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Individualized Plan of Care: Changes in Process & Documentation.

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Presentation on theme: "Individualized Plan of Care: Changes in Process & Documentation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Individualized Plan of Care: Changes in Process & Documentation

2 Best Practice Evidence based Clinical Pathway for a patient population used as basis for plan; if such a pathway is not available, age-appropriate generic pathway should be used Individualized to a specific patient ALL members of team contribute (Patient/family, Provider, Nurse, Soc. Wk., Therapists, Dieticians, Child Life, others) Reviewed regularly, revised with change in patient status Focus on significant, priority problems Reflects progress towards measureable outcomes A practical tool to help the team coordinate care, evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, and patients progress

3 Current and Proposed Processes -- in Brief Current Process Admission: Print Paper Pathway from E-Docs; retain in paper chart (w/ or w/o written updates) Reflect individualization by: – Updates to Pathway (paper) – Nurse-entered orders (HEO/Wiz) – Documentation on Plan of Care Tab (HED) – Documentation by other team members (StarPanel and paper) Q shift/Q24h (per unit stnd.) POC review/revise: – Document status/revisions on paper pathway &/or in HED (Name of Pathway, Pathway Phase, Status, Why Goals Not Met, Action, Plan) With handovers – review POC (Pathway, Phase, Status) Discharge – same as handovers plus if any unresolved issues, must document plan to address post discharge. Monitoring – requires audit of paper chart and HED Proposed Process Admission: Select Pathway & save to Patient Electronic Medical Record (EMR )in StarPanel. Reflect customization by documentation in HED (Nursing). Electronic documentation from all disciplines accessible in StarPanel & aggregated in OPC view. Q shift/Q24h (per unit stnd.) POC review/revise: – Review documentation by other team members and Pathway (StarPanel OPC); consider assessment data and input from patient and family. – Document: Name of Pathway & Phase (if new, changed) (HED) For each significant problem, review/revise as needed expected outcome & document status towards expected outcomes (HED) Document summary of patients status in Nursing Summary & highlight issues of concern in Priorities/Plans (HED) Handovers: Use OPC to review Pathway, significant, priority Problems, Expected Outcomes, Status, Nursing Summary, Priority & Plans (StarPanel OPC) Discharge: Same as current process. Monitoring: Electronic reporting from HED

4 Admission Process Complete Admission History in StarPanel & initial Assessment in HED (same as current process) From StarPanel, select best pathway for patient. Save to StarPanel. Based upon clinical assimilation of your assessment, patients history, pathway, orders, patient/family input, & multi-disciplinary input, identify and prioritize most significant problems and document in HED. (At least 1 problem and no more than 3-4 problems at a time!) For each problem, identify an expected outcome. Each outcome should be: – Specific – Measureable – Outcomes should represent patient behavior/status rather than a task a team member will complete (i.e. Pt. will demonstrate ability to change ostomy bag without assistance by POD #3 NOT Pt. education on ostomy care done by POD #3)

5 Daily/Q Shift (per unit standard) Review/Revise Plan of Care by: Review Pathway; based on goal attainment for the current Pathway phase, determine if the patient will remain, progress, regress to a different Phase. Following initial Pathway documentation, you only need to document changes in Pathway or Phase. Review orders; verbal & written input from team, assessment, rounds, & patient/family as basis for evaluation of patient progress toward expected outcomes & identification of new problems. Document actual outcomes of current problems. Adjust expected outcome as patients status changes. If priorities have changed, end lower priority problems and add higher priority ones. Enter nursing orders for new interventions if the interventions are not already included on Pathway or Current Orders. Interface with other disciplines as patients condition warrants. Use OPC to view team documentation

6 With Handovers (change in care provider, level of care, unit transfer, etc.) Use OPC to review Plan of Care and Priority Problems with receiving Nurse Click on Pathway Name to View

7 Other Functionality of the OPC OPC = Overview of Patient Care Ease of access to Multidisciplinary Data Current Orders Hyperlinks for Details Team Pager Hyperlink Family Contact Info Trends VS & I&Os Excellent tool for handovers – print in lieu of Current Order Sheet

8 Upon Discharge Review Pathway, orders, input from patient family, & team, status of expected outcomes for each active problem. Document status of each problem. Annotate plan for post discharge follow-up for priority problems that are not resolved by discharge.

