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Chapter 5 Violation of norms. Judge dresses down man over T-shirt A young man showed up for a court hearing wearing a obscene T-shirt. It was inappropriate,

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Violation of norms. Judge dresses down man over T-shirt A young man showed up for a court hearing wearing a obscene T-shirt. It was inappropriate,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5 Violation of norms

2 Judge dresses down man over T-shirt A young man showed up for a court hearing wearing a obscene T-shirt. It was inappropriate, to say the least, according to the judge. The man tried to make a joke out of it but the judge considered the shirt openly contemptuous and stated the man should have known better. It says on the summons that proper attire is required.

3 Questions to answer Why are dress norms violated? What are some specific examples of dress norm violations? How can dress norm violations vary?

4 Violation of norms Based on the assumption that a society or group agrees on some norms from which an individuals behavior can deviate Deviant behavior is dysfunctional Makes social life unpredictable Causes confusion about norms and values Undermines trust about peoples behavior Diverts resources to control the behavior

5 Reasons for norm violation Culture change Location Transmission Values and motives Physical conditions Environmental conditions Demands on resources Temporal incompatibilities between statuses Normative system itself Internalization

6 Culture change Refers to modification of norms at different periods of time

7 Culture change


9 Location Geographical locality Different parts of the country have local norms that apply to dress For example, California-casual


11 Transmission Not all individuals receive Comparable instruction Equivalent contact Consistent examples Regarding appropriate and inappropriate dress And consequences of norm violation

12 Gender-role socialization Boys and girls socialized differently with regard to dress norms Boys do not receive the same training about aesthetic rules that girls do Boys less knowledgeable about dress norms, thus, Boys more likely to violate dress norms

13 Gender-role socialization


15 Masculinitydefined as what it is NOT Not feminine Effeminatea male who is similar to or imitates the behavior, appearance, or speech of females Changes in cultural views of masculinity Metrosexualan urban male who has a strong aesthetic sense and spends time and money on his appearance

16 Metrosexual male

17 Stereotypes about cultural categories Different social positions (age, gender) Different contexts (historical, social, cultural) Lead to different interpretation of norms Stereotypes are resistant to change

18 Frame transformation Refers to a process whereby groups take a negative concept (e.g., white trash) and try to turn it into something positive in order to create a sense of belonging and pride E.g., hippie chic


20 Consequences of norm violation Newspaper articles Other mass media Report examples of sanctions daily Not everyone is equally exposed to the examples Mass mediameans of communication designed to reach the general population

21 Report of consequences of norm violation

22 Agencies of socialization Conflict is unavoidable School vs. family – contradictory purposes Church vs. adolescent peer group Families vs. mass media Conflict within a single family

23 Conflict between socialization agencies

24 Attachment to significant others Significant othersparents, teachers, peers Help children accept conventional norms Anticipated disapproval of others Lack of proper socializationnot influenced by What would people think?

25 Socialization

26 Secondary group socialization Peer group socialization Distinguish group by deliberate violation of conventional norms Norm violation a way of expressing allegiance to a group

27 Values and motives Different values, different motives = different ideas of the legitimacy of norms Motive: That which causes an individuals action Choice between personal and collective values

28 What caused her to wear socks with sandals?

29 Conformity to fashion norms Gain friendship and approval Reduce fear of ridicule and disapproval Maintain or increase security Boredom leads to restlessness Search for uniqueness, individualism, novelty, to escape boredom Adopt new and innovative fashions


31 Normative socialization theory Behavior is response to sanctions Traditional environment – rewarded for conformity to conventional dress norms Non-traditional environment – rewarded for non-traditional dress

32 Non-traditional dress

33 Gang Group of people, usually young, who band together for purposes generally considered to be deviant or criminal by the larger society Gang membersreject conventional dress but conform to gang dress code

34 Members of Crips gang What is the gang dress code?

35 Physical Conditions Bodily state over which an individual has no control Inability to meet normative demands Old, asymmetrical facial features, physical disability, large bone structure Violate norms of being young, slim, beautiful, and perfect

36 Old age is a physical condition

37 Bodily states that present obstacles Facial featuresplastic surgery, makeup Disabilitiesjeans, shoes do not fit Wheelchairsbarriers Color blindnessinherited Blindness Stereotypes contribute to obstacles

38 Bodily state that presents obstacles

39 Environmental Conditions Ecological state such as Temperature Humidity Precipitation Professional dress in warmer weather


41 Demands on resources Time, money, energy Lack of sufficient resources Competing demands food vs. clothing

42 Prom: Demands on resources Extravagant display of consumerism Reflection of social status Fashion faux pas – mistake – to wear same dress to a prom as another girl Exclusivity and fitimportant attributes of a prom dress How to pay for the prom


44 Temporal incompatibilities between statuses Unprepared to make a change from a status at one life stage to a later status Psychologically Socially Technically Transition to a succeeding status involves inherent difficulties Pre-teen to adolescence; adult to old age

45 Transition from young adult to middle-age

46 Adolescence Early adolescenceages 12-18 Late adolescenceages 18-22 Emerging adulthood Lingospecialized set of terms requiring that it be learned like a language Jargonlanguage used by a particular group Fashion Mavenan expert in fashion

47 Age-appropriate dressing for adolescents?

48 The normative system itself Some norms are uncontrollable elements of a situation in which an individual must try to conform to other norms Concurrent but competing statuses result in role conflict Role strainroles associated with a single status are in opposition to one another Social rolestandardized set of expectations Gender roles vs. occupational roles

49 Role strain? Role conflict?

50 Internalization Adoption of others attitudes, beliefs, and values, either consciously or unconsciously Norms become a part of an individuals motivational system Committed to norms as being right Not all people internalize cultural norms Resistance to norm violationcommitment to norms and an ability to justify to the self the moral reasons for not deviating

51 Norms become a part of an individuals motivational system

52 Committed to norms as being right; refuse to buy fur

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