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Diversity in Education:

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Presentation on theme: "Diversity in Education:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Diversity in Education:
An overview of education in South Africa Robert Calbeck & David Montecucco EDSE 501 – Psychology of the Exceptional Child

2 To understand the attitude toward children when it comes
to education in South Africa today we must first study the history of the persecution of the black people until 1990. Apartheid (ap-ar-taet) is the policy and the system of laws implemented and enforced by "White" minority governments in South Africa from 1948 till 1990; and by extension any legally sanctioned system of racial segregation., 2010

3 Nelson Mandela was an attorney, received his law degree just before the Apartheid regime took control. He receiving his law degree in the late 30’s. Then became an activist against the apartheid political machine that was taking over the country., 2008

4 Bantu Education Act of 1953 which was in effect until 1990
There is no place for the African in the European community above the level of certain forms of labor White South African children received a quality schooling virtually for free Teacher: pupil ratios: 1:18 in white schools 1:39 in black schools 96% of teachers in white schools were certified 15% of teachers in black schools were certified, 2008

5 Nelson Mandela: 1994 Mandela becomes President
1990 released from prison spent negotiating peace between the black population & the government 1994 Mandela becomes President Immediate plan set forth to educate the masses Create health care for the Bantu population, 2008

6 Mandela is committed to developing a rigorous academic environment
We believe all students, given adequate time, effort, discipline and support, will be able to graduate ready to enter college or fulfill other goals fully prepared for the academic work required Mandela set forth the following decree: Our school theme, Bridging Multiple Worlds, uses the lens of multiculturalism and social justice as we prepare students academically to be literate in their native language and in a second language. focuses on community and family collaboration, 2008

7 1994 South Africa Demographics, 2008

8 1994 South Africa Demographics
percentages Age range, 2008 Wikipedia, 2007

9 1994 South Africa Demographics
United States Birth Rates 20.6 births per 1000 14.20 births per 1000 Infant Mortality 42.5 deaths:1000 births 6.4 deaths:1000 births Life expectancy 50.7 years 78 Years Death Rate 22.4 deaths/1000 population 8.3 deaths/1000 population Languages 11 official languages - Afrikaans English IsiNdebele IsiXhosa IsiZulu Sepedi Sesotho Setswana SiSwatiTshivenda Xitsonga English, and 1 possible second language, 2008

10 Official Language Breakdown, 1994, 2008

11 Aids Health Care Crisis:
5 million people infected with HIV 31% of pregnant women are infected with HIV 20% of people under 20 years of age are infected with HIV 3.5 million orphans as of 2005 *** 18.1% of children under 2 yrs of age are infected as of 2009!!! Wikipedia, 2009

12 Literacy: Government support: 86.4% as of 2008***
Defined as 15 year olds who can read & write 86.4% as of 2008*** 10% of students fail to pass 9th grade 40% of students fail to pass 12th grade Government support: 20% of budget spent on education 15% of budget spent on health care, 2008

13 Wikipedia, 2008, 2008

14 3 bands of education General education & training, age 7 to 15, emphasis on: read, write, calculate. Further education & training, age 15 to 18, emphasis on: proficiency in general subjects and second language High education and training, age 19 to 25, similar to colleges world wide, 2008

15 Interesting foundations set up during the late 90’s
26000 formal schools total….including all levels of education 400 special needs schools 60 pilot schools were established by 1998 (2 in each of the 30 regions) which were based in ‘full service’ education featuring specially trained teachers who were based in the local culture and circumstances. The emphasis was on diverse education. specialized services and support in rural and previously disadvantaged areas, to gain access to education Early Childhood Development ECD is a comprehensive approach to programs and policies for children from birth to nine years of age with the active participation of their parents and caregivers Its purpose is to protect the rights of children to develop their full cognitive, emotional, social and physical potential, 2008

16 Certain educational concepts were emphasized over and over
Human 4 different grade levels civilizations, apartheid, Us Civil war, slavery of different centuries Health & Welfare Sex education ( 2 levels), society and fellow humans 4 different grade levels Equality, freedoms, education, imperialism, fall of USSR, 2008

17 Democracy in the Classroom Project was launched in August 2003,
in conjunction with United States’ Agency for International Development (USAID) and United Kingdom's Department for International Development (DFID) Outcome of this program was to recognize barriers in education: autism behavioral problems visual impairment tuberculosis children in conflict with the law physical disability neurological and specific learning disabilities Multi-disability intellectual disability hearing impairment communication disorders epilepsy over-aged learners. Wikipedia, 2010

18 Special Education is done at the totally inclusive pilot
schools (1 reason there are 2 such schools in each region) as well as the over 400 special needs schools. Teachers and Case workers: Immediately they sought out people from each region to become teachers and social workers because they new both the language as well as the culture of the region Establish systems to handle the orphan problem, which meant to get them in school as well as develop a system for psychological help. 2004 – the emphasis switched to administrative help and principles 366,000 educators were trained and put in place by 2004. This was done in conjunction with the United states Agency for International Development (USAID) and United Kingdoms Department for International Development (DFID) Wikipedia, 2010

19 Conclusion - South Africa is a fledgling education system
Which seems to have initiated some great ideas: Parent involvement is high All children are given an education Education to the 9th grade is held in high regard Regulation of curriculum is in the ‘regional’ level, while funding is supported at the national level Special education is a high priority since 2003 Special attention to ‘orphans’ Seek help from outside, US & UK Social/cultural issues take priority, 2008

20 Apartheid. (2006). In Word IQ. Online. http://www. wordiq
BBC study in south Africa. (2003). In in world history Online Demography of the United States. (2007). In Wikipedia. Retrieved from Wikipedia Online. Education in South Africa(2010). Tourism of South Africa, Online. Education in South Africa. (2008). Unesco Institute for statistics Online. South Africa. (2007). In Wikipedia. Online. South Africa Classroom. (2002). In South Africa History Online. South Africa Classroom. (2008). In South Africa History Online.

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