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Technology & Development Program

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Presentation on theme: "Technology & Development Program"— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology & Development Program
CNH Forest Fire Council Spring Meeting

2 Presentation Format Who we are. What we do. History Procedures
Short list of projects SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

3 What we DO – Mission Statement
To systematically apply scientific knowledge and advance technology to create new or substantially improved equipment, system, materials, process, techniques, and procedures to meet the challenges and objectives of sustainable forest ecosystem management practices SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

4 Present Location: San Dimas, CA since 1965
History Present Location: San Dimas, CA since 1965 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

5 History SDTDC began in 1945 in Southern California for the sole purpose of developing wildland fire equipment. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

6 What we Do – Program Areas
Fire & Aviation Management Fire prevention and suppression Fuels and residues Recreation Engineering Roads & facilities Forest Management Inventory & Monitoring SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

7 Organization SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

8 What we DO – Program of Work
How DO we get our work Steering committees Assigned by someone higher up SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

9 What we DO NOT DO We do not develop policy
Provide information to make policy We do not decide what to work on SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

10 Products & Services Equipment Development Publications Tech Tips
Project reports Specifications Informational videos Product evaluation Training Technical consultants SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

11 Customers Interagency field personnel US Forest Service
Bureau of Land Management National Park Service Bureau of Indian Affairs Fish & Wildlife Service National Association of State Foresters SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

12 T&D Process Proposals Submitted from the Field
Steering Committee Rates Proposals Committee comprised of 1 Rep from each Region, WO and cooperating partners, FWS, BLM TD works on Priority Projects Product is Delivered to the Field SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

13 Relies on: Ideas Problems Constructive Feedback SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

14 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

15 Product Lifecycle SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

16 Other Sources of Projects
FEWT NWCG RFECs FEWG WFEC Caches FEWT – Fire Equipment Working Team NWCG-National Wildfire Coordination Group RFEC – Regional Fire Equipment Committee FEWG – Fire Equipment Working Group WFEC – Wildfire Equipment Conference SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

17 Technology & Development Program
Myths We DO NOT select our own projects We DO NOT make rules or policy SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

18 Fireline Construction Production Rates Study
Validate crew line construction production rates.

19 Fireline Construction Production Rates Study
Benefits: Assist to establish rates for contracts Assist in planning & resource allocations. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

20 Methodology Gather the following data: Fuel model Terrain Weather
Shadow crew Gather the following data: Fuel model Terrain Weather Crew assignment No. of crew cutting line Line type, length Evaluate data Statistical validity Missing data on FM The challenge is showing up at fires when the crew is constructing fire line. Working with the GACCs and local dispatch centers to get good intel. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

21 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

22 Observation Summary 2006 2007 Fires1 13 15 IHC 16 Type II 8 17
Total days 27 302 Total Shift Hours 389 308 In 2007, 199 hrs was non-line construction and 109 hrs constructing line. Notes: Number of fires where data was collected. Unable to collect data on 7 fires SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

23 Future Actions Determine data needed to achieve statistically validity. Import corrected GPS data & photos to Google Earth. Production rates for dozers will be collected in FM 2 & 3. Collect crew data on FM 2& 3 when available. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

24 Fuel Standardization Study
Provide a central document for wildland fuels collection and measurement procedures.

25 Fuel Standardization Study
Collection Methods Containers Oven study Site selection SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

26 Fuel Standardization Study
2 Tech Tips complete Chainsaw vs. handsaw Containers Oven study completed (Neo-systems, Computrak, & convection). A first draft of the Fuels Guide Compendium is complete. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

27 Fuel Dike / Spill Containment
Improve existing fuel berm dike and spill containment system.

28 Fuel Dike/Spill Containment
Prototype was developed and field tested. Initial test indicates that the unit worked well. Laboratory testing is being conducted. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

29 Fuel Dike/Spill Containment Study
Evaluation of foam tubing on the Zaca Fire, showed no constant wear and an added bonus of better stability of operating pump and generators. Foam tubing attached to outside frame New tarps were being worn out from constant pump vibration. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

30 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

31 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

32 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

33 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

34 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

35 Compressed Air Foam Systems Study
Compare various CAFS units, determine if it can be used on prevention vehicles.

36 CAFS Study 3 Units installed on patrol vehicles for field evaluation
Tri-max Super 60 Fire Solutions Dual RR 30 Air Quick SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

37 Tri-Max Super 60 skid SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

38 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

39 CAFS Evaluation SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

40 CAFS Evaluation SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

41 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

42 Vehicle Stability Project
Develop field procedures to verify, vehicle stability Gather data on agency vehicles

43 Vehicle Stability Test
Water tenders Crew carriers Type 3 engines Type 6 engines SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

