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Natural and Synthetic Fibers

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Presentation on theme: "Natural and Synthetic Fibers"— Presentation transcript:

1 Natural and Synthetic Fibers
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers

2 Fibers All fabrics are made from small, hair-like fibers
Fibers can be separated into two categories Natural Synthetic (manufactured)

3 Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals General Characteristics
Animals = protein fibers Plants = cellulosic fibers General Characteristics Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) Comfortable to wear Most wrinkle easily Durable

4 Natural Fibers Cotton Flax (Linen) Wool Silk Ramie Leather Specialty
Mohair (goat) Camel Cashmere (goat) Angora (rabbit Llama Can be expensive….Why? Hard to collect and process

5 Cotton Advantages Strong, durable Soft Absorbs moisture Breathes well
Washes easily Cheap

6 Cotton disadvantages Mildews Does not spring back into shape
Wrinkles easily Burns readily Shrinks

7 Care of Cotton Machine washable
May shrink if washed or dried at high temperatures Iron at high temperature

8 Clothing/Fashion Uses
Blouses Dresses Skirts Underwear Shirts Jeans Sportswear

9 Flax (Linen) Advantages
STRONG Absorbs moisture Comfortable in warm weather Washes easily

10 Linen disadvantages Mildews WRINKLES Burns easily Shrinks

11 Care of Linen Wash or Dry Clean, CHECK LABEL Iron at HIGH temperature

12 Clothing/Fashion uses
Blouses Dresses Skirts Suits

13 Wool Advantages WARM Durable ABSORBENT Dyes well
Resilient (returns to original shape quickly) – very elastic due to natural crimp Resists wrinkling Fire Retardant

14 Wool Disadvantages Requires special care
Shrinks sometimes if washed, or dried in dryer Absorbs odors Requires protection against insects (moths)

15 Care of Wool Dry Clean or Hand Wash and Dry flat
Iron at low temperature

16 Clothing/Fashion uses
Knit garments Sweaters Gloves Skirts Coats Sportswear Socks Suits slacks

17 Silk Advantages Smooth Lustrous Strong Dries quickly Luxurious
Drapable, soft Resists mildew Resists wrinkles

18 Silk Disadvantages Shows water spots (sweat, perfumes, hairspray)
Sensitive to light

19 Care of silk Dry clean or handwash, check label
Iron wrong side at low temperature

20 Clothing/Fashion uses
Skirts Blouses Dresses Neckties Scarves Lingerie Sweaters

21 Synthetic (Manufactured) Fibers
Made in factories from raw materials Fibrous substance found in plants = cellulosic Chemicals = noncellulosic Characteristics Hydrophobic (water resistant) Promote static cling Heat Sensitive Many pill Most are wrinkle resistant

22 Synthetic Fibers Acetate Acrylic Nylon Polyester Rayon Spandex (Lycra)
Aramid (Kevlar, Nomex) Olefin Triacetate Modacrylic

23 Rayon Advantages Soft and comfortable High moisture absorbency
Drapeable Dyes well Good sheen

24 Rayon disadvantages May wrinkle, stretch, or shrink May mildew
Lacks strength Heat sensitive

25 Care of Rayon Usually machine washable
Retains appearance better if dry cleaned Iron at low temperature

26 Clothing/Fashion uses
Dresses Skirts Lingerie Blouses

27 Nylon Advantages Very Strong Resilient Lustrous Dries quickly

28 Nylon disadvantages May yellow or gray Builds up static cling
Heat Sensitive Low moisture absorbency

29 Care of Nylon Easily laundered Fabric softener to reduce static
Iron at low temperature

30 Clothing/Fashion uses
Sportswear Jackets Raincoats Backpacks Purses

31 Polyester advantages Excellent WRINKLE RESISTANCE
Resistant to abrasion Dries quickly Blends well with other fibers Retains heat-set pleats and creases

32 Polyester Disadvantages
Absorbs oily stains Builds up static electricity Low absorbency of moisture

33 Care of Polyester Remove oily stains immediately Easily laundered
Use fabric softener to reduce static Needs little or no pressing

34 Clothing/Fashion uses
Pants Shirts Suits Sportswear Skirts

35 Acrylic Advantages Soft Warm Wool-like Light weight Wrinkle resistant
Resistant to moths and sunlight Retains shape

36 Acrylic Disadvantages
Pills Static electricity Does not absorb moisture Heat sensitive

37 Care of Acrylic Machine washable
Use fabric softener to reduce static cling Iron at low temperature

38 Clothing/Fashion uses
Sweaters Knit garments Faux Fur Coats Pants Skirts Shoe soles

39 Fabric Blends Created to utilize the positive characteristics of each fiber Usually one natural and one synthetic Example: Polyester/cotton blend More wrinkle resistant, stronger, and mildew resistant

40 The End…

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