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Presentation on theme: "BETAWI."— Presentation transcript:


2 Bekasi and Tangerang map
The Betawi people are concentrated more in Bekasi & Tangerang, Java

3 History One of Jakarta’s major ethnic groups
Their culture emerged from the melting pot of races, ethnic groups and cultures of Indonesia in the 19th century Strong Islam and Javanese influences in the Betawi culture of arts and music Betawi has a wonderful culture of its own

4 Culture Music : Gambang Kromong, Rebana Biang
Dances: Cokek, Samra, Japin, Blenggo Puppet play: Wayang Kulit Betawi, Ondel ondel

5 Ondel ondel Huge male or female puppet, about 2.5m height, made from wooden bamboo Their parades are usually accompanied by gambang koromong music

6 Costume Man's Costume : A thight - length coat with normal trousers,
Slip - on shoes Traditional Betawi headgear A special belt, called lokcan A dagger slipped in the belt A watch chain with a tiger claw attached 

7 Costume Woman's dress : A long Kebaya with buttened cuffs
A sarong with the lasem motif Pointed sandals with low heels A hair - piece of the cepol type A veil matching the kebaya A heavy gold or silver belt A three - teir brooch to fasten the kebaya

8 Yogyakarta

9 Map of Yogyakarta

10 History The earliest recorded history dates back to the 9th century which was dominated by Hindu and buddhist kingdoms. Yogyakarta itself dates back to the 18th century when the Muslim Mataram Kingdom was ruled by Paku Buwono II. After his death, there was a conflict between his son and his brother which was encouraged by the dutch who were trying to colonize the region on a ‘ divide and rule’ basis.

11 Temple of Borobudur




15 Yogyakarta Population: 30,851,144 (2000 census), which makes it the third most-populous province in indonesia. Main gateway to the center of Java where it is geographically located. Consists of five regencies and is one of the 26 provinces in Indonesia. Yogya: Distinct, traditional Javanese character. From 1946 to 1949, it was the capital of the Indonesian Replublic but for now it is the capital of the special territory of Yogyakarta

16 Yogyakarta Most of yogyakarta’s people are muslims. The main language of the city and the territory is Javanese. Agriculture produce in the territory includes corn, peanuts, rice and soybeans and there are many plantations of cacao, coconuts, coffee, cotton, kapok, pepper, rubber, tobacco and vanilla. Harvesting crops farmers raise buffaloes, cows, goats, hogs, horses and poultry as their main source of income. Yogyakarta Royal Troops

17 Major Festivals Greberb Syawal Ceremony (December/January) expresses praise and gratefulness to God by Moslems after having completed their fasting duty in the sacred month of Ramadhan. The ceremony begins with the parade of the Kraton guards in their colourful uniforms comprising of the Wirobrojo, Daeng, Ketanggung, Jogokaryo, Prawirotomo, Mantrijero troops lead by their commander-in-chief. Marching from the Siti Hinggil, through the Pagelaran to the Northern Square and then the Gunungan procession soon follows. Tanggap Warsa Suro (Javanese New Year) (Anytime from March to May) The Javanese calendar was created by Sultan Agung, King of the Mataram Dinasty, during the 16th century in Java. He mixed the Caka calendar with the Arabic calendar, (while the Caka calendar was a mixture between the original Javanese calendar and the Hinduist calendar in the first century). The Javanese New Year celebrations are started off  with wayang kulit performances on Parangtritis beach close to Yogyakarta itself.

18 Major Festivals Anniversary of Buntul Regency (July) The celebration of Bantul's anniversary is done in the traditional way. Traditional processions are held with its participants clad in traditional Javanese dresses, accompanied by various folk dances. It is held at Trirenggono square, Bantul starting early and ending with a procession of heirlooms. This procession uses andong (four-wheeled horse cars) escorted by guards in traditional dress.