44 Vehicle Stability SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

45 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

46 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

47 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

48 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

49 Crawler Protection Study
Evaluate different products for operator protection

50 Crawler Production Rates
Validate crawler protection equipment Fire curtains Environmental cabs Hose protection SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

51 Crawler Protection Study
Finalizing indoor test plan. Looking for outdoor test site. Looked at dozer burn-over in California. Four dozers available for testing. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

52 Dozer Committee Research utilizing actual events to better provide operator protection
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

53 Unprotected Molding Protective molding Protective door covering helped to protect window molding from extreme heat SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

54 Glass laminate material showed melting in between glass, suggesting lower ignition temperatures.
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

55 Crawler Protection Laboratory Testing In-house NIST CSIRO
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

56 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

57 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

58 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

59 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

60 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

61 Conclusions from CSIRO Study
Untenable conditions due to toxic gas exposure was reached before untenable thermal limits in all cases for regions below the window level. Respirable particle were the main reason for exceeding tenability criteria. The physical integrity of the cabin envelope must be maintained in order for the vehicle to provide a safe refuge during a burnover event. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

62 … from CSIRO Study Use of fire curtains compromises the integrity of the glass because it reflect radiant heat onto the inside of the glass. Heating both sides. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

63 Invasive Species Vehicle Wash Project
Develop a minimum specification for vehicle washer used to minimize the spread on non-native/invasive species

64 Types of Vehicles 5 different washer types evaluated
Large wheeled vehicles Type 3 fire engines Civilian patterned vehicles Pick-up truck SUV Tracked Fire dozer SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

65 Invasive Species Vehicle Wash
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

66 Test Site – CDF Facility Ione, CA
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

67 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

68 Contactor Wash System SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

69 Secondary Hand Washers
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

70 From the collection tank to this settling tank.
FLOW From the collection tank to this settling tank. FLOW Filtration SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

71 Investigate other hydration system to replace canteen.
Hydration Study Investigate other hydration system to replace canteen.

72 Hydration Study Hydration system study Not limited to bladder types
Initial selection & procurement of products selected. “Camelback” bottle systems given to lead users for evaluation this fire season SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

73 Hydration Study SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

74 Model Capacity (fl. oz) Insulated Dry Weight GSA Schedule Cost
Bladder Only Camelbak Unbottle 70 Yes 12 oz. No 100 13 oz. Hotshot 72 $25-$33 102 18 oz. $29-$37 Bottle 25 6 oz. $47/pack of 6 32 7.4 oz $14 Platypus Platy Bottle 34 0.8 oz $4 80 1 oz $5 Big Zip 3.5 oz $12 60 4 oz $13 4.5 oz Hoser $10 $11 Hiker Hydrator 10 oz $15 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

75 Mountain Safety Research
Model Capacity (fl. oz) Insulated Dry Weight GSA Schedule Cost Bladder Only Mountain Safety Research Hydromedary 70 No 6.5 oz $19 Yes 6.7 oz $20 100 7.1 oz $21 The Pack Shack Water Bag 13.7 oz Thielsen Hydro_Cool 18.4 oz $30 $18 Nalgene Big Bore Tanker 48 64 Optional 96 HDPE Loop Top Bottle 32 3.8 oz $4 Wide-Mouth Loop Top Bottle 5.3 oz $6 6.9 oz $10 Multi-Layer Film Canteen 16 1.9 oz 2.1 oz 2.2 oz 2.7 oz Canteen Tubing N/A 3.5 oz $12 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

76 Skillcraft (Hydramax)
Model Capacity (fl. oz) Insulated Dry Weight GSA Schedule Cost Bladder Only Deuter Streamer 2.0 Optional 6 oz No Streamer 3.0 7 oz MPACK AquaFlo 2 Liter 70 3.2 oz $20/5 bags AquaFlo 3 Liter 3.8 oz N/A Ultimate Direction 32 oz Reservoir 32 5 oz $28 64 oz Reservoir 64 $30 96 oz Reservoir 96 6.5 oz $32 128 oz Reservoir 128 $34 Skillcraft (Hydramax) Reflector 100 Yes 21.6 oz $52 Mustang 120 30 oz $68 Stinger 18 oz Alpha Reflector 28.1 oz $47 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

