Presentation on theme: "Le Corbusier The father of “International Style” design"— Presentation transcript:
1 Le Corbusier The father of “International Style” design By Kathy Bui and Melanie Kha
2 Birth of an Architect Philips Pavilion, Brussels Born October 6, 1887 in La Chaux de Fonds, SwitzerlandDied August 27, 1965 in Cap Martin, FranceFrench ArchitectAlso known as Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-GrisEducated at La Chaux de FondsDesigned buildings in Europe, India, Russia, South America, and the United StatesHe based his designs on his theory of functionalism and in the use of new symbolsHe believed that the twentieth century was an age of progress and engineering and technological advances that should benefit everyoneStarted designing in 1925 and his career lasted for 5 centuriesPhilips Pavilion, Brussels
3 or the “Colonial chair” Look of lightness and comfort In Le Corbusier’s philosophy, the creation of new functions in design is aimed at originating modern values.Basculant Chairor the “Colonial chair”Look of lightness and comfort
4 Natural curves with stable support Steel or stainless steel “ Pure Prism: smooth, white concrete and glass structuresChaise Lounge 1928Natural curves with stablesupportSteel or stainless steel
5 Grand Comfort 1928Chrome-plated tubular steel frameEvokes comfortGrand Comfort Sofa
6 Siège Tournament 1929Centre Le Corbusier, Zürich,SwitzerlandUpholstered swivel chairMade of tubular steel
8 The Great LegacyOn August 27, 1965 Le Corbusier swam in the Mediterranean Sea at Roquebrune Cap Martin, France ( against his doctor’s orders). His body was found later that day and buried next to his wife“ His influence was universal and his works are invested with a permanent quality possessed by those of very few artists in our history.” said Lyndon B. Johnson“Modern architecture has lost its greatest master.” said the Soviet Union
10 Amika Dayal Maddie White Vivian To Art NouveauAmika DayalMaddie WhiteVivian To
11 What is Art Noveau?DEFINE. An international philosophy, style, art, and architecture.ORIGIN. Europe and North America.TIME PERIODPHILOSOPHY. Spiritual, individualistic, and free of materialism.“Art should be a way of life.”
12 WHAT MAKES IT ART NOVEAU? FLORALS and PLANT motifs.STYLIZED, FLOWING CURVILINEAR forms.ORGANIC composition.Incorporates ART in EVERYDAY LIFE.
20 Eero Saarinen (August 20, 1910 – September 1, 1961) Andrew RiveraJonathan NguyenKurtis N.Eero Saarinen (August 20, 1910 – September 1, 1961)
21 PhilosophyEero Saarinen was an American architect and product designer of the 20th century.He was famous for his varying style of simple, sweeping, and arching structural curves.His furniture followed the Miesian style of glass and steel.His furniture was mainly part of his ‘one piece, one material’ philosophy.
22 Time PeriodIn late 1930s while experimenting with Charles Eames, Eero Saarinen co- developed new furniture forms and the first designs for furniture of molded laminated wood.He worked for his father's firm from 1939 to 1947.He continued with his architecture and furniture until his death in 1961.
33 PhilosophyThe Eames viewpoint and philosophy are related through the banana leaf parable.A banana leaf is the most basic dish off which to eat in southern India.Charles and Ray identified the need for affordable, yet high-quality furniture for the average consumer -- furniture that could serve a variety of uses.Used 3D shaped surfaces or flexible materials instead of cushioned upholstery to comfortably support the human body.
39 Experimental “Minimum Chair” -designed in 1948- painted metal mesh and rod.
40 Eames Lounge Chair & Ottoman released in 1956 after years of developmentMade of molded plywood and leather
41 Colleen Vuong, Joanne Huynh, Anh Le Marcel BreuerColleen Vuong, Joanne Huynh, Anh Le
42 Marcel Breuer May 1902-July 1961 Designed Furniture in the 1920s to 1930s. After the 1930s, he designed private and commercial buildings.Used new technology and new materials in order to develop his ‘International Style’ of work.Designed a whole range of tubular metal furniture including chairs, tables, stools and cupboardsHelped to develop modular construction. This is the combination to form a simple but functional unit.One of his most famous piece is the Wassily Chair.
43 1929 Wassily ChairTubular steel, wood, and canvas.
44 1965 Coffee TableBreuer designed these wooden tables for the Stillman family.Wood laminate overhanging and a black painted wooden base.
45 1935 Laccio TableChromium plated tubular steel with black or white plastic laminated tops.
46 4-Shelf BookshelvesWood/metal shelves, tubular metal frame.
47 S 285 DeskRound tubular frame, drawer component, top board.
48 1928 Cesca ChairChrome plated tubular steel structure. Seat, back and armrests made of woven cane on wooden frames.
49 The new industrialized world BauhausThe new industrialized world
50 Bauhaus Time Linein Germany Founded by Walter Gropius
51 Bauhaus Made to be functional Also inexpensive He created it for the new industrialized world
56 1927 Bauhaus K 40 table Tubular steel table, glass top. "I considered such polished and curved lines not only symbolic of our modern technology but actually technology itself," reflected Marcel Breuer about his celebrated table.Tubular steel table, glass top.
60 His PhilosophyWright had a deep knowledge of and a lot of respect for natural materials such as wood and stone. These materials had been used in different ways – covered, painted, plastered, and altered to suit any particular fashion or taste. But in his works, these materials were always used in the natural form, for example, the use of masses of stone as the natural feature of the building.
61 Furniture Mr. Wright first started making furniture in 1940 The first piece was a executive desk found in the Franscis Little HouseHis first recliner seat is found in the Dana Thomas HouseThe spindle back chair is found in the Heurtley House
62 Most of his furniture designs used symmetrical designs in some way. Blend of Prairie Style and Mission/Craftsman StyleGlobe made in 1903
63 Furniture StyleProminent in Wright’s own residence “Taliesin” in Spring Green, Wisconsin, this signature chair is comfortable, compact, and perfect as a stand alone or as a dining room chair.This nostalgic chair is perfect the spaces you use for entertaining, intimate conversation, Wright designed variations of this recliner for many of his Prairie Era homes.This architectural hall table presents the strong horizontal and vertical lines of Wright's Prairie designs.
64 Mature Organic StyleOne of Wright's most famous private residences was built from 1934 to 1937—Falling water—for Mr. and Mrs. Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr., at Mill Run, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh. It was designed according to Wright's desire to place the occupants close to the natural surroundings, with a stream and waterfall running under part of the building. The construction is a series of cantilevered balconies and terraces, using limestone Kaufmann's own engineers argued that the design was not sound. They were overruled by Wright, but the contractor secretly added extra steel to the horizontal concrete elements.
65 Homes Built Hollyhock House Charles Ennis House Santa Cruz French House
66 By: Milan Nguyen Andrew Hanna Greg Nguyen Stickley FurnitureBy: Milan NguyenAndrew HannaGreg Nguyen
68 BiographyGustav Stickley was born into a fairly poor family on March 9, 1858 and died on April 21,1942 in Syracuse. He’s responsible for what is known as Mission style furniture. This in interest in furniture began when he started working in a chair factory with his uncle as a teenager and was able to produce 96,000 chairs a year. He also strongly believed in a philosophy about work and masteries of crafts.
69 Philosophy Stickley’s philosophy was arts and crafts. Stickley's new furniture reflected his ideals of simplicity, honesty in construction, and truth to materials. Unadorned, plain surfaces were enlivening by the careful application of colorants so as not to obscure the grain of the wood and mortise and tenon joinery was exposed to emphasize the structural qualities of the works.