Presentation on theme: "The Roaring Life of the 1920s"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Roaring Life of the 1920s U.S. HistoryChapter 13
2 Section 1 - Changing Ways of Life Many people were living in cities.The New Urban SceneJobs – day. Movies, vaudeville theaters at night.City life challenging, impersonal.
3 The Prohibition Experience 18th Amendment – banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. Takes affect in January 1920.Was unenforceable.Volstead Act – set up to enforce Prohibition, underfunded.
4 Hidden saloons and nightclubs – speakeasies. Bootleggers – smugglers of alcohol.
5 Organized CrimeAl Capone – Chicago - 6 years of gang warfare – bootlegging - $60 million/year.He killed off his competition while traveling around in his armor-plated car with bulletproof windows.“Public Enemy Number One”Went to jail for tax evasionCrime’s led to prostitution, gambling, drugs. Harassed honest merchants in to paying them for protection from other gangs, or they would smash their stores.By 1930, the annual “take” for the underworld was between $12 to $18 billion/year.
8 By mid 20’s only 19% support Prohibition. 1933 – repealed with the 21st Amendment.
9 Science and Religion Clash Fundamentalism – protestant movement grounded in a literal interpretation of the Bible.Rejected Charles Darwin’s theory of evolutionIn the South – lots of revivals, led by people like Billy Sunday and Aimee Semple McPherson
10 The Scopes Trial TN -crime to teach evolution. ACLU – promised to defend any teacher who wanted to protest it.John ScopesThey hired Clarence Darrow as his lawyer.William Jennings Bryan - prosecutor.
11 Scopes Trial – also called the Monkey Trial – role of science and religion in public schools and society.Bryan called to the stand as an expert on the Bible. On the stand Bryan admitted the Bible could be interpreted different ways.Scopes found guilty, fined $100. Later changed, but law teaching evolution remained in effect.
12 Section 2 The Twenties Woman Women – independent, rejecting the values of the 19th century.The Flapper – liberated young women embracing new fashions and urban attitudes. Hats, short dresses, beads, short dyed hair. Smoked, drank, danced. Saw marriage as an equal partnership.Casual dating - more acceptable.
14 Women Shed Old roles at Home and at Work New opportunities for women in the workplacenurses, teachers, librarians, clerical work.
15 The Changing FamilyBirthrate decreased. More birth control available. Margaret Sanger – founded American Birth Control League.Household life easier thanks to things that could be bought in stores.Working women jugglinghome and work.
16 Section 3 Education and Popular Culture 1914 – 1 million attending high school1926 – 4 million attending high schoolWhy? High educational standards for industrial jobs, offering more courses. Also states were requiring young people to remain in school until age 16 or 18.Literacy increased as education increased
17 Radio Comes of AgeNovember 1920 – Pittsburgh station KDKA broadcast the new of the Harding landslide. By late 1920s improvements had been made that allowed long-distance broadcasting possible.Created the experience of hearing the news together as it happened, like hearing the President speak, or sporting events like boxing or the World Series.Families gathered around the radio to listen to programming.
19 America Chases New Heroes and Old Dreams $4.5 billion spend on entertainmentBabe RuthAndrew “Rube” Foster – founded Negro National LeagueHelen Willis – tennisCharles Lindbergh - “Spirit of St. Louis”Amelia Earhart
20 Entertainment and the Arts Movies popular – 1903 – first movie – The Great Train Robbery.First full length movie – The Birth of a Nation (1915)First “talkie” – The Jazz Singer (1927)George Gershwin – concert musicianPainters – Edward Hoper and Georgia O’Keeffe
22 Writers of the 1920’s1920’s – one of the richest eras in literary historySinclair LewisF. Scott FitzgeraldErnest HemingwayWilliam FaulknerPoetry – Ezra Pound and T.S.Elliot
23 Section Four – The Harlem Renaissance Marcus Garvey – Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)Promote African American businessesEncouraged followers to return to AfricaConvicted of mail fraud and jailed
24 The Harlem Renaissance A literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American cultureWriters:Claude McKayLangston Hughes – poetPerformers:Paul Robeson – actorLouis Armstrong – jazzDuke Ellington – jazz pianist and composerBessie Smith – blues singer