77 Hydration Study - Testing
The drinking systems are tested for following characteristics: Effectiveness in providing cool water for extended periods in warm environments Efficiency durability, and ease of use in the fireline environment Compatibility with PPE and other fireline equipment Cost effectiveness Maintainability (meeting hygiene and health requirements). SDTDC-CNH Spring 08


79 Weather Kit Evaluate content of current kit
Feasibility of electronic weather instruments

80 Weather Observation Kit GSA Wildland Fire Equipment Catalog,
Psychrometer $22.57 Wind Speed Indicator $18.14 Smoke Chaser’s Compass $10.64 Weather Kit Case $14.87 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

81 Belt Weather Kit - Recommendation
Replace mercury thermometers with non-mercury thermometers Remove notebook and writing board SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

82 Current Psychrometer Current Psychrometer
2 mercury thermometers on a metal mounting plate allowing for dry- and wet-bulb readings. Thermometer range is 30 to 110o F. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

83 Recommended Sling Psychrometer
Weksler Glass Pocket Sling Psychrometer Two 5 ½” red liquid filled lens front thermometers attached to metal back with handle for whirling. Thermometer range is 20 to 110o F. $65 with case SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

84 Why Phase Out Mercury Thermometers
Executive Order (Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management. Mercury on the list of 31Priority Chemical list established by the US EPA National Waste Minimization Program. The clean up can be very costly, averaging $1000 for one broken thermometer. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

85 Belt Weather Kit Mercury Red-Liquid Temperature Range 30 to 110o F
Replacement1 ~ $13.50 each Psychrometer1 $22.57 $42.95 Belt Weather Kit1 $83.91 $ Electronic Weather Kit $ (Kestrel 3000)3 Notes: Commercial single unit price (Forestry Suppliers) Commercial 10 or more price (Forestry Suppliers) No accessories SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

86 Weather Kit – Disposal Disposal: ~$500
Hazardous waste contractor transportation: ~$200 Assumptions: As long as thermometers are in tact, disposal cost is much less because it’s not considered a hazardous waste Thermometers on stock estimated to fit in two 5 gallon containers Cost of shipping to a central location is not included. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

87 Belt Weather Kit - Refurbishment
Alternatives for refurbishment Each cache refurbish existing stock & dispose of thermometers Each cache refurbish existing stock & send to a central disposal location Centralized location for refurbishment & disposal Cache Contractor, e.g. Lighthouse for the Blind Do not refurbish, exhaust current stock. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

88 Alternatives for New Purchases
Do nothing Replace thermometer in the IPD. Modify IPD to replace “mercury indicator” to “non mercury, red liquid indicator”. Replace psychrometer in the weather kit with, COTS psychrometer. Replace psychrometer with an electronic weather kit. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

89 Electronic Weather Kits
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

90 Electronic Weather Kit
Not accurate for low RH MFG claims 5% error Actual measurement 10% error Costly Units with wind direction capabilities are 3 time as much as the current weather kit SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

91 Provide information to fire fighters & managers on respirators usage
Wildland Respirator Provide information to fire fighters & managers on respirators usage

92 Wildland Respirator A Tech Tip titled Respirator Usage by Wildland Firefighters was published in March 2007. Estimated completion of NFPA Standard: Fall 2010 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

93 Wildland Respirator Samples of non NIOSH-approved mask products
A typical NIOSH-approved dust mask SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

94 Fish Strainer for Helicopters

95 Fish Strainer for Helicopters
Fish strainer prevents fishes & fish eggs from getting into helicopter bucket. Prevents harming sensitive species Prevents transferring invasive species. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

96 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

97 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

98 Specification & Standards
Maintain FS standards Assure that items procured meets standards

99 First Articles - Workmanship
Thread inspection SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

100 First Article - Reducer
First Article Testing Assures that mfg is capable of making a product that meets specification Communicates FS requirements SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

101 First Article – Double Female Coupling
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

102 First Article – Garden Hose Wye
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

103 First Article – Nozzle Test
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

104 First Article – Hose Clamp
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

105 FireWatch Project Goal: Evaluate system
Looks at smoke particle behavior System used in several European countries On loan from the manufacturer Install in Strawberry Peak Lookout in the San Bernardino SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

106 Firewatch SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

107 Remote Control Dozer Assist in line constructions in steep terrain in tandem with handcrews Able to position in in accessible location using helicopter EERA – initial evaluation on 2 fires Spin off – the use of small dozers & excavators. SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

108 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

109 SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

110 Remote Control guy Swamper SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

111 Aerial Delivery Systems & Rheology
SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

112 For More Information Contact: Ralph Gonzales Fire Program Leader
(909) x 212 Webpage: SDTDC-CNH Spring 08

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