19 The End Presented by: Pua Weicheng (u037438b)
Quek boon Guan Danny (u020094h) Hii Meng Ni (u041909x) Sarah Mei (ht040980l) muahahahahhahaha

20 The Indonesian Island of Bali

21 Geographical Location
One of the 14,000 islands that make up Indonesia Located 8 to 9 degrees south of the equator, east of Java and west of the Lesser Sunda Islands namely Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba and Timor Area of 5632 square km and measures up to 140km from east to west and 90km from north to south

22 Geographical Location
Consists of a chain of 6 volcanoes, between 1350m to 3014m, which stretches from west to east, with Gunung Agung being the tallest Has lush tropical forests, crater lakes, rivers, rice terraces, fertile vegetable and fruit gardens The most important form of agriculture on the island is the rice crop


24 Climate Tropical weather with temperature ranging from 20 to 33 degrees celsius all year round Rainy season from September to February, with the rest of the year being the dry season Will need sweater in higher regions of the island, for example, in the mountainous regions of Kintamani

25 Population & Economy Over 3 million, with 93.18% being Hindus
Most people live in the coastal areas in the south Economy fuelled mainly by the Tourist industry and supported by agricultural production and trade revenues, namely, from the textile industry and small scale industries producing handicrafts and souvenirs

26 Women in Traditional Costumes during a ceremony in Bali

27 Balinese in Traditional Dresses in Ceremonies

28 26th Bali Arts Festival The Bali Arts Festival is a full month of daily performances, handicraft exhibitions and other related cultural and commercial activities during which literally the whole of Bali comes to the city to present its offerings of dance, music and beauty. On display are trances from remote mountain slopes, forgotten or recently revived village dances, food and offering contests, classical palace dances, stars of Balinese stage, odd musical performances, "kreasi baru" (new creations) from the dance schools of Denpasar, as well as contemporary choreography and dance companies from other islands and from abroad.




32 BACKGROUND INFO Long, narrow island near northeast coast of Java
Pamekasan, the capital area of approximately 4,250 km², 66 outlying islands


34 Beaches Beautiful beaches, clear blue waters
Slopeng beach and Lombang beach near Sumenep city

35 Slopeng Beach

36 Lombang Beach

37 People Language: Madurese population of about 2.3 million
Predominantly Muslim

38 Livelihood farming, fishing, and cattle-raising
Local products: ikan, garam

39 CULTURE annual bull racing (kerapan sapi)

40 Bull Racing Bulls of Madurese stock

41 Do You Know? Special fodder for bulls!
Leaves of corn, soybean and good grass traditional spices like ginger, pepper, chilli, honey, beer and tens even hundreds of eggs believed to warm and strengthen the bulls The mixture is forced into the mouths of the bulls using a bamboo lath.

42 Bulls in Action Rider on a bamboo sled pulled by a pair of colorfully decorated bulls

43 DONE BY: Priscilla Fan Weiping Lim Yong Hao Terima Kasih

44 South Sulawesi

45 Baju Bodo accompanied by ornate gold jewellery
The traditional transparent Bugis blouse, the baju bodo or ' short-sleeved blouse', is now used especially for weddings accompanied by ornate gold jewellery it's colour indicate the wearer's status - unmarried girls wearing light reds, while older women wore darker colours

46 Map of Indonesia

47 South Sulawesi an orchid shape island
previously known as Celebes an orchid shape island  total land area square kilometers population of 7 million very beautiful seashore and highlands sceneries consist of 4 ethnic groups - Bugis, Makassar, Mandar, Toraja

48 Famous attraction Sengkang -- Centre of Buginese silk
Polewali-Mamasa – silk sarongs and ratten furniture Ujung Pandang -- its fresh and delicious seafoods, especially the Bugis style ikan bakar or barbequed fish Bulukumba – sandy beaches and traditional ship building

49 Ujung Pandang the capital city of South Sulawesi
formerly known as Makassar the primary port and airline hub of the eastern archipelago famous for its trade and maritime history

50 Toraja well known for its specific culture such as funeral ceremony
animistic beliefs Toraja people grow rice and raise buffalo traditional houses (“tongkonan”) with roof like a ship with a bow and stern and colourful carvings echo the horns of a buffalo

51 THANK YOU!!! Done by: Tang Hui Zhi Fang Yixuan Lydia Khoon Chai Wee
Tan Manhui Serene

52 Padang, West Sumatra

53 Entering Padang

54 About Padang Capital of West Sumatra 500,000 people Largest port
Minangkabau ethnic group

55 About Minangkabau

56 Air Manis – “Sweet Waters”

57 Padang Houses

58 Provincial Museum

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