Presentation on theme: "Basketball Officials Training Florida International University."— Presentation transcript:
Basketball Officials Training Florida International University
Pre Game Duties Sign-in with supervisor when you arrive to the gym (15 Minutes before your first game) Get nightly court assignments when you check in Assist in setting up the basketball courts, tables, chairs, sign-in and whatever else the supervisors may have you do to get the games started on time.
Keys to Success, Pre Game Meet with the other officials on your court after setup and discuss the upcoming games, you should know names of fellow officials, what games you will have throughout the night and should discuss things that may occur during the game. Discuss your officiating style with the other officials, make sure everyone is on the same page. Discuss knowledge of teams and things that should be looked out for.
Sign in Players must sign in at the sign-in table before their scheduled game time. Only players with a Panther Card or an Intramural Pass will be allowed to sign in. There will be no checking in at the scorers table unless a supervisor is present and has okayed it, NONE!!!!! All players on the score sheet should report their number before or during the captains meeting to ensure that the game starts on time.
Rosters, Grace Periods and Forfeits Teams must have 4 players signed in to start a game. Co-Rec No less then 2 players from either sex If you see that there may be an issue with teams on your court find a supervisor and let them know. At game time if a team is not ready with the correct number of players the grace period will begin.
Grace Period If, at the scheduled game time, a team does not have 4 players, a 10-minute grace period will be granted in an attempt to ensure that the game is played. The 10-minute grace period will be deducted from the actual game time. During this grace period, the team with the minimum number of players present will be awarded 1 point for every minute or portion of a minute after the scheduled start time up to the tenth minute. If, at the end of the grace period, the team still does not have the minimum number of players the game will be declared a forfeit.
Equipment – Required A player must wear… a matching team shirt/jersey with numbers Either their own personal matching t-shirts with numbers or our pennies Shorts/pants Shoes Closed-toe shoes only shoes with non-marking soles are permitted on the courts
Equipment – Illegal JEWELRY!!!!!!!! billed hats bandanas illegal guards, casts or braces hard casts may not be worn below the elbow hard and unyielding items may be worn on the upper arm or shoulder if properly padded knee and ankle braces are permitted but exposed hinges must be covered Players may not wear… Players discovered in the game with illegal equipment must leave the game and remain out until the problem is fixed. Technical foul may be called.
Timing A game is made up of 2 halves Each half is 20 minutes in length The clock shall run continuously in both halves until the last 2 minutes of the second half except for: officials timeout or charged team timeout In the final 2 minutes of the 2 nd half, the clock will stop when an official signals for: a foul a held ball a violation a timeout any other dead ball
Timeouts Each team receives 3 timeouts per game and 1 additional timeout in each overtime (playoffs only) Timeouts are a maximum of 1 minute in length Timeouts do carry over Only players on court and Head Coach/Captain can call timeout.
Scoring & Mercy Rule A player must be behind the 3point arc for a successful 3 to be counted, all other baskets inside the arc are worth 2 points Free throws are worth 1 point Mercy Rule: 50 points at any time 30 points with 5 minutes or less left in the game 20 points with 2 minutes or less left in the game
Overtime Overtime is ONLY for playoffs Teams play toward same baskets as 2 nd half Each team receives one additional timeout during overtime 3 minutes, continuous clock until last 1 minute Team fouls continue from 2 nd half Overtime period begins with jump ball If score is tied at the end of the overtime period, another 3 minutes is given until winner is decided Begins with jump ball
Points of Emphasis Advantage/Disadvantage Avoid game interrupters Team/Player Control Focus Rough Play, Call the Obvious CALL FOULS!!!!!!!!! High Intensity Calls Game Management- get a good flow to the game Sportsmanship
Beginning the game Jump Ball Begin game Begin overtime period Unless period begins with technical foul Neither jumper shall: touch the toss before it reaches its highest point leave the circle before the toss has been touched catch the jump ball touch the ball more than twice
Alternating Possession An alternating-possession throw-in shall occur when: a held-ball occurs the ball goes out-of-bounds having last been touched simultaneously by opponents a simultaneous free throw violation occurs a live ball lodges between the backboard and ring or comes to rest on the flange opponents commit simultaneous goaltending or basket interference violations double personal or technical or simultaneous fouls occur and the point of interruption is such that neither team is in control and no goal, infraction, nor end of period is involved. The beginning of the second half. The A/P throw-in shall occur at the spot nearest where the ball becomes dead.
