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Mohamed Ally, Ph.D. Chair and Professor, Centre for Distance Education Program Director, Ed.D. Program Researcher Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research.

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Presentation on theme: "Mohamed Ally, Ph.D. Chair and Professor, Centre for Distance Education Program Director, Ed.D. Program Researcher Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mohamed Ally, Ph.D. Chair and Professor, Centre for Distance Education Program Director, Ed.D. Program Researcher Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute (TEKRI) Athabasca University Canada CCRTUV Presentation October 2011

2 Outline Transition of open and distance education Why use emerging technologies in education and training? Types of emerging technologies Mobile learning in education and training Future trends Research needed

3 Generations of Open and Distance Education First Generation: Correspondence Second Generation: Print with telephone support Third Generation: E-learning Fourth Generation: Mobile learning Fifth Generation: Ubiquitous learning

4 Why Mobile Learning?

5 New Generations of Learners

6 Online presence Now generation Virtual generation Social networking Games Digital experts Adapt to technology quickly Technology is second nature

7 Remove barriers to learning Access from remote locations Students can learn from anywhere and at anytime Many learners already have mobile devices Learn in context Why Mobile Learning?

8 Cater to different learning styles Learning is more learner- centered More affordable and portable Learning materials are easy to update and deliver Why Mobile Learning?

9 Information Explosion

10 World Stats on December 31, 2011 1,154,082 - New book titles published this year 486,969,372 - Newspapers circulated today 5,016,909 - Cellular phones sold today 170,621,232 - Money spent on videogames in the world today (US$) 2,300,698,564 - Internet users in the world 333,210,860,185 - Email messages sent today 3,887,154 - Blog posts today 158,628,950 - Tweets sent today 3,433,845,337 - Google searches today

11 A special report on managing information The Economist, Feb 25, 2010 1 Exabyte = one billion gigabytes 5 Exabytes: All words ever spoken by human beings

12 Emerging Technologies

13 Mobile cellular has been the most rapidly adopted technology in history. Today it is the most popular and widespread personal technology on the planet, with an estimated 4.6 billion subscriptions globally by the end of 2010.

14 Virtual Devices


16 Future of Technology According to a recent Futurelab report, by 2020, digital technology will be embedded and distributed in most objects. Personal artefacts such as keys, clothes, shoes, notebook, and newspaper will have devices embedded within them which can communicate with each other. We will not be taking any devices with us, they will exist everywhere.

17 Globalization

18 In the pocket banking A library in everyones pocket

19 A doctor in everyones pocket Are we ready for Lifelong learning in the pocket

20 Open Education Resources


22 Open Access Book Download Statistics

23 Ally, M. (2009) Mobile Learning: Transforming the Delivery of Education and Training

24 Number of Downloads by Countries United States – 8,843 Canada – 3,037 India – 2,295 United Kingdom – 2,257 Malaysia – 1,112 Australia - 934 Germany - 916 Iran, Islamic Republic of - 780 China - 697 Brazil - 642 France - 589 Spain - 550

25 Indonesia - 532 Italy - 501 South Africa - 497 Saudi Arabia - 485 Philippines - 422 Egypt - 384 Japan - 378 Portugal - 374 Netherlands - 346 Korea, Republic of - 333 Sweden - 331 Mexico - 316

26 Thailand - 285 New Zealand - 232 Russian Federation - 228 Greece - 165 United Arab Emirates - 155 Israel - 155 Nigeria - 151 Kenya - 143 Pakistan - 153 Vietnam - 128 Colombia - 107

27 Mobile Learning Open Access Book Download Statistics Total number of free downloads over two years = 34,600 Number of countries that downloaded the book over two years = 50 Number of print copies sold over 500

28 Open Access English Lessons - Usage Statistics

29 Open Access English Lessons - -

30 Students 21 st Century Skills (Ally, 2010) A. Communication B. Personal Skills C. Project Management D. Continuous Improvement E. Conflict Resolution F. Problem Solving G. Information and Communication Technology H. Team Work I. Interpersonal Skills J. Emotional/ Social Intelligence K. Personal Well-being L. Leadership M. Globalization N. Research O. Critical Thinking

31 Course Delivery Using Mobile Devices

32 Mobile Course Delivery Study was directed to over 500 students in 3 different computer science courses (all are completely online and distance delivery) Students were asked to complete a unit of study using a mobile device then complete a survey Many students completed one or more units but only a sub-set of the students completed the survey to determine their experience with the mobile devices

33 Results No difficulties encountered in access using mobile devices. A variety of devices used by students: iPaq, PalmOne Treo and Tungsten, Blackberry, Dell Axim, Pantech 3200, Motorola Razor, Samsung, UT Starcom, Toshiba Pocket PC e330, and even a PSP (Portable Sony Playstation). A complete range of connection plans including WiFi, phone plans, and desktop synchronization.

34 What Activities Should Mobile Devices Support Access to Online Assignments 17 Login to courses and study materials 15 Peer-to-peer interaction 12 Course Forums 12 Access to Quizzes 12 Access to Helpdesk 11 Group interaction sites (Facebook) 8

35 Language Training

36 Mobile Learning Lessons in Different Sectors

37 Multimedia Features -video Health and Wellness video followed by interactive questions Health and Wellness video followed by interactive questions




41 State of Mobile Learning in Canada

42 Recommendations for Canada Canadian organizations should leverage the success stories they have with the development of mobile devices to promote and expand mobile learning in Canada and eventually around the world. A national agency should be established or an existing agency should be used to coordinated mobile learning activities across Canada so that mobile learning developers, researchers, and mobile device manufacturers can communicate with each other to share best practices and research results. Develop standards for mobile learning so that learning materials can be developed and shared between organizations. Include mobile learning as a stream in the Tri-council research grant programs. Develop training programs specializing in mobile learning for delivery across Canada. Canada must build the expertise in mobile learning to tap into the expanding global mobile learning market. With initiatives such as Education for All and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, there will be significant demand for mobile learning materials.

43 Recommendations for Canadian Organizations Integrate mobile learning in strategic, business, and educational plans. Create partnerships between industries and educational institutions to collaborate on the mobile learning research and the development of learning materials. Develop a research agenda for mobile learning. Publish research studies so that all Canadians can have access to the results of the studies.

44 Mobile learning challenges Technology is changing at a rapid rate Developing standards for mobile learning Etiquette of using mobile devices when learning Not enough training programs to develop mobile learning expertise

45 Current Research Initiatives at Athabasca University ESL training for Canadian workers Use of mobile devices by older adults Learners use of mobile devices in distance education Mobile technology in libraries State of mobile learning in Canada

46 Mobile Learning Trends Virtual devices Immediate assembly of learning materials Intelligent agents to adapt the interface for the learner Intelligent learning materials (e.g. learning objects) to cater for individual learner needs Open Education Resources (OER) Less use of textual materials – more multimedia

47 Research Needed Most effective interfaces for mobile and virtual devices Learning style of different cultures and mobile learning What are the characteristics of mobile technology for different cultures? Interactivity on mobile devices How to design and deliver multimedia materials for mobile learning? How to deliver learning materials to meet the needs of the nomadic learner who is always on the move? How to deliver vocational training in a mobile world? How to design content for the different age groups? What are the characteristics of the next generation of mobile technology for lifelong learning?

48 Thank you Mohamed Ally, Ph.D. Chair and Professor Centre for Distance Education Researcher Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute (TEKRI) Athabasca University Canada

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