9 Customize Action Box 1.To Add E-docs Pathway and OPC v.2 2.Click on Actions then click Customize 3.Click on desired items (turning them blue) 4.Click Install New Actions

10 To Select Clinical Pathway 1.Action Box – click on E-docs Pathway 2.Check Peds or Adult – Enter text in Search to narrow selection options 3.Scroll through list to find Pathway Click on E-docs Pathway

11 Select & Save Pathway to EMR 1.To view Pathway – click on view 2.Can Print Education Documents from this screen 3.To Select Pathway click on Pathway Name 4.Add to Pathway by clicking on OK 5.Confirmation Screen that Pathway was added

12 OPC – To View Patients Pathway Click on Pathway Name to Open & View

13 HED - Plan of Care/Dschg Plan Tab

14 Enter Pathway Name & Phase 1.Initially document Pathway and Phase 2.Upon Review of POC, only document changes in Pathway or Phase

15 Click Start New Problem Adding Problems

16 Expected Outcomes 1.Patient specific 2.Measurable 3.Represent patient behavior/status (what the patient will achieve not a nursing task) 4.Enter brief text description of Expected Outcome

17 Actual Outcomes 1.Rating of patients progress towards expected outcome: Met Expected Outcome Improved Unchanged Worse 2.When first documented an expected outcome for new problem, SELECT initiated as the Actual Outcome

18 Click Type & Select from Drop Down List - adding comment is optional In date field, type T to load todays date

19 Daily/Shift Documentation: Pathway Name, Phase, Nursing Summary, Plan/Priorities New Fields

20 Nursing Summary Brief statement that summarizes and assimilates clinical data & events for shift Document toward end of shift (prior to 0500/1700) & upon Transfer Keep it brief & concise – 240 character limit Feeds into the Charge Nurse Snapshot as your summary of shift

21 Plan & Priorities Replaces Plan & Action in Plan of Care Complete with Nursing Summary Your recommendations for the plan & priorities for the oncoming nurse Examples: Ambulate in hall; Suction q3h; Vanc level due @ 10am; CT scan @12pm Keep it brief & concise – 240 character limit

22 Daily/Shift Documentation: Update Expected & Actual Outcomes Initiated, Met, Improved, Unchanged, Worse

23 Add or End Problems as Clinically Indicated

24 To End a Problem 1.In field of problem to be ended, click on Magnifying Glass 2.Under End a Problem, click in the date field, type T for Today 3.Adding a comment is optional 4.Click Save Click on Magnifying Glass - opens End Problem Box

25 If there are more than 4 Active problems … Lower priority Problem will not be significant focus at present time 3-4 most significant Problems will be focus at any point in time. Use significant flag for the Expected Outcomes to denote these if there are > 4 active problems Document against significant priority Problems at least once each 24 hrs. In this example, youd chart against Problems circled in green but not against those circled in red.

26 Example of Daily Problem &Expected Outcome Update

27 Hover to View HED Documentation Hover Over Field – Pop-up Box will display data last entered for this field

28 Resources 1.Helpful resources are available via HED 2.Click on Links in HED and select the option of your choice 3.Mosbys Nursing Consult offers helpful info re: Plans of Care

29 Resources in StarPanel: Mosbys Nursing Consult 1.Click on Inf. Resources 2.Click on Resources 3.Click on Nursing Res. 1 2 3

30 Mosbys Nursing Consult includes the SKILLS section we use as our procedure manual plus much more. For help with planning care for patients w/unfamiliar disease processes, check the Evidence-Based Nursing section for monographs. There are links to Mosbys from HED links & StarPanel 1 2 3

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