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1920s Culture Pop Culture Emerges.

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Presentation on theme: "1920s Culture Pop Culture Emerges."— Presentation transcript:

1 1920s Culture Pop Culture Emerges

2 Essential Questions: • Why did the U.S. experience so much political and social change during the 1920s? • Why did the 1920s see the emergence of the “consumer society”? • What issues led to Prohibition in the 1920s, and what problems contributed to its failure? • Why did many see the 1920s as a period of rebellion by American youth? • What changes occurred to marriage and the American family structure in the 1920s? • How did government economic policies during the 1920s lead to the Great Depression?

3 Women in the 20s What are Flappers?
A. Women who embraced new fashion, urban attitudes and culture. - Image of rebellious youth. B. Many looked to gain more equal status in society with men. C. Drank and smoked in public: actions that would have ruined their reputations a few years before.

4 Women of the 20s D. Double Standard Emerges
- Traditional roles of women were being challenged – finding a man, cooking, cleaning, and taking care of the children still at the top of the roles women had however education beyond the “arts”, jobs, and equality became a more dominant theme. After women gained the right to vote they felt strength in numbers and challenged the old stereotypes of men and women. Sexual freedom became an issue along with birth control (Margaret Sanger). -Women smoked and drank with the men, dressed in revealing clothes or clothes that traditionally were thought of as a man’s apparel. (not only short dresses, but trousers, short bobbed hair…) Famous women of the era include: Alice Paul (suffrage), Ida Wells (author), Bessie Smith (African American singer), Greta Garbo (actress), Georgia O’Keefe(artist), Margaret Sanger (birth control advocate), Helen Newington Wills Roak (tennis gold medalist 1924 Olympics), , Helen Keller (political activist), Dorthea Lange, Jeannette Rankin (1st female member of Congress)…

5 The American Teenager is Born
The young of the 1920’s, in particular the teenage youth were a dynamic subculture that had its own ways of speaking, dressing, and acting. Because of the automobile teens now had some sense of privacy away from the oversight of the adults. Friends and peers had a greater influence on behavior as the young spent more and more time away from the home front. Youth peer culture grew in the context of the extended length of time teenagers and young adults spent in school. In the 1920s the high school, college, and peer group replaced the family's role in socializing adolescents; now these institutions defined the world of youth. Words like: cash or check, baloney, bearcat were all apart of the new slang…”She doesn’t drink, she doesn’t pet, she hasn’t been to college yet…” rhyme of the times” The focus on education was marked by increased attendance: between 1900 and 1930 high school enrollments increased 650 percent, and attendance in colleges and universities went up threefold. Of the three decades, the 1920s witnessed the greatest rate of increase. By 1930 school attendance was a mass phenomenon for the first time: close to 60 percent of the high school age population attended school… Source: American Decades, ©2000 Gale Cengage. All Rights Reserved.

6 TThe American Teenager is Born
Americans were realizing the potential of a longer education, and states were adding more years to their compulsory schooling laws. As a result, a larger number of teenagers were thrown into a common space than ever before. It was only natural that discussions about commonalties would occur. Before long, schools developed their own cultural patterns, completely unlike the childhood or adult experience. School athletics and extracurricular activities only enhanced this nascent culture. The American teenager was born. Writing prompts of the 1920’s

7 What was the Harlem Renaissance?
Harlem Renaissance – The increase and explosion of African-American artistic creativity in the 20’s. (In the Harlem community of New York.) Writers: Many explaining what is was like to be black in white America. Langston Hughes, Zora Neal Thurston / many famous authors left the country tired of the poverty and government after WWI among them were: F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemmingway, Gertrude Stein Music: The biggest impact was through jazz. - Louis Armstrong - Duke Ellington

8 Movies In the 20s Hollywood established itself as the movie capital of America. B = 20,000 movie houses C. Charlie Chaplin (“Modern Times”) D. Steamboat Willie

9 The Crash The Stock Market crash can be blamed on a publics view that the good times were here to stay, over exuberance and false expectations fueled these ideas. In the years leading up to 1929, the stock market offered the potential for making huge gains in wealth for the wealthy and the poor. It was the new gold rush. People bought shares with the expectations of making more money. As share prices rose, people started to borrow money or buy on margin to invest in the stock market. The market got caught up in a speculative bubble. – Shares kept rising and people felt they would continue to do so. The problem was that stock prices became divorced from the real potential earnings of the share prices and false companies brought corrupt people to add to the bubble. Prices were not being driven by economic fundamentals but the optimism / exuberance of investors. The average earning per share rose by 400% between 1923 and Yet, those who questioned the value of shares were often labeled doom-mongers. By October 1929, shares were grossly overvalued. When some companies posted disappointing results on October 24 (Black Thursday), investors started to cash in on their profits; share prices began to fall and panic selling caused prices to fall sharply..

10 The Crash Financiers, such as JP Morgan tried to restore confidence by buying shares to prop up prices. But, this failed to alter the rapid change in market sentiment.  On October 29(Black Tuesday) share prices fell by $40 billion in a single day. By 1930 the value of shares had fallen by 90%. The bull market had been replaced by a bear market. economics/wall-street-crash-1929/

11 Describe the 1920’s Describe the 1920’s economically, socially, and politically… Step one: write down what you remember Step two: check your notes for more information Step three: compare your information with your seatmates Step four: create an outline or web with your information Step five: Create a thesis Step six: write a description of the 1920’s using the 5 paragraph essay format.

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