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Archetypes in literature and film

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1 Archetypes in literature and film
Archetypal Symbols, Characters and Stereotypes What are a few examples of archetypes commonly found in literature and movies? -Austin Hughes-

2 Objective Performance: Students will be able to locate examples of archetypal characters, symbols, and images. Condition: Using these examples, students will identify patterns in archetypal usage and make suggestions regarding the author’s purpose of usage, and classify the examples into groups that represent their stereotype. Criteria: The students will identify at least three archetypes and apply their knowledge to accurately classify each character to a particular stereotype and provide evidence for their decision.

3 OVerview Brief history “The Good Guys” “The Bad Guys”
Activity (worksheet Hand-out) Archetypal Colors and Symbols Group Activity

4 Etymology ARCHETYPE First used in English in 1540.
The word archetype derives from the Latin noun archetypum. Meaning “Pattern, Model, Type”

5 Common types of archetypes
Protagonist Antagonist The Hero The Anti-Hero The Mentor Villain The Trickster The Shadow


7 Types of heroes The Willing Hero
Willing to undertake any quest courageously The Unwilling Hero Doubtful, passive, unwilling to journey The Loner Hero Able to overcome opposition alone Tragic Hero Have a tragic flaw that hurt them in the end

8 Examples of heroes The Willing Hero
Beowulf; King Arthur; Red Crosse Knight The Unwilling Hero Achilles, Hercules, Bilbo, Aragorn The Loner Hero James Bond; Superman; Indiana Jones Tragic Hero Romeo; Brutus; Hamlet; Macbeth Jack Sparrow is an example of a modern unwilling hero.

9 Types of Mentors The “Wise Old Man/Woman”
Possesses wisdom and experience The Comic Mentor Provides humorous advice Continuing Mentor Recurring character such as boss or best friend Fallen Mentor Have faced a similar crisis; provides warning The word Mentor was originally used in the Odyssey. Telemachus, the son of Odysseus, is guided by a man named Mentor (who is actually Athena in disguise). Since Athena is known as the Goddess of Wisdom, and wisdom is associated with age and experience, Mentors in literature and films are typically wizened old men and women.

10 Examples of Mentors The “Wise Old Man/Woman Yoda, Van Helsing, Gandalf
The Comic Mentor Glenda the Witch, Fairy Godmothers, Continuing Mentor Alfred, Mentor, Una Fallen Mentor Haymitch, Yoda

11 Anti-heroes Classic Anti-Hero Frankenstein, Achilles, Hercules
Generally oppressive, pessimistic, and/or corrupt. Motivated by own personal desires Reluctant Classic Anti-Hero Frankenstein, Achilles, Hercules The Tragic Anti-Hero Jack Sparrow, Darth Vadar, Han Solo

12 Heroes & their mentors Heroic characters typically have a guide that enlightens them near the beginning of their journey and/or in times of hardship. Frodo had Gandalf Batman had Alfred Luke Skywalker had Ben Kanobi Mina Murray had Van Helsing


14 The Villain The foil of the hero Dueling personalities, tricky
Classic Villains Moriarty, Long John Silver, The Dragon Modern Villains The Joker, Hannibal Lector

15 The shadow Classic Example Mr. Hyde, Duessa Modern Example
Hero’s foil (Mirror Image of the hero) Dueling personalities, tricky The arch enemy Classic Example Mr. Hyde, Duessa Modern Example The Dark Sith,

16 The Trickster Seek to humiliate or outwit the Hero
Antics cause the adventure Cunning and foolish Classic Tricksters Archimago, Reynard the Fox Modern Tricksters Bugs Bunny, The Riddler, the Joker

17 Other archetypes The CHIEF - a dynamic leader, he has time for nothing but work 
The BAD BOY - dangerous to know, he walks on the wild side 
The BEST FRIEND - sweet and safe, he never lets anyone down 
The LOST SOUL - a tormented being, he lives in solitude 
The CHARMER - a smooth talker, he creates fantasies
The PROFESSOR - coolly analytical, he knows every answer 
The WARRIOR - a noble champion, he acts with honor

18 During Reading Activities

19 Archetypal Colors Black: Death/mourning, emotional darkness, hidden desires/instincts, un-enlightenment. Black: darkness, chaos, mystery, the unknown, death, wisdom, evil, melancholy. Blue: The color of the spirit, the spiritual, the heavenly, the divine, intuition, inspiration. Has the association with the unconscious and feminine qualities. Green: In positive terms, Mother Nature, fertility, hope, renewal, health, youth, harmony, prosperity. The color of sensual and spiritual passion. Orange: Balance, creative expression, pride and ambition, cruelty, ferocity, luxury. As the color of fire, can represent burning away impurities.

20 Archetypal Colors Purple: The color of royalty, imperial power, pride, justice, intuition, wisdom, truth. As a blend of red and blue, it is the color of authority/ power and the wisdom to know how to use it. Red: Blood, life, life-force; embarrassment, anger; fire, lust, passion. Associated with activity, energy, courage, will power, and war. White: Purity, holiness, sacredness, redemption, mystical enlightenment, innocence, joy, light and life it is transcendent perfection. It signifies the union of opposites to form a whole as well as the symbolic death of transformation and renewal. Yellow: The sun, illumination, intellect and generosity, maturity. The color of fire and thus the purification of flame. Yellow: enlightenment, wisdom.

21 After Reading Activity
Each group will choose an archetype: (Hero, villain, mentor, or trickster.) List 3 physical characteristics List 3 personality traits and/or ideals Describe the archetype’s typical purpose in the story. Provide 3 famous examples of your archetype in literature Split into groups of three

22 Homework Assignment Applying the information from today’s lesson, create a unique set of archetypal characters (a hero, a mentor, and a villain) and write a short story using your characters. Story must be at least one page in length Contain an introduction, problematic situation, and a conclusion explaining the hero’s triumph or defeat. Ticket in the door: Place completed short story in box beside the door.

23 Georgia Standards ELA10RL2: The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of theme in literary works and provides evidence from the works to support understanding. E. I. Archetypal Characters (i.e., hero, good mother, sage, trickster, etc.) ii. Archetypal Patterns (i.e., journey of initiation, search for the father, etc.) iii. Archetypal Symbols (i.e., colors, water, light/dark, etc.)

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