Violations Traveling Intentionally kicking the ball* Striking the ball with a fist* Causing the ball to enter the basket from below* Three-seconds in the key Closely guarded Carrying the ball Excessively swinging elbows(without contact)* Ten-second backcourt Over and back (Backcourt) Double Dribble Goaltending/Basket Interference 5-second Inbound
Traveling There cannot be traveling if a player is legally dribbling the ball There cannot be traveling if a player is legally dribbling the ball Ball must be released to dribble before pivot foot is lifted Ball must be released to dribble before pivot foot is lifted Ball must be released on pass or shot before pivot is returned to ground if lifted Player on ground Can slide in attempt to gain possession Can roll ¼ turn Cannot attempt to stand Standing player may not touch ground with any part of body other than hand or feet
Three Seconds in the Key Once front court possession is established, no player from the offensive team may be in the key for 3 seconds The 3 second rule does not apply when a shot is in flight The 3 second rule does not apply on a throw- in attempt
Closely Guarded If a defender is within 6 feet of the ball carrier and has established legal guarding position: The ball carrier may not hold or dribble the ball for more than 5 seconds. If a player is holding the ball and the official has started a 5 second count that player may begin a legal dribble which starts a new 5 second count. If the player picks up the dribble a new 5 second count begins. Once the ball carrier attempts a pass or shot, or if the ball carrier gets head and shoulders past the defender, then the closely guarded count no longer applies
Ten-Second Backcourt The offensive team may not possess the ball in the backcourt for 10 seconds The count begins when a player secures possession in the backcourt
Over and Back (Backcourt) Once a team has established possession in the front court, no player from that team may pass, dribble, or enter the backcourt (this includes stepping on the half court division line) unless the ball is deflected by an opponent or if it is to rebound a shot Front Court position is established when both feet of the ball carrier and the ball in possession are in the front court
Double Dribble Dribble a second time after his/her dribble has ended, unless he/she has lost control because of: a try for goal a bat by an opponent a pass or fumble which has touched, or been touched by, an opponent
GoaltendingGoaltending vs. Basket InterferenceBasket Interference Four elements must be present for GT/BI to occur: Shot (Try/Tap) Downward flight (GT only) Entire ball must be above the level of the basket Chance to go in If the ball or basket (including the rim, net, and flange) is touched while the ball is within the cylinder, it is BI. NOTE: If a free throw is blocked, it is GT plus a technical foul on the player who blocked the ball. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qhNrJOZHlRI
Penalty for Violations The penalty for a violation is possession awarded to the opponents at the out of bounds spot nearest the violation.
Throw-In Violations Offense The inbounder may only run the line or pass to a teammate behind the line after a made basket The inbounder may not step across the line before the throw is released. The inbounder may not move more than a foot and a half sideways or forward before releasing the ball. The inbounder may move as far backwards as they desire. The inbounder must throw the ball onto the court within 5 seconds.
Throw-In Violations Defense The opponents of the thrower may not: Reach across the boundary line (delay of game warning) Contact the ball while in the throwers hands (Technical foul) Contact the thrower (Intentional Foul) Running the end line privileges are not lost if this violation occurs on the end line.
Legal Guarding Position Legally placing the body in the path of an offensive opponent. OBTAIN: Legally get to the spot first. BOTH feet must be in the playing court. The front of the guards body must be facing the opponent.
Legal Guarding Position MAINTAIN: The guard may be moving in any direction except toward the opponent when contact occurs. The guard does not have to have a foot or feet on the floor to maintain position. He/she may be in the air when contact occurs and still maintain a legal guarding position. The guard may raise hands or jump within his/her vertical plane. Do not penalize verticality. The defender can go straight up when they have obtained legal guarding position. Do not penalize verticality. The defender can go straight up when they have obtained legal guarding position. The guard doesnt have to continue to face the opponent. The guard may turn or duck to absorb contact.
Screeners A screener may not: when outside an opponents visual field, set a screen closer than a normal step from an opponent when screening a stationary opponent from the front or side, make contact with an opponent. A screen may be set just short of contact
Screeners A screener shall not: when screening a moving opponent, take a position so close to the opponent that the opponent cannot avoid contact by stopping or changing direction. The speed of the player being screened must be taken into account when position is established. when screening a moving opponent, take a position so close to the opponent that the opponent cannot avoid contact by stopping or changing direction. The speed of the player being screened must be taken into account when position is established. move to maintain a previously established position unless he/she moves in the same direction and path of the opponent. If opponents are moving in the same direction and path, the player being screened is responsible for contact if the screener slows up or stops and contact occurs.
Fouls The penalty for any foul is the ball awarded to the offended team at the out of bounds spot nearest the foul, unless free throws are awarded
Double Fouls A double foul is when 2 opponents commit fouls against each other at the same time Both fouls count against the team foul count, but no free throws are awarded if one or both teams are in the bonus Play is resumed with a throw-in to the team in possession at the point of interruption at the out of bounds spot nearest to the ball at the time of interruption
Contact A player shall not: Hold Push Charge Trip Impede the progress of an opponent by extending an arm, shoulder, hip or knee, or by bending the body into anything other than a legal guarding position
Contact Use hands or forearms to control the opponent. Contact an opponent with the hands unless such contact occurs on the opponents hand while the ball is in the opponents hand. The ball is part of the hand. Offensive player may not charge into an opponent who has established legal guarding position.
Technical Fouls The penalty for a technical foul is 2 free throws awarded to the offended team, plus a throw-in from half court opposite the table Technical fouls include: Disrespectfully addressing an official Using inappropriate language or gestures Taunting Intentionally contacting an opponent when the ball is dead
Technical Fouls (Continued) Technical fouls include: Leaving the bench during a fight Purposely delay returning after legally being out of bounds Illegally contacting the backboard or ring to gain an advantage If a player strikes the backboard in a legitimate attempt to block a shot, it is not a technical foul A player may hang on the rim to avoid injury Goaltending a free throw attempt
Intentional and Flagrant Fouls The penalty for an intentional or flagrant foul is 2 free throws to the offended team plus a throw-in at the spot nearest the foul An intentional a foul is a foul committed by a player who is not making a legitimate attempt to play the ball A flagrant foul is a foul committed by a player who is not making a legitimate attempt to play the ball an is malicious in nature
Continuous Motion(Shooting Foul) Only applies to a foul by the defense. Interval of time begins when the habitual throwing movement for a shot starts. The interval ends when the shooter returns to the floor
Player Foul Counts A player is disqualified if he/she receives: 5 fouls (personal & technical) 2 technical fouls
Foul Counts and Free Throws No free throws: For each common foul before the bonus rule is in effect For player control or team control fouls For double or simultaneous personal or technical fouls After time has expired in the second half or extra period unless the point(s) would affect the outcome of the game. 1 free throw if fouled in the act of shooting and the try or tap is successful
Foul Counts and Free Throws Bonus free throw(does not apply on player or team control fouls): For 7 th, 8 th, and 9 th team foul for each half if first free throw is successful Beginning with 10 th team foul for each half whether or not the first free throw is made 2 free throws if intentional or flagrant, plus ball for throw in Fouled in the act of shooting and the try or tap is unsuccessful: 2 free throws on a try or tap for 2 points 3 free throws on a try or tap for 3 points
Free Throws During a free throw when lane spaces may be occupied:
Frequently Misunderstood Rules Top, side and bottom of backboard are not out of bounds Must pass completely over top, hit back or support Over the back Back court violations 3 points establish front court Traveling Carry Timeout ball placement
Co-Rec Differences Acceptable player combinations: 2 men / 2 women 3 men / 2 women 2 men / 3 women The ball used for the game will be a womens ball unless both teams agree to use a mens ball
UNIQUE GAME SITUATIONS Protests Ejections Injuries Blood on the court or player
PROTESTS What do I do if a player wants to Protest? Ask the player if they are sure they want to protest Find a supervisor and tell them you have a protest Allow the supervisor to make the decision and then enforce the decision
I JUST EJECTED A PARTICIPANT… Immediately notify the Supervisor Record the participants name The player must leave the game
A PLAYER GOES DOWN… Immediately notify the Supervisor Do NOT provide medical assistance to the player The player must leave the game A substitute will be allowed
Concussion and Blood If it is believe that a player has suffered a concussion, he/she shall not be permitted to return If an official observes that a player: is bleeding, has blood on his/her uniform, or has an open wound, that player must leave the game and correct the problem before he/she may be permitted to return to the game.
AFTER THE GAME PROCEDURE Make sure you secure the game ball. Get together with your crew and discuss how you felt the game went. Your crew must come up with a sportsmanship rating for each team. Report the score and sportsmanship rating to the scorers table. Score keeper must submit the game sheet to a Supervisor. Prepare for your next game If it is the last game of the night assist with breakdown of the courts and do not leave until a Supervisor has signed you out.
Sportsmanship 2 technicals / player = ejection Bench and spectator conduct will be penalized Teams will need to maintain a 2.75 to get into the playoffs and must maintain an average higher than 2.75 throughout the playoffs to continue playing
SPORTSMANSHIP SCALE 4 Points: Excellent Conduct & Sportsmanship: Players cooperate fully with officials and opposing team members. The captain converses calmly with officials about rule interpretations and calls. A team that receives any conduct penalty during their event CANNOT receive 4 points.
SPORTSMANSHIP SCALE 3 points: Good Conduct & Sportsmanship: Team members verbally complain about some decisions made by the officials and/or show minor dissension, which may or may not merit a conduct penalty. Teams that receive multiple conduct penalties CANNOT receive 3 points.
SPORTSMANSHIP SCALE 2 points: Average Conduct & Sportsmanship: Team shows verbal dissent towards official and/or the opposing team, which may or may not merit a Yellow Card/Technical Foul/Unsportsmanlike Conduct Penalty. Captain exhibits minor control over his/her teammates, but is in control of him/herself. Teams receiving 2+ Yellow Cards/Technical Fouls/Unsportsmanlike Conduct Penalties will receive no higher than 2 points. Any team defaulting a game will receive a 2 rating.
SPORTSMANSHIP SCALE 1 point: Below Average Conduct & Sportsmanship: Team constantly comments to the officials and/or the opposing team from the field and/or sidelines. The team captain exhibits little or no control over teammates or him/herself. Teams receiving 3+ Yellow Cards/Technical Fouls/Unsportsmanlike Conduct Penalties will receive no higher than 1 point.
SPORTSMANSHIP SCALE 0 points: Poor Conduct & Sportsmanship: Team is completely uncooperative. Captain has no control over teammates or him/herself. Any team that forfeits a game or causes a game to be forfeited or any team receiving multiple ejections will receive 0 points. Teams receiving 4+ Yellow Cards/Technical Fouls/Unsportsmanlike Conduct Penalties will receive no higher than 0 points.
Questions See everyone tomorrow at 7:00 on the courts Bring Whistle or $2