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Session 171 Comparative Emergency Management Session 17 Slide Deck.

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Presentation on theme: "Session 171 Comparative Emergency Management Session 17 Slide Deck."— Presentation transcript:

1 Session 171 Comparative Emergency Management Session 17 Slide Deck

2 Session 172 Session Objectives 1.Provide an Overview of the Factors Involved in Selecting Risk Mitigation Options 2.Describe the STAPLEE Method of Assessing Risk Mitigation Options 3.Describe an Alternative Method of Assessing Mitigation Options Developed Outside the United States 4.Explain Why Mitigation Measures Must Be Incorporated into Development and Relief Projects

3 Session 173 Assessing Mitigation Actions Emergency managers must understanding mitigation measure –Costs –Sought after benefits –Expected and unexpected secondary consequences This knowledge allows emergency managers to take the most responsible actions when assembling the most appropriate combination of risk mitigation measures to address their communitys or countrys unique risk profile

4 Session 174 Factors to Consider Expected impact on risks and vulnerabilities Probability of implementation –The amount of political support –The amount of public support –The amount of support from the business sector –The amount of support from nonprofit and interest groups Financial cost of the measure (short- and long- term) The long-term vs. short-term benefits that the mitigation measure offers

5 Session 175 Hazard Mitigation Plan These plans: –Detail the community risk reduction strategies –Represent the end result risk assessment / analysis The processes by which mitigation options are selected stem from the steps involved in drafting a risk mitigation plan. The plan is based on such things as: –Capability –Costs / benefits –Risk reduction that will be achieved –Public acceptability –Goals of the community

6 Session 176 STAPLEE Methodical / standardized First developed by FEMA Allows emergency managers to use a consistent process A mitigation option analyzed according to the STAPLEE criteria may produce very different outcomes in different places Each criteria considers a different aspect of the community and requires different methods of information collection and analysis No definable or identifiable priority or weight assigned to any of the criteria

7 Session 177 STAPLEE (Continued) Stands for: –Social –Technical –Administrative –Political –Legal –Economic –Environmental

8 Session 178 OAS Risk Mitigation Planning Process In the aftermath of Hurricane Georges Two Countries: –St. Kitts and Nevis –Antigua and Barbuda Project sought to formalize hazard mitigation planning and projects Standard methodology

9 Session 179 OAS Process Steps Training Hazard Assessments Vulnerability Assessments Capability Assessments Plan Formulation

10 Session 1710 OAS Mitigation Plan Components Goals –To improve the national capability to manage the impact of natural hazards Objectives –Develop technical training programs Tasks –Pass Development Regulations for the Development Control Planning Act 2000 Mitigation Actions –Strengthen and reinforce the structure of public buildings along with accompanying facilities such as water and power distribution lines, and roads

11 Session 1711 Mitigation and Development Development workers must be aware of hazards Hazard mitigation must be incorporated into project design Obstacles: –Mitigation is costly –Risk may not be known –Poor political support –Poor political understanding World Bank Disaster Management Facility

12 Session 1712 Mitigation and Recovery Disasters are opportunities in disguise Rebuilt society can be more resilient than before the disaster occurred New focus on risk in the immediate aftermath of the disaster

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