Presentation on theme: "Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 7 a.a. 2013/2014."— Presentation transcript:
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 7 a.a. 2013/2014
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Review of Unit 6: pp. 71, 72 (directions), 73, 74-75 Unit 7: Some, any, no, a/an and food vocabulary Countable/uncountable nouns How much/how many – quantifiers Future tenses: will & to be going to (plans & predictions)
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Countable nouns can be counted: I have one dog v I have three dogs Therefore I have both a singular and a plural: e.g., student/students, key/keys, bottle/bottles, cup/cups Uncountable or mass nouns cannot be counted: they only have a singular form: e.g., water, tea, cheese, chocolate, wine
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Additionally, as Concrete nouns signify material things that can be observed and measured(cat, desk). Abstract nouns signify non-material things, such as ideas, feelings, conditions (death, hope). Then …
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Count nouns refer to individual, countable entities. They cannot stand alone in the singular, and they allow a plural: interest–interests; share–shares. Non-count (uncount/mass) n.s refer to an undifferentiated mass or notion. They can stand alone in the singular, do not allow a plural, and occur in the singular with some: money; language; music
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Some/any/no are used in conjunction with the noun and their function is to limit the reference of the noun. They are called indefinite pronouns and can quantify the noun Some is used in affirmative sentences, in requests and offers: There are some baloons for the party; Can I give you some help? Would you like some drinks?
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Any is used in negative and interrogative sentences: I dont have any butter left, Have you got any extra shoes at home? No is used in affirmative sentences: No banks are open on Sundays a/an are indefinite articles always used with singular nouns: Can I have a bottle of water? I have no room left Exercises pp. 76-77, 135
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde HOW MUCH… / HOW MANY… How much money does it cost? UNCOUNT. How many books do you have? COUNT. Traduce il nostro quanto/a-quanti/e? Exercises pp. 135
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde A big quantity: a lot of & lots of (C & U.), much (U.), many (C.), quite a lot (C. & U.). Much & many are usually used in negative and interrogative sentences: I dont have much money. A small quantity: not … much & not … many Zero quantity: not … any – I dont have any eggs left. Exercises pp. 135
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Will + infinitive – instant decisions, offers, promises, predictions To be going to – plans, predictions Present continuous with the value of future, similar to be going to Simple Present – with timetable A2 level – only the first two types
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde ContractedNegativeInterrogativeInterrogative negative Ill cookI wont cook (I will not cook) Will I cook?Wont I cook? You/he/she/i t/we/theyll cook You/he/she/i t/we/they wont cook Will you/he/she/i t/we/they cook? Wont you/he/she/i t/we/they cook?
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Instant decisions: Ill give you a ride to the party Offers: Ill help you with that homework Promises: Ill do it tomorrow Predictions: I think sales will increase
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde The verb to be in the present + going + to+ infinitive of the lexical verb ContractedNegativeInterrogativeInterrogative negative Im going to travel Im not going to travel Am I going to travel? Arent I going to travel? he/she/its going to travel he/she/it isnt going to travel Is he/she/it going to travel? Isnt he/she/it going to travel? You//we/the yre going to travel You//we/the y arent going to travel Are you//we/they going to travel? Arent you//we/they going to travel?
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Future plans – Im going to go to the US next month, Im going to talk to him tomorrow Predictions – I think its going to rain (because its cloudy and its very possible/probable that its going to rain) Exercises p. 135 Reading comprehension pp. 82-83
Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Food vocabulary Complete the Instructions on p. 85 and write instructions to make your favourite sandwich/dish