Presentation on theme: "Unlimited potentials with fire science"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unlimited potentials with fire science Dr. Heather L GartenEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical University WorldwideGarten Solutions, LLCUnlimited potentials with fire science
2 Outline Background Current Research Goals for this project Successes due to this beginning researchGoals for Future ProjectsERAU Worldwide Fire ScienceQuestions/Comments
3 Background (1) Boeing 787 Dreamliner Battery Fires 2013 January 7-Japan Airlines at LoganJanuary 9-United Airlines reports problem with wiringJanuary 11-FAA announces comprehensive review
4 Background (2) Mark Severson’s Research The Application of Advanced Composites for the Construction of Commercial Transport AircraftHow do we form a universal test for approving composite materials for aircraft use?DAMAGE DETECTION/STRUCTURAL HEALTHResearch suggested the FAA continue to modify their testing of composite materialsReview industry standards versus FAA standards(New) Sound wave testing
5 Background(3) ERAU Worldwide Fire Science Program Partner with DFW Fire Training Research CenterA-380 TrainerHydrocarbon PitHeat associated with an actual FireEnvironmentally friendly
6 Background(4) Putting it all together: Composite materials are quickly becoming integrated into aircrafts~50% of aircraft parts are now compositeLight weight, high strength, and corrosion resistantFire fighting techniques quickly changingDemand for greater environmentally friendly methods
8 Current research (1) April 2013 Boeing Fire Department Release 50% of Boeing 787 Composite (777 had 11%)
9 Current research (2) Boeing April 2013 Release: Composites do not hinder firefightingCutting through the Carbon Laminate Fuselage is easily accomplishedComposites do not aid in the spread of fireComposite fuselage has longer burn time than aluminum AND transfers heat at a slower rate than aluminum
11 Fire hazards and damage (1) If there is undetected damage, how does this affect fire fighting?Are their dangers when cutting through the fuselage?Potential risks with pressure from the heat?Heathrow incident fire burned through the carbon-fiberHow fire resistant is it really?What temperatures are we looking at?If an anomaly, perhaps undetected damage?
13 Health concern (1)The research on health risks with Carbon Composite fires suggests more research is neededCarbon fibers released into the air during combustionFibers contain toxic organic compoundsCurrent research shows some fibers are small enough to be inhaled deep into the lungsWould this number increase with longer burn times? Higher burn temperatures?
14 Health concerns (2)Possible chemical interaction between foam and compositesNot much research hereSafety for both passengers and fire-fightersTechnology changes rapidlyBoth foam and compositesHow do we quickly test and mitigate before implementation?
16 Environment (1) Interaction of foam and carbon fibers Follow-on from health concernUnforeseen damage to the atmosphere?Currently research demonstrates the environmental safety of foamConcern lies within the rapid introduction of composites
17 Environment (2)Incineration of carbon fiber not recommended for disposalReleases small electrical conductive fibersCan cause interference issuesSuccess here: Company contacted me after webinarCircuit board continued to malfunctionFound carbon fibers in circuit boardHypothesis: Fibers small enough to incinerate from heat of board/device thus releasing electrical interference
18 Environment (3)Incineration of carbon fiber not recommended for disposal continued…Greater issues given the probable location of the fire: AirportFire onboard the plane: Would this pose a potential issue when trying to contact the plane?
20 Future topics (1) SPACE Space travel IS our present and future How do composites withstand atmospheric pressure changes?Dangers involved with undetected damageProper attire for space travelEveryday people-MARKETING MARKETING MARKETINGNeed to combine the knowledge of fashion engineers and aerospace engineers to make this happen
21 Future topics (2) SPACE Continued Fires on these newly designed shuttlesWide open for research innovation!!!Space X, Blue Origin, and many others are partnering with local schools to enable projects to go into spaceGreat opportunity to expand your research
22 Future topics (3) Cargo Plant and animals are being viewed differently Ensure cargo safety and care just as with humansAustralia is at the forefront of animal care combined with travelSHRM found employees are positively impacted by environmental efforts at workplaceCarbon fiber release in firesIf plant/animal cargo inhale, what are dangers (or maybe benefits!) to humans?
23 Future topics (4) Music is a mathematical marvel How can we apply this to testing composites for damage?Already being looked intoCertain pitches are used more today than in the past three centuriesZ12 Entropy-how many times the pitch occursReason? Sure there is! Sound needs a greater research outlet in all areas: Medicine, aerospace, agriculture, etc.
24 ERAU fire science program: the perfect package for research
25 FIRE SCIENCE BACHELOR of Science Degree Program Chair: Dr. Ron Wakeham Associate Chairs: Dr. Rene Herron MS. M.K. Gorman Dr. John Griffith
27 Fire Science Degree Related Occupations Public Safety ProfessionalsFire Service, Emergency Management, Medical Response, DispatchHazardous MaterialsEngineeringPublic Safety AdministrationForestryEnvironmental ConsultingOccupational Health & SafetyAviation Operations Manager/Security
28 FESHE RecognizedNational Fire Academy certificates awarded with successful completion of FESHE coursesSACS AccreditedRegionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools
29 100% ONLINETaught by experts in field2 SpecializationsAviation Emergency ManagementFire & Emergency Services
30 ERAU – Worldwide and Dallas/Fort Worth Fire Training Research Center (DFW FTRC) have a Cooperative Agreement.Specific courses taken at DFW FTRC can count toward credit within Fire Science program at ERAU – Worldwide.
31 Program specificsGeneral Ed creditsProgram credits 51 creditsOpen electives creditsSpecified electives 9 creditsTOTAL credits
32 Agreements:SignedDFW Fire & Research Training FacilityTechnical Schools in State of GeorgiaHOPE scholarship approvedIn pipelineAircraft Rescue & Fire Fighting (ARFF)FDNYVarious Community Colleges(examples: Allegheny, Greenville Technical, Prairie State, etc.)
33 Questions? Dr. Heather L Garten firstname.lastname@example.org