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Presentation on theme: "Nouns."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nouns

2 What is so important about nouns?
Nouns allow us to communicate about things or ideas around us. Without nouns, we would not be able to communicate with others. Assuming you were only allowed to communicate in writing, what would society look like if you couldn’t communicate with nouns?

3 What is the definition for a noun?
A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing or idea. Examples: Car, leader, Texas, exploration

4 Kinds of Nouns Common nouns vs. Proper nouns
Concrete nouns vs.Abstract nouns Singular nouns vs. Plural nouns Collective nouns Compound nouns Possessive nouns

5 Common vs. Proper Nouns A common noun is a general name for a person, place, thing, or idea. A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea. Example: singer vs. Jennifer Lopez player vs. Michael Jordan

6 Identity a correct proper noun for each in the right hand column.
Common Noun country  lake day singer restaurant city president holiday  month  planet Proper Noun _________________

7 Concrete vs. Abstract Nouns
A concrete noun names a thing that can be seen, heard, smelled, tasted, or touched. An abstract noun names an idea, feeling, quality, or characteristic. Love vs. flowers Happiness vs. food

8 Noun Exercise Write each noun and label it concrete or abstract and common or proper. We went to Graywood Park and got an idea when we saw the birds in the pond. Using a piece of wood, we saw that Robert could actually lift the men sitting on the benches next to us. Because we live in Hawaii, all we see is water, sand, and waves. Communication is a very important process for all people. Mary is filled with happiness today because justice has been served by the judge.

9 Answers: Graywood Park - concrete, proper; idea - abstract, common; birds - concrete, common; pond - concrete, common__ piece - concrete, common; wood - concrete, common; Robert - concrete, proper; men - concrete, common; benches - concrete, common_ Hawaii - concrete, proper; water  - concrete, common; sand - concrete, common; waves -concrete, common_ communication - abstract, common; process - abstract, common; people - concrete, common_ Mary - concrete, proper; happiness - abstract, common, justice - abstract, common, judge -concrete, common__

10 Noun Exercise (continued)
My folder fell out of my briefcase and landed somewhere on Green Drive. During the storm, the Raymonds lost their power, but nevertheless, they were still happy. The Statue of Liberty displays love to everyone. The ability to talk is a very powerful advantage. The muffins sat in the oven as the fire crackled.

11 Answers (continued) folder - concrete, common; briefcase - concrete, common; Green Drive - concrete, proper storm - concrete, common; Raymonds - concrete, proper; power - concrete, common Statue of Liberty - concrete, proper; love - abstract, common ability - abstract, common; advantage - abstract, common muffins - concrete, common; oven - concrete, common; fire - concrete, common

12 Collective Nouns A collective noun is a word that names a group of people or things. Examples: crew, team, neighborhood, colony Can you think of any others? group of fish; group of birds; group of cattle; group of whales.

13 Activity Workbook Assignment: Do pages 31, 32, & 33A.

14 Singular vs. Plural Nouns
A singular noun names ONE person, place, thing, or idea. A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Car vs. cars Goose vs. geese Bus vs. buses

15 Plural Noun Exercise Write each singular noun in plural form.
dress -  ___________________ church -  __________________ half -  ____________________ boy -  ____________________ kite -  ____________________

16 Plural Nouns (continued)
colony - _________________ knife - __________________ box -   __________________ computer -  ______________ key -  ___________________

17 Answers dress - _dresses_ church - _churches half - _halves
boy -  _boys__ kite -  _kites__ colony - __colonies_ knife - __knives_ box -   __boxes_ computer -  _computers_ key -  __keys_

18 Activity Workbook pages: 34, 35, & 36A&B

19 Compound Nouns A compound noun is a noun that is made up of two or more words. Most compound nouns in English are formed by nouns modified by other nouns or adjectives. For example: The words tooth and paste are each nouns in their own right, but if you join them together they form a new word - toothpaste. The word black is an adjective and board is a noun, but if you join them together they form a new word - blackboard.

20 Compound nouns can also be formed using the following combinations of words:
+ toothpaste Adjective blackboard Verb swimming pool Preposition hanger on underground haircut dry-cleaning output

21 Collective & Compound Nouns
Write each collective and compound noun and label it collective or compound. We saw a flock of birds fly across the sky. My son-in-law brought me a pair of tennis shoes. The doghouse was broken after a herd of cattle ran stomp. A fleet of ships headed for San Francisco. Don't forget to put on your seat belt!

22 Collective & Compound Nouns (cont.)
We added a flashlight to our playground. We saw a school of dolphins at the Mediterranean Sea. At high school, you get to observe a colony of ants. I am the editor-in-chief of the school paper. My family is obsessed over the printing press.

23 Answers flock – collective
son-in-law - compound; pair - collective; tennis shoes – compound doghouse - compound; herd – collective fleet - collective; San Francisco – compound seat belt - compound flashlight - compound; playground – compound school - collective; Mediterranean Sea – compound high school - compound; colony – collective editor-in-chief - compound; newspaper - compound; school – collective family - collective; printing press - compound

24 Possessive Nouns 1. If a singular noun does not end in s, add 's
The delivery boy's truck was blocking the driveway. Bob Dole's concession speech was stoic and dignified. The student's attempts to solve the problem were rewarded 2. If a singular common noun ends in s, add 's—unless the next word begins with s. If the next word begins with s, add an apostrophe only. (This includes words with s and sh sounds.) The boss's temper was legendary among his employees. The boss' sister was even meaner. The witness's version of the story has several inconsistencies. The witness' story did not match the events recorded on tape.

25 Possessive Nouns 3. If a singular proper noun ends in s, add an apostrophe. Chris' exam scores were higher than any other students. 4. If a noun is plural in form and ends in an s, add an apostrophe only, even if the intended meaning of the word is singular (such as mathematics and measles.) The instructor asked us to analyze ten poems' meanings. The dog catcher had to check all of the dogs' tags. It is hard to endure the Marine Corps' style of discipline. 5. If a plural noun does not end in s, add 's Many activists in Oregon are concerned with children's rights. Everyone was disappointed with the American media's coverage of the Olympics in Atlanta.

26 Possessive Nouns Exercise
Complete each sentence by filling in the blanks with the possessive form of the nouns in the parentheses. The _____________ bikes were seen left on the ground. (brothers) The _____________ helmets were very shiny. (policemen) Mary could not catch the ___________ ball. (children) That was _________ idea. (Melissa) The __________ car is a Ford. (Henrys)

27 Possessive Nouns Exercise (cont.)
Write each group of words using a possessive noun the room of the teachers the bubbles of the four fish the house of Mr. Williams the baton of the conductor the cameras of the photographers

28 Answers The brothers' bikes were seen left on the ground. (brothers)
The policemen's helmets were very shiny. (policemen) Mary could not catch the children's ball. (children) That was Melissa's idea. (Melissa) The Henrys' car is a Ford. (Henrys)

29 Answers (cont.) the room of the teachers the teachers' room___
the bubbles of the four fish      the fish's bubbles_____ the house of Mr. Williams      Mr. Williams's house___ the baton of the conductor      the conductor's baton_ the cameras of the photographers      the photographers' cameras

30 Activity Write a short letter to your best friend about a trip that you took this summer. Describe where you went, what you saw and what you did. (5 minutes)

31 Assignment With a highlighter, highlight all the nouns. Then, place each word in the appropriate category on the handout provided.

32 Workbook Assignment Complete pages 31, 32A, 33A

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