Texture The way something feels is due in part to its texture. Desks are smooth, roads are rough, cactuses are prickly, cats are furry, and basketballs are bumpy. Texture is caused by the surface features on an object-how far parts of the surface extend up or down from the surface, and how the features are organized.
Coin Rubbings This penny is a textured object. I can put it under a piece of paper, hold it very still, and rub the paper over the object with a pencil. Lets see how it works. (Demonstrate penny rubbing.)
Your Turn Practice the technique using a pencil or a crayon and a penny.
Materials You will need: You will need: Pennies Pennies Paper Paper Crayons Crayons Colored pencils Colored pencils Time: 10 minutes Time: 10 minutes
Discuss the Rubbing Technique The technique that you used to reveal features on coins is called rubbing. Rubbing often shows textures on an object that are hard or impossible to see in any other way. What you see is a pattern, or design, from the object being rubbed. A pattern is not a texture but a representation, or picture, of a texture.
Questions: 1. What features of the penny can you see by rubbing? 2. Which tool, the crayon or the pencil, do you think is better for making the rubbing of the coin? Why? 3. How did you rub the coin? What technique did you use? 4. How does your rubbing style make a difference in the pattern that you make? 5. What happened to the pattern if the coin moved as you were rubbing?
Make More Rubbings Activity You will use the Rubbing Samples Sheet to collect patterns of textured objects using rubbings. Materials: Rubbing Samples (No. 2-Student Sheet) Rubbing Samples (No. 2-Student Sheet) Set of objects Set of objects Time: 15 minutes Time: 15 minutes Teacher demonstrates how to place one of the circles over a textured object and rub only inside the circle.
Discuss the Student Sheets Which materials made the most interesting rubbings? Which materials made the most interesting rubbings? What can you see now that was hard to see when you looked at the material directly? What can you see now that was hard to see when you looked at the material directly? Rubbing is a good technique for recording textures and patterns that are difficult to see.
Word Bank technique-a way of doing something, a method or procedure. texture-the surface features of a material or object. Texture can often be felt, but fine texture is revealed visually. pattern-a design, how something is arranged.
Summary How can rubbings help you learn more about an objects surface? (Teacher can read: Creative Solutions)
Leaf Rubbings What might be revealed if we made rubbings of leaves?
Parts of a Leaf What is the function of each part?
Venation Patterns The pattern that the veins make on the leaf is called a venation pattern. There are three basic patterns of leaf venation.
Parallel Parallel leaves have veins that look like many straight lines all running in the same direction from the base to the tip. Venation Patterns
Palmate Palmate leaves have several main veins that all start from one point near the base. The veins resemble the palm of the hand with fingers extending in different directions. Venation Patterns
Pinnate Pinnate leaves have one main vein with many large veins that branch off sideways all along the main vein. The veins look like a feather. Venation Patterns
Students will make a crayon or pencil rubbing of each kind of leaf in the bag. Students will identify the type of venation pattern of each leaf rubbed. Materials: 1 Bag of leaves 1 Bag of leaves Sheets of white paper (4) Sheets of white paper (4) Crayons/ Colored Pencils Crayons/ Colored Pencils Leaf Rubbing Activity
These are the shoes in my closet. Shoe Rubbings Experiment
Can your team match the shoe with the correct rubbing? Shoe Rubbings Experiment 1.Croc 2.Tennis Shoe 3.High Heeled Shoe 4.Slipper 5.Walking Boot
Rubbing Inventions Can you come up with some other ways to use rubbings? (Teacher can read: A Self-Made Inventor) 1.Invent a sorting/matching game. 2.Invent a way to color a map using rubbings. 3.Invent a way to find out something about shoes. 4.Invent an art project using rubbings.