker are launched giving illustrators such as George Petty (pinups) new opportunities for work. The biggest boost to the economy comes from the advent of WWII and Americas preparations for the war effort.
Floyd Davis -Davis initially made a reputation for himself with his skills as someone who could capture the rich, beautiful people of the 1920s: handsome men, ideally beautiful women. But in the 30s with the change in the times, he learned to capture people as they really are and with a cartoonist's sensibilities and a fresh humor, he expanded into story art and ad work that called needed characters from every walk of life and social standing. The exaggerated gestures of his main characters became a recognizable aspect of his imagery. -His wife, and some might think (as he did) a more prominet artist was Gladys Rockmore Davis (he is known to have said, "Why bother with me when there is a real artist in the family?" -In 1961, he was inducted into the Society of Illustrator's Hall of Fame.
McClelland Barclay -Made his name, not through his illustration work, but also in jewelry, sculpture and other decorative arts from his own firm, The McClelland Barclay Art Company. -His illustrations often depicted the American beauty, from flapper to film star, usually as a fiery redhead or strawberry blonde. -He was commissioned to produce many advertising illustrations, but he became best know for the Body by Fisher ads for General Motors. -In the 40s he concentrated on War poster, camouflage design, and battlefield correspondence work. He was a naval Lieutenant Commander in the Navy, where many illustrations were done for the Navy. Barclay was killed in action, WWII.
Haddon Sundblom -Sundblom is best remembered for his advertising work, specifically the Santa Claus advertisements he painted for the Coca Cola Company in the 1930s -Sundblom is also recognized as a major influence on many well known pin-up artists In the mid-1930s, he began to paint pin-ups and glamour pieces for calendars that could be found everywhere during the 40s and 50s. Sundblom's last assignment, in 1972, was a cover painting for Playboys Christmas issue.
Pruett Carter -A sense of dignity and good taste are hallmarks of Pruett Carters illustrations. His heroines, noted for their gentle, patrician beauty, were portrayed against equally refined backgrounds. -In 1918 Carter produced the first of his many illustrations for magazines. (Womans Home Companion) This was began a 40 years career for such editorial clients as:The Ladies Home Journal, The Delineator, McCalls, Pictorial Review, Good Housekeeping, American, Colliers among others. -Carter was also noteworthy for his teaching. He taught at the Grand Central Art School in NYC. Following a move to the west coast, he taught at the Chouinard Art Institute (in Los Angeles) and served as head of the Illustration department for over 25 years.
George Petty -The famous Petty Girls made their debut in the very first issue of Esquire Magazine in the late 1930. They were so well received that MGM made a movie about her. The Pettys girls often were depicted with white telephone, or some other simple prop, often shown in line only with no color or tone so as not to deter from the beautiful girl. -He was able to leverage this popularity into having these desirable beauties in many ad campaigns such as The Ice Capades, Rigid Tool Company, Old Gold Cigarettes,and TWA.
John LaGatta -LaGattas work became famous from the 20s through the early 40s. He became known for his beautiful illustrations of women and a distinctive use of a multi-media palette of chalk and wash. -His lush, unique media approach made his illustrations popular with many of the days fashion and women's magazines such as the Saturday Evening Post, Ladies Home Journal, Cosmopolitan) and also with many well know national advertising